Participant experiences of the DWELL programme: focus group findings on motivation, experiences, facilitators and barriers
Manship, S., Hatzidimitriadou, E., Morris, R., Hulbert, S., Webster, J., Belmas, N. and Best, A. 2020. Participant experiences of the DWELL programme: focus group findings on motivation, experiences, facilitators and barriers. European Journal of Public Health. 30 (Supplement 5), p. v509. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckaa165.1390
|Authors||Manship, S., Hatzidimitriadou, E., Morris, R., Hulbert, S., Webster, J., Belmas, N. and Best, A.|
Initiatives to increase effective, low-cost self-management are essential to the sustainability of care for type 2 diabetes (T2D), however research shows that there is currently no standard approach. The DWELL programme seeks to motivate and empower people with T2D to better self-manage their condition through focussed content underpinned by motivational interviewing.
As part of the DWELL evaluation study, end-of-programme focus groups were conducted to elicit participant experiences. 33 focus groups with 153 participants (including a small number of partners) took place in the two UK DWELL delivery sites. The focus group data was subjected to thematic content analysis to elicit key themes. Findings indicate that DWELL participants are motivated through a desire for better knowledge and management of their diabetes. Facilitating factors of the programme include: facilitator and peer support; the holistic and autonomous approach which provides participants with the opportunity to better understand the condition and its impact on their whole lives; and a tailored individual approach. Barriers and suggested improvements include content and operational changes, which are fed back to DWELL facilitators as part of the process evaluation in order that they can continually update the programme. Participants report positive outcomes in terms of wellbeing, social and mental health, enhanced knowledge and positive lifestyle changes. These themes align with quantitative outcome measures for participants, including weight loss, reduced BMI and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), enhanced empowerment and improved eating behaviours and illness perceptions and control.
Interim findings suggest that DWELL outcomes include improved health literacy, participant empowerment and self-management. These findings underscore the need to incorporate a holistic, tailored approach to structured patient education for T2D.
|Keywords||Body mass index procedure; Diabetes mellitus, type 2; Weight reduction; Haemoglobin; Feeding behaviours; Mental health; Motivation; Patient education; Lifestyle changes; Health literacy; Motivational interviewing; Self-management; Patient empowerment; Peer support; BMI|
|Journal||European Journal of Public Health|
|Journal citation||30 (Supplement 5), p. v509|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckaa165.1390|
|Funder||2 Seas Interreg|
|Online||30 Sep 2020|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||14 Oct 2020|
|Accepted||20 May 2020|
|Accepted author manuscript|
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