On ‘sisterhood’: What Iraqi Kurdish women migrants have to say about women and the commonalities they share
Wright, T. 2014. On ‘sisterhood’: What Iraqi Kurdish women migrants have to say about women and the commonalities they share. Journal of International Women's Studies. 15 (2), pp. 182-196.
Based on a research study this paper is concerned with the migration experiences of Iraqi Kurdish Muslim women. Commonalities among women was one of the main themes emerging from the research data, with much of that data related to what some of the Kurdish women conceptualise as a ‘sisterhood’ of women, suggesting that for at least half of the Kurdish women, experiences of inequality, domestic abuse, and patriarchal oppression provide a significant point of commonality among women.
|Keywords||Iraqi Kurds; women’s migration; cross-cultural ethnography; transnational feminism; patriarchal abuse; sisterhood|
|Journal||Journal of International Women's Studies|
|Journal citation||15 (2), pp. 182-196|
|Publisher||Bridgewater State University|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||31 Mar 2016|
Adlim, A. September, 2005. Multiple oppression and women’s access to healthcare, International Free Women’s Foundation/Netherlands presentation, available from: <http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/vaw/ngocontribute/International%20F...
Ahmed, S. 1998. Differences that matter: Feminist theory and postmodernism, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Ahmed, S. 2000, Strange encounters: Embodied others in postcoloniality, Routledge, London & New York.
Ahmed, S. (2007-2008). ‘Multiculturalism and the promise of happiness’, in New Formations: A Journal of Culture/Theroy/Politics, No. 63.
Ahmetbeyzade, C. 1999. Kurdish Nationalism in Turkey and the Role of Peasant Kurdish Women, in T. Mayer, Gender ironies of nationalism: Sexing the nation, London and New York, Routledge, pp. 187-210.
Al-Ali, N & Pratt, N. 2011. ‘Between Nationalism and Women’s Rights: The Kurdish Women’s Movement in Iraq’, in Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication, Volume 4 pp. 337-353.
Amnesty International 2011. available from: <www.amnesty.org.uk> (accessed 01 November 2011).
Ang-Lygate, M. 1997. ‘Charting the spaces of (un)location: On theorising diaspora’ in H. Safia Mirza (ed.), Black British Feminism: A Reader, Routledge, London & New York.
Bhabha, H. K. 1994. ‘Of mimicry and men: The ambivalence of colonial discourse’, in The location of culture, Routledge, London & New York, pp. 85-92.
Brown, W. (2008). Regulating aversion: Tolerance in the age of identity and empire, Princeton University Press, Princeton & Oxford.
Bulloch, J. & Morris, H. 1993. No friends but the mountains: The tragic history of the Kurds, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Crawley, H. 2001. Refugees and gender: Law and process, Jordon Publishing, Bristol.
Galletti, M. 2001. ‘Western images of the woman’s role in Kurdish society’, in Mojab, S.Women of a non-state nation: The Kurds, Mazda Publications, Irvine California pp. 209-220.
Gedalof, I. 2003. ‘Taking (a) place: Female embodiment and the re-grounding of community’ in S. Ahmed, C. Castaneda & A. Fortier, Uprootings/regroundings: Questions of home and migration, Berg, Oxford & New York, pp. 91-107.
Harding, S. & Norberg, K. 2005. ‘New feminist approaches to social science methodologies: An introduction’, Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, Vol. 30, No. 4, pp. 2017-35.
Harraway, D. 1991. Simians, cyborgs, and women: The reinvention of nature, Free Association Books, London.
Hassanpour, A. 2001. ‘The (re)production of patriarchy in Kurdish language’, in Mojab, S. Women of a non-state nation: The Kurds, Mazda Publications, Irvine California pp. 227- 259.
Landry, D., & Maclean, G. 1996. The Spivak reader, Routledge, New York & London.
MacKinnon, C. 1991, ‘From practice to theory, or what is a white woman anyway?’ Yale Journal of Law and Feminism, vol. 4, no.1, pp. 13-22.
McDonald, S. 2001. ‘Kurdish women and self-determination: A feminist approach to international law’, in Mojab, S. Women of a non-state nation: The Kurds, Mazda Publications, Irvine California pp. 135-152.
McDowall, D. 2000. A modern history of the Kurds, I. B. Tauris & Co., London & New York.
Minh-ha, T. 1988, ‘Not you/like you: Postcolonial women and the interlocking questions of identity and difference’, Inscriptions, no. 3-4, pp. 71–80.
Minh-ha, T. 1989. Women, native, other: Writing postcoloniality and feminism, Indiana
Mohanty, Chandra Talpade (2003). Feminism without Borders: Decolonizing Theory, Practicing
Mojab, S. 2001a. ‘The solitude of the stateless: Kurdish women at the margins of feminist knowledge’, in Mojab, S. Women of a non-state nation: The Kurds, Mazda Publications, Irvine California pp. 1-16.
Mojab, S. 2001b. ‘Nationalism and gender relations in Kurdistan’, in H. Bannerji, S. Mojab & J. Whitehead, Of property and propriety: The role of gender and class in imperialism and nationalism, University of Toronto Press, Toronto, pp. 118-131.
Mojab, S. & Abdo, N. (eds.) 2004. Violence in the name of honour: Theoretical and political challenges. Bilgi University Press, Istanbul.
Mojab, S. & Gorman, R. 2007. ‘War, diaspora and Kurdish women’s organising’, Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 58-85, available from <hhtp://www.jstor.org.uk/stable/10.2979/MEW.2007.3.1.58> (accessed 25October
Oakley, A. 2005. The Ann Oakley Reader: Gender, Women and Social Science. Bristol: Policy Press.
Obando, A. E. 2003. ‘Migrant women’, Women Human Rights Net, available from: <http://www.iiav.nl/ezines/web/WHRnet/2003/June/whrnet/issue-migrantw... (accessed 01 November 2011).
O’Leary, A. 2002. ‘The Kurds of Iraq: Recent history, future prospects’, Middle East Review of
Palmer, C. 2002, Refugee women and domestic violence—Country studies: Iraqi Kurdistan, Women’s Resource Project, Asylum Aid, available from: <http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/pdfid/478e3c9cd.pdf> (accessed 01 November 2011).
Pearce, L. 1995. ‘Finding a place from which to write: The methodology of feminist textual practice’, in B. Skeggs (ed.), Feminist cultural theory: Process and production, Manchester University Press, Manchester.
Pirouet, L. 2001, Whatever happened to asylum in Britain?, Berghan Books, New York & Oxford.
Sadiq Al-Ali, N. 2007, Iraqi Women: Untold stories from 1948 to the present, Zen Books, London & New York.
Said, E. 1978, Orientalism: Western conceptions of the Orient, Penguin, London.
Spivak, G. 1985, ‘Can the subaltern speak? Speculations on widow-sacrifice’, Wedge, vol. 7, no. 8, pp. 120-130.
Spivak, G. 1986, ‘Imperialism and Sexual Difference’, Oxford Literary Review, vol. 7. no. 1-2, pp. 225-240.
Stanley, L. & Wise, S. 1993, Breaking out again: Feminist ontology and epistemology,Routledge, London & New York.
Suleri, S. 1992, ‘Woman skin deep: Feminism and the postcolonial condition’, Critical Inquiry,196
Journal of International Women’s Studies Vol. 15, No. 2 July 2014 vol. 18, no. 4 (Summer), pp. 765-769. UK Border Agency (UKBA), Iraq country of origin information, available from: <http://www.ukba.homeoffice.gov.uk/sitecontent/documents/policyandlaw... (accessed 01 November 2011).
Vives, L. 2012. “Fragmented Migrant (Her) Stories: Multi-Sited Ethnography and Feminist Migration Research.” In Feminism and Migration Cross-Cultural Engagements, edited by G. T. Bonifacio, 61-80. London: Springer.
Yeoh, S. A., P. Teo, and S. Huang. 2002. Gender Politics in the Asia-Pacific Region. London and New York: Routledge.
1views this month
1downloads this month