The influence of parents' education in the Italian standardization sample of the WISC-III

Journal article


Cianci, L., Orsini, A., Hulbert, S. and Pezzuti, L. 2013. The influence of parents' education in the Italian standardization sample of the WISC-III. Learning and Individual Differences. 28, pp. 47-53.
AuthorsCianci, L., Orsini, A., Hulbert, S. and Pezzuti, L.
Abstract

The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III Edition is the most commonly used intelligence test for children in Italy. Differences in parents' educational levelswere analysed for the WISC-III Italian standardization sample of 2200 children ranging from six to sixteen years of age. Data analyses were carried out on scaled scores for the subtests, on IQ scores for the three IQs, on the Verbal Comprehension, Perceptual Organization, Freedom from Distractibility, Processing Speed Indexes, and on the General Ability Index.

Results showed that, while parental influence on children's subtests, IQs, Indexes and GAI is independent of the parent's gender, it varies as a function of the parent's level of education with a higher level of education having the highest influence. These results may be in agreement with those researchers that consider parental education more important than the parents' gender as a source of influence on the cognitive performance of their children. We find statistically significant differences for each subtest, IQ, and Index in relation to parental education, with higher scores associated to a higher level of parental education. Performance IQ seems less sensible to parental education than Verbal IQ.

KeywordsWISC-III; parents' education; intelligence
Year2013
JournalLearning and Individual Differences
Journal citation28, pp. 47-53
PublisherElsevier
ISSN1041-6080
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.lindif.2013.09.009
Publication dates
Print20 Sep 2013
Publication process dates
Deposited13 Feb 2015
Accepted08 Sep 2013
Output statusPublished
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https://repository.canterbury.ac.uk/item/871v6/the-influence-of-parents-education-in-the-italian-standardization-sample-of-the-wisc-iii

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