Managing gendered expectations upon resettlement: the experiences of Iraqi Kurdish Muslim women in the UK
Wright, T. 2013. Managing gendered expectations upon resettlement: the experiences of Iraqi Kurdish Muslim women in the UK. Gender, Place and Culture. 21 (6), pp. 733-749. https://doi.org/10.1080/0966369X.2013.802665
This article discusses research surrounding the migration experiences of Iraqi Kurdish Muslim women migrants who have settled in the UK. Looking at some of the important and influential works by post-colonial feminist writers, what is revealed are arguments that provide some false senses of separation between different women. These writers’ concepts provide for a stagnation of extreme oppositionally based models of power that fail to recognise the existence of current and future transgressive, positive and empowering relationships of power which exist between women; and that happen in ways that remake the process, whereby transnational feminisms reach out, speak to,touch and reject each other – often all at the same time – and yet, in fresh and reconstituted forms. Considering both oppressive and transgressive relationships of power revealed complex combinations of often contradictory and simultaneously negative and empowering experiences. The Kurdish women practise strategies of Othering, of distance and of proximity corresponding to a variety of different concepts held within several different forms of feminism; they demonstrate an eclectic approach to their self-determination and to the development of rethinking forms of transnational feminism.
|Keywords||Iraqi; Kurds; women; self-determination; transnational feminism|
|Journal||Gender, Place and Culture|
|Journal citation||21 (6), pp. 733-749|
|Publisher||Taylor & Francis|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1080/0966369X.2013.802665|
|09 Jun 2013|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||31 Mar 2016|
|Accepted||04 Nov 2012|
Abu-Lughod, L. 2002. “Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving? Anthropological Reflections on Cultural Relativism and Its Others.” American Anthropologist 104 (3): 783–790.
Ahmed, S. 2000. Strange Encounters: Embodied Others in Postcoloniality. London: Routledge.
Ahmed, S. 2007–2008. “Multiculturalism and the Promise of Happiness.” New Formations: A Journal of Culture/Theory/Politics 63: 121–137.
Ahmed, S. 2010. The Promise of Happiness. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Ang-Lygate, M. 1997. “Charting the Spaces of (Un)location: On Theorising Diaspora.” In Black British Feminism: A Reader, edited by H. Safia Mirza, 168–188. London: Routledge.
Bhabha, H. K., ed. 1994. “Of Mimicry and Men: The Ambivalence of Colonial Discourse.” In The Location of Culture, 85–92. London: Routledge.
Bosworth, M., and M. Guild. 2008. “Governing Through Migration Control: Security and Citizenship in Britain.” British Journal of Criminology 48: 703–719.
Brodkin, K. 2002. How Jews Became White Folks: And What That Says About Race in America. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Browne, K. 2003. “Negotiations and Fieldworkings: Friendships and Feminist Research.” ACME 2 (2): 132–146.
Derrida, J. 1978. Writing and Difference. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Dwyer, C. 1999. “Veiled Meanings: Young British Muslim Women and the Negotiation of Differences.” Gender, Place and Culture 6 (1): 5–26.
Ehrkamp, P. 2007. “Beyond the Mosque: Turkish Immigrants and the Practice and Politics of Islam in Duisburg-Marxloh Germany.” In Geographies of Muslim Identity: Diaspora, Gender and Belonging, edited by C. Aitchison, P. Hopkins and M. P. Kwan, 11–27. Hampshire: Ashgate.
Foucault, M. 1990. The History of Sexuality: An Introduction. Vol. 1. New York: Random House.
Franz, B. 2003. “Bosnian Refugee Women in (Re)settlement: Gender Relations and Social Mobility.” Feminist Review: Exile and Asylum 73: 86–103.
Gardener, K. 2002. Age, Narrative and Migration: The Life Course and Life Histories of Bengali Elders in London. Oxford: Berg.
Gedalof, I. 2003. “Taking (a) Place: Female Embodiment and the Re-grounding of Community.” In Uprootings/Regroundings: Questions of Home and Migration, edited by S. Ahmed, C. Castaneda and A. Fortier, 91–107. Oxford: Berg.
Gill, N. 2010. “New State-Theoretic Approaches to Asylum and Refugee Geographies.” Progress in Human Geography 34 (5): 626–645.
Gilroy, P., and A. Appadurai. 1999. “Historical Memory, Global Movements and Violence: Paul
Gilroy and Arjun Appadurai in Conversation.” Theory, Culture and Society 16 (2): 21–40.
Grewal, I. 2005. Transnational America: Feminisms, Diasporas, Neoliberalisms. Duke, NC: Duke University Press.
Griffiths, D. 2002. Somali and Kurdish Refugees in London: New Identities in the Diaspora. Hampshire: Ashgate.
Haraway, D. 1991. Simians Cyborgs of Nature: The Reinvention of Nature. London: Free Association Books.
Harding, S. 2008. Sciences from Below: Feminisms, Postcolonialities, and Modernities. Duke, NC: Duke University Press.
Hooks, B. 1984. Feminist Theory: From Margin to Centre. Boston, MA: South End Press.
Hopkins, G. 2010. “A Changing Sense of Somaliness: Somali Women in London and Toronto.” Gender, Place and Culture 17 (4): 519–538.
Kandiyoti, D. 1991. “Women, Islam and the State.” Gender and Politics 173 (Nov.–Dec.): 9–14.
Kelly, L., L. Regan, and S. Burton. 1992. “Defending the Indefensible? Quantitative Methods and Feminist Research.” In Working Out: New Directions for Women’s Studies, edited by A. Hinds, J. Phoenix and J. Stacey, 149–160. London: Falmer Press.
Landry, D., and G. Maclean. 1996. The Spivak Reader. New York: Routledge.
Minh-ha, T. 1988. “Not You/Like You: Postcolonial Women and the Interlocking Questions of Identity and Difference.” Inscriptions 3–4: 71–80.
Mohammad, R. 1999. “Marginalisation, Islamism and the Production of the ‘Other’s’ ‘Other’.” Gender, Place and, Culture 6 (3): 221–240.
Mohanty, C. 1991. “Under Western Eyes.” In Third World Women and the Politics of Feminism, edited by C. Mohanty, A. Russ and T. Lourdes, 51–80. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Mohanty, C. 2003. Feminism Without Borders: Decolonizing Theory, Practicing Solidarity.Durham, NC: Duke University Press
Mojab, S. 2001. “Nationalism and Gender Relations in Kurdistan.” In Of Property and Propriety: The Role of Gender and Class in Imperialism and Nationalism, edited by H. Bannerji, S. Mojab and J. Whitehead, 118–131. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Mojab, S. 2008. “Shahrzad Mojab on Muslim Women and Western Feminists.” Accessed May 2008. http://profacero.wordpress.com/2008/05/18/shahrzad-mojab-on-muslim-w...
Mojab, S., and N. Abdo-zubi. 2004. Violence in the Name of Honour: Theoretical and Political Challenges. Istanbul: Bilgi University Press.
Oakley, A. 2005. The Ann Oakley Reader: Gender, Women and Social Science. Bristol: Policy Press.
Ong, A. 2003. Buddha is Hiding: Refugees, Citizenship, the New America. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Phillips, R. 2012. “Interventions Against Forced Marriage: Contesting Hegemonic Narratives and Minority Practices in Europe.” Gender, Place and Culture 19 (1): 21–41.
Phizacklea, A. 2001. “Migration and Globalisation: A Feminist Perspective.” In The New Migration in Europe: Social Constructions and Social Realities, edited by K. Koser and H. Lutz, 21–38. Hampshire: Macmillan.
Pratt, G., and B. Yeoh. 2003. “Transnational (Counter) Topographies.” Gender, Place, and Culture 10 (2): 159–166.
Rabinow, P. 1997. Michel Foucault: Essential Works of Foucault 1954–1984. Vol. 1. London: Penguin.
Said, E. 1978. Orientalism: Western Conceptions of the Orient. London: Penguin.
Secor, A. 2010. “Social Surveys, Interviews and Focus Groups.” In Research Methods in Geography: A Critical Introduction, edited by B. Gomez and J. P. Jones, 194–205. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
Siraj, A. 2011. “Meanings of Modesty and the Hijab Amongst Muslim Women in Glasgow.” Scotland. Gender, Place and Culture 18 (6): 716–731.
Skeggs, B. 1994. “Situating the Production of Feminist Ethnography.” In Researching Women’s Lives, edited by M. Maynard and J. Purvis, 72–93. London: Taylor & Francis.
Spivak, G. 1985. “Can the Subaltern Speak? Speculations on Widow-Sacrifice.” Wedge 7 (8): 120–130.
Stanley, L., and S. Wise. 1993. Breaking Out Again: Feminist Ontology and Epistemology. London: Routledge.
Staring, R. 2001. “Scenes from a Fake Marriage: Notes on the Flip-Side of Embeddedness.” In The New Migration in Europe: Social Constructions and Social Realities, edited by K. Koser and H. Lutz, 224–241. Hampshire: Macmillan.
Suleri, S. 1992. “Woman Skin Deep: Feminism and the Postcolonial Condition.” Critical Inquiry 18
Vives, L. 2012. “Fragmented Migrant (Her) Stories: Multi-Sited Ethnography and Feminist Migration Research.” In Feminism and Migration Cross-Cultural Engagements, edited by G. T. Bonifacio, 61–80. London: Springer.
Yeoh, S. A., P. Teo, and S. Huang. 2002. Gender Politics in the Asia-Pacific Region. London and New York: Routledge.
0views this month
0downloads this month