Enhanced physical health screening for people with severe mental illness in Hong Kong: results from a one-year prospective case series study

Journal article


Bressington, D., Mui, J., Hulbert, S., Cheung, E., Bradford, S. and Gray, Richard 2014. Enhanced physical health screening for people with severe mental illness in Hong Kong: results from a one-year prospective case series study. BMC Psychiatry. 14 (57).
AuthorsBressington, D., Mui, J., Hulbert, S., Cheung, E., Bradford, S. and Gray, Richard
Abstract

Background

People with severe mental illness have significantly poorer physical health compared to the general population; previous health screening studies conducted outside Asian countries have demonstrated the potential in addressing this issue. This case series aimed to explore the effects and utility of integrating an enhanced physical health screening programme for community dwelling patients with severe mental illness into routine clinical practice in Hong Kong.

Method

This study utilises a consecutive prospective case series design. The serious mental illness Health Improvement Profile (HIP) was used as a screening tool at baseline and repeated at 12 months follow-up.

Results

A total of 148 community-based patients with severe mental illness completed the study. At one year follow-up analysis showed a significant improvement in self-reported levels of exercise and a reduction in the numbers of patients prescribed medications for diabetes However, mean waist circumference increased at follow-up. In addition to the statistically significant results some general trends were observed, including: a lack of deterioration in most areas of cardiovascular risk; a reduction in medicines prescribed for physical health problems; and general improvements in health behaviours over the 12 month period.

Conclusions

The findings demonstrate that using the HIP is feasible and acceptable in Hong Kong. The results of the enhanced physical health-screening programme are promising, but require further testing using a randomised controlled trial design in order to more confidently attribute the improvements in well-being and health behaviours to the HIP.

Trial registration

Clinical trial registration number: ISRCTN12582470

KeywordsPhysical health screening; Severe mental illness; Health behaviours; Cardiovascular risk
Year2014
JournalBMC Psychiatry
Journal citation14 (57)
PublisherBioMed Central
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1186/1471-244X-14-57
Publication dates
Print03 Mar 2014
Publication process dates
Deposited03 Mar 2014
Output statusPublished
Publisher's version
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