Measuring the effectiveness of virtuous pedagogy: a quantitative study of the What if Learning approach in Church of England schools

Journal article


Hulbert, S., Cooling, T. and Bowie, B. 2020. Measuring the effectiveness of virtuous pedagogy: a quantitative study of the What if Learning approach in Church of England schools. Education Sciences. 10 (11), p. 315. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci10110315
AuthorsHulbert, S., Cooling, T. and Bowie, B.
Abstract

What If Learning is a pedagogical approach that allows teachers to deliver traditional content, as prescribed by national curricula, while at the same time promoting character virtues fundamental to Christian ethos. It encourages teachers to present topics from a different perspective, which shapes understanding through the lenses of cooperation, coaching or hospitality. What If Learning reframes ‘how’ to teach rather than changing ‘what’ to teach. This study tested the effects of a three-months-long What If Learning intervention which reshaped the delivery of lessons to reflect values of hospitality and welcome in twenty schools across five dioceses in the United Kingdom. Four hundred and seventy-four pupils and 198 of their teachers filled in online surveys presenting implicit and explicit measures of intergroup attitudes adapted from the existing literature to reflect our operationalisation of tolerance as the Christian virtue of hospitality or welcome. Data were collected from all participants at three time points: before and after the intervention and then again three months later. Analyses of variance revealed a pattern of answers largely supportive of the positive effect of the proposed pedagogical approach, although not always consistent with the hypotheses. Teachers report overwhelming positive effects of the intervention on several aspects of pupils’ behaviour and flourishing potentials. The discussion focuses on the widespread implications of these findings while acknowledging the need for additional research to strengthen our conclusions and promote the approach even further

KeywordsChristian education; Virtuous; Pedagogy; Hospitality; Welcome; Tolerance
Year2020
JournalEducation Sciences
Journal citation10 (11), p. 315
PublisherMDPI
ISSN2227-7102
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci10110315
Official URLhttps://doi.org/10.3390/educsci10110315
Publication dates
Online02 Nov 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted30 Oct 2020
Deposited04 Nov 2020
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
References

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Cooling, T. 2005. Curiosity - vice or virtue for the Christian teacher? Promoting faithfulness to Scripture in teacher formation. Journal of Education and Christian Belief. 9 (2).
The challenge of passionate religious commitment for school education in a world of religious diversity
Cooling, T. 2007. The challenge of passionate religious commitment for school education in a world of religious diversity. Journal of Education and Christian Belief. 11 (1).
Professionalism, confessionalism and religious education: an exploration from the British context
Cooling, T. 1994. Professionalism, confessionalism and religious education: an exploration from the British context. in: Astley, J. and Francis, L. (ed.) Critical Perspectives on Christian Education: A Reader on the Aims, Principles and Philosophy of Christian Education Leominster Gracewing. pp. 153-168
Professionalism, confessionalism and religious education: an exploration from the British context
Cooling, T. 1993. Professionalism, confessionalism and religious education: an exploration from the British context. Panorama: International Journal of Comparative Religious Education and Values. 5 (1).
Professionalism, confessionalism and religious education: an exploration from the British context
Cooling, T. 1993. Professionalism, confessionalism and religious education: an exploration from the British context. Spectrum. 25 (2), pp. 129-145.
A reply to Elmer Thiessen and Arthur Jones
Cooling, T. 1995. A reply to Elmer Thiessen and Arthur Jones. Spectrum. 27 (2), pp. 153-164.
Education is the point of RE, not religion: theological perspectives on the SCAA model syllabuses
Cooling, T. 1995. Education is the point of RE, not religion: theological perspectives on the SCAA model syllabuses. Hong Kong Journal of Religious Education. 7.
Education is the point of RE, not religion: theological perspectives on the SCAA model syllabuses
Cooling, T. 1996. Education is the point of RE, not religion: theological perspectives on the SCAA model syllabuses. in: Astley, J. and Francis, L. (ed.) Christian Theology and Religious Education: Connections and Contradictions London SPCK.
Die Spiritualität der Weltreligionen: Perspektiven für Bildung und Erziehung
Cooling, T. 1995. Die Spiritualität der Weltreligionen: Perspektiven für Bildung und Erziehung. Loccumer Pelikan. 1 (1).
Religious Education
Cooling, T. 1995. Religious Education. in: Atkinson, D. and Field, D. (ed.) New Dictionary of Christian Ethics and Pastoral Theology Leicester Inter-Varsity Press.
Theology goes to school: the story of the Stapleford Project
Cooling, T. 1997. Theology goes to school: the story of the Stapleford Project. Journal of Christian Education. 40 (1).
In defence of the common school
Cooling, T. 1997. In defence of the common school. in: Shortt, J. and Cooling, T. (ed.) Agenda for Educational Change Leicester Apollos.
The spiritual in modern education
Cooling, T. 1998. The spiritual in modern education. Whitefield Briefing. 3 (1).
Brian Hill - an appreciation
Cooling, T. 1999. Brian Hill - an appreciation. Panorama: International Journal of Comparative Religious Education and Values. 11 (1&2).
The Stapleford Project: Theology as the basis for Religous Education
Cooling, T. 2000. The Stapleford Project: Theology as the basis for Religous Education. in: Grimmitt, M. (ed.) Pedagogies of Religious Education: Case Studies in the Research and Development of Good Pedagogic Practice in RE Great Wakering McCrimmons.
Indoctrination and commitment
Cooling, T. 2002. Indoctrination and commitment. in: Brown, A. and Broadbent, L. (ed.) Issues in Religious Education Teaching London Falmer/Routledge.
Metaphor, scripture and education
Shortt, J., Smith, D. and Cooling, T. 2000. Metaphor, scripture and education. Journal of Christian Education. 43 (1), pp. 21-28.
The search for truth: postmodernism and religious education
Cooling, T. 2005. The search for truth: postmodernism and religious education. Journal of Beliefs & Values: Studies in Religion & Education. 26 (1), pp. 87-93. https://doi.org/10.1080/13617670500047764
Church and School: the contemporary challenge
Cooling, T. and Oliver, G. 1989. Church and School: the contemporary challenge. Nottingham Grove.
Concept cracking: exploring Christian beliefs in school
Cooling, T. 1994. Concept cracking: exploring Christian beliefs in school. Nottingham Stapleford Project.
A Christian vision for state education: reflections on the theology of education
Cooling, T. 1994. A Christian vision for state education: reflections on the theology of education. London SPCK.
Mishmash with integrity: removing the tensions between systematic and thematic approaches to Religious Education
Cooling, T. 1996. Mishmash with integrity: removing the tensions between systematic and thematic approaches to Religious Education. Cheltenham Cheltenham & Gloucester College of Education.
Slaying the dragon of moral relativism: relativism in schools and community
Cooling, T. 1998. Slaying the dragon of moral relativism: relativism in schools and community. Sydney Aquila Press.
Considering values in the school curriculum
Cooling, T. 1999. Considering values in the school curriculum. Nottingham Stapleford Centre.
Global perspectives on Christianity: case studies to promote thinking skills in Religious Education
King, J., Stanley, B., Cooling, T. and Cooling, M. 2001. Global perspectives on Christianity: case studies to promote thinking skills in Religious Education. Norwich Religious and Moral Education Press.
Pupil learning
Cooling, T. 2008. Pupil learning. in: Barnes, P., Wright, A. and Brandom, A. (ed.) Learning to Teach Religious Education in the Secondary School: A Companion to School Experience London Routledge. pp. 61-77
Go and make disciples: education as a Christian mission
Cooling, T. 2008. Go and make disciples: education as a Christian mission. Journal of Christian Education. 51 (2), pp. 5-22.
Setting the vision: the calling of the Christian teacher in the twenty-first century world
Cooling, T. 2008. Setting the vision: the calling of the Christian teacher in the twenty-first century world. Journal of Christian Education. 51 (3), pp. 17-31.
Education
Cooling, T. 2009. Education. in: Lynas, R. (ed.) Votewise Now! Helping Christians Engage with the Issues London SPCK.
Transforming Faith: teaching as a Christian vocation in a secular, world-view diverse culture
Cooling, T. 2010. Transforming Faith: teaching as a Christian vocation in a secular, world-view diverse culture. Journal of Education and Christian Belief. 14 (1).
Faith, Religious Education and whole school issues
Cooling, T. 2011. Faith, Religious Education and whole school issues. in: Barnes, P. (ed.) Debates in Religious Education London Routledge Falmer.
'Try domething different': approaches to teaching religious education
Cooling, T. 2003. 'Try domething different': approaches to teaching religious education. Nottingham The Stapleford Centre.
Concept cracking: a practical way to teach big ideas in RE
Cooling, T. and Cooling, T. 2004. Concept cracking: a practical way to teach big ideas in RE. Nottingham The Stapleford Centre.
Using the Bible in Christian ministry: a workbook
Pattison, S., Cooling, T. and Cooling, T. 2007. Using the Bible in Christian ministry: a workbook. London Darton, Longman & Todd.
Supporting Christians in education
Cooling, T. Greene, M. (ed.) 2008. Supporting Christians in education. London LICC.
Mapping the field: a review of the current research evidence on the impact of schools with a Christian ethos
Cooling, T. and Green, E. 2009. Mapping the field: a review of the current research evidence on the impact of schools with a Christian ethos. London Theos. https://doi.org/9780956218209
Environmental ethics
Bowie, B. 2008. Environmental ethics.
How green is your god?
Bowie, B. 2009. How green is your god?
PGCE secondary provision and the new curriculum
Bowie, B. 2009. PGCE secondary provision and the new curriculum.
Thinking about ethics in RE learning
Bowie, B. 2007. Thinking about ethics in RE learning.
Dignity, religion, education
Bowie, B. 2007. Dignity, religion, education.
Ethical studies
Bowie, B. 2004. Ethical studies. Cheltenham Nelson Thornes.
Christian education masterclass
Cooling, T. 2010. Christian education masterclass.
Distinctively Christian school leadership
Cooling, T. 2010. Distinctively Christian school leadership.
Welcoming the stranger
Cooling, T. 2010. Welcoming the stranger.
What if? A Christian approach to teaching and learning
Cooling, T. 2010. What if? A Christian approach to teaching and learning.
Christian leadership in a 21st century church school
Cooling, T. 2010. Christian leadership in a 21st century church school.
Christian leadership in a 21st century church school
Cooling, T. 2010. Christian leadership in a 21st century church school.
Church schools: confidently and appropriately Christian?
Cooling, T. 2010. Church schools: confidently and appropriately Christian?
Biology, theology and respect for RE
Cooling, T. 2010. Biology, theology and respect for RE. RE Today. 28 (1), pp. 40-41.
Called to teach: teaching as a mission vocation
Cooling, T. 2010. Called to teach: teaching as a mission vocation. Cambridge Grove Books.
Doing God in education
Cooling, T. 2010. Doing God in education. London Theos.
AQA Religious Studies A2: ethics: student's book
Bowie, B. 2009. AQA Religious Studies A2: ethics: student's book. Cheltenham, UK Nelson Thornes.
AQA GCSE Religious Studies A: Roman Catholicism: Ethics
Bowie, B. 2009. AQA GCSE Religious Studies A: Roman Catholicism: Ethics. Cheltenham, UK Nelson Thornes.
AQA GCSE Religious Studies A: Christianity: Ethics
Bowie, B. 2009. AQA GCSE Religious Studies A: Christianity: Ethics. Cheltenham, UK Nelson Thornes.
The primacy of dignity and human rights education
Bowie, B. 2011. The primacy of dignity and human rights education. PhD Thesis University of Kent / Canterbury Christ Church University Faculty of Education
Texts and teachers: the practice guide
Bowie, B. and Clemmey, K. 2000. Texts and teachers: the practice guide. Canterbury Canterbury Christ Church University.
Texts and teachers: the findings report
Bowie, B. 2000. Texts and teachers: the findings report. Canterbury Canterbury Christ Church University.