4D Printing of NiTi auxetic structure with improved ballistic performance

Journal article


Hassanin, H., Abena, A., Elsayed, M.A. and Essa, K. 2020. 4D Printing of NiTi auxetic structure with improved ballistic performance. Micromachines. 11 (8), p. 745. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.3390/mi11080745
AuthorsHassanin, H., Abena, A., Elsayed, M.A. and Essa, K.
Abstract

Auxetic structures have attracted attention in energy absorption applications owing to their improved shear modulus and enhanced resistance to indentation. On the other hand, four-dimensional (4D) printing is an emerging technology that is capable of 3D printing smart materials with additional functionality. This paper introduces the development of a NiTi negative-Poisson’s-ratio structure with superelasticity/shape memory capabilities for improved ballistic applications. An analytical model was initially used to optimize the geometrical parameters of a re-entrant auxetic structure. It was found that the re-entrant auxetic structure with a cell angle of −30° produced the highest Poisson’s ratio of −2.089. The 4D printing process using a powder bed fusion system was used to fabricate the optimized NiTi auxetic structure. The measured negative Poisson’s ratio of the fabricated auxetic structure was found in agreement with both the analytical model and the finite element simulation. A finite element model was developed to simulate the dynamic response of the optimized auxetic NiTi structure subjected to different projectile speeds. Three stages of the impact process describing the penetration of the top plate, auxetic structure, and bottom plate have been identified. The results show that the optimized auxetic structures affect the dynamic response of the projectile by getting denser toward the impact location. This helped to improve the energy absorbed per unit mass of the NiTi auxetic structure to about two times higher than that of the solid NiTi plate and five times higher than that of the solid conventional steel plate.

Keywords4D printing; NiTi; Shape memory alloy; Super elasticity; Auxetic
Year2020
JournalMicromachines
Journal citation11 (8), p. 745
PublisherMDPI
ISSN2072-666X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/doi.org/10.3390/mi11080745
Official URLhttps://doi.org/10.3390/mi11080745
Related URLhttps://www.mdpi.com/2072-666X/11/8/745/htm
Publication dates
Online31 Jul 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted27 Jul 2020
Deposited26 Aug 2020
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
References

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