AIU. (2019). Athletics Integrity Unit 2018 Report. https://www.athleticsintegrity.org/downloads/pdfs/know-us/en/AIU-Ann...
Akinwande, M. O., Dikko, H. G., & Samson, A. (2015). Variance inflation factor: as a condition for the inclusion of suppressor variable (s) in regression analysis. Open Journal of Statistics, 5(07), 754.
Aquino, K., Freeman, D., Reed II, A., Lim, V. K., & Felps, W. (2009). Testing a social-cognitive model of moral behavior: the interactive influence of situations and moral identity centrality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97(1), 123. https://doi.org/ https://doi.org/10.1037/a0015406
Aquino, K., McFerran, B., & Laven, M. (2011). Moral identity and the experience of moral elevation in response to acts of uncommon goodness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100(4), 703.
Aquino, K., & Reed, I. (2002). The self-importance of moral identity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83(6), 1423. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-35188.8.131.523
Bandura, A. (1991). Social cognitive theory of self-regulation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 248-287. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-5978(91)90022-L
Barclay, L. J., Whiteside, D. B., & Aquino, K. (2014). To avenge or not to avenge? Exploring the interactive effects of moral identity and the negative reciprocity norm. Journal of Business Ethics, 121(1), 15-28.
Barkoukis, V., Lazuras, L., & Harris, P. R. (2015). The effects of self-affirmation manipulation on decision making about doping use in elite athletes. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 16, 175-181.
BBC. (2020). Six Nations 2020: We expect France to 'cheat' at the scrum - Wyn Jones. https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/rugby-union/51550491
Bergkvist, L., & Rossiter, J. R. (2009). Tailor-made single-item measures of doubly concrete constructs. International Journal of Advertising, 28(4), 607-621.
Blasi, A. (1993). The development of identity: Some implications for moral functioning. The moral self, 99-122.
Bohner, G., & Dickel, N. (2011). Attitudes and attitude change. Annual Review of Psychology, 62, 391-417. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.121208.131609
Bowling, A., & Ebrahim, S. (2005). Handbook of health research methods: investigation, measurement and analysis. McGraw-Hill Education (UK).
Christensen, J. F., & Gomila, A. (2012). Moral dilemmas in cognitive neuroscience of moral decision-making: A principled review. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 36(4), 1249-1264.
Chua, H. F., Gonzalez, R., Taylor, S. F., Welsh, R. C., & Liberzon, I. (2009). Decision-related loss: regret and disappointment. Neuroimage, 47(4), 2031-2040.
Corcoran, K. J., & Rotter, J. B. (1987). Morality-conscience guilt scale as a predictor of ethical behavior in a cheating situation among college females. The Journal of general psychology, 114(2), 117-123.
Coricelli, G., & Rustichini, A. (2010). Counterfactual thinking and emotions: regret and envy learning. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal society B: Biological sciences, 365(1538), 241-247.
Diamantopoulos, A., Sarstedt, M., Fuchs, C., Wilczynski, P., & Kaiser, S. (2012). Guidelines for choosing between multi-item and single-item scales for construct measurement: a predictive validity perspective. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 40(3), 434-449.
Edwards, A. M., Dutton-Challis, L., Cottrell, D., Guy, J. H., & Hettinga, F. J. (2018). Impact of active and passive social facilitation on self-paced endurance and sprint exercise: encouragement augments performance and motivation to exercise. BMJ open sport & exercise medicine, 4(1).
Effron, D. A., Bryan, C. J., & Murnighan, J. K. (2015). Cheating at the end to avoid regret. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 109(3), 395.
Epstude, K., & Roese, N. J. (2008). The functional theory of counterfactual thinking. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 12(2), 168-192.
Feldman, G., Kutscher, L., & Yay, T. (2020). Omission and commission in judgment and decision making: Linking action-inaction effects using the concept of normality. Social and Personality Psychology Compass.
Fritz, M. S., & MacKinnon, D. P. (2007). Required sample size to detect the mediated effect. Psychological Science, 18(3), 233-239.
Gotlib, A. (2019). Backward Glances: An Introduction to The Moral Psychology of Regret. The Moral Psychology of Regret, 1.
Guardian, T. (2017). Michael Phelps wants to talk doping reform now. Will anybody listen? https://www.theguardian.com/sport/blog/2017/mar/01/michael-phelps-do...
Guardian, T. (2020). Edwin Moses: ‘We all knew doping was happening ... it was a dark period in athletics’. https://www.theguardian.com/sport/2020/feb/06/edwin-moses-interview-...
Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to Mediation, Moderation, and Conditional Process Analysis: A Regression-Based Approach (Methodology in the Social Sciences). Guilford-Press.
Hertz, S. G., & Krettenauer, T. (2016). Does moral identity effectively predict moral behavior?: A meta-analysis. Review of General Psychology, 20(2), 129-140.
Huybers, T., & Mazanov, J. (2012). What would Kim do: A choice study of projected athlete doping considerations. Journal of sport management, 26(4), 322-334. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsm.26.4.322
ICC. (2018). 'I'll regret this for the rest of my life' – Cameron Bancrof. International Cricket Council. https://www.icc-cricket.com/news/651780
Jamison, J., Yay, T., & Feldman, G. (2020). Action-inaction asymmetries in moral scenarios: Replication of the omission bias examining morality and blame with extensions linking to causality, intent, and regret. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 89, 103977.
Kavussanu, M. (2019). Toward an understanding of transgressive behavior in sport: Progress and prospects. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 42, 33-39. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.01.009
Kavussanu, M., & Ring, C. (2016). Moral thought and action in sport and student life: A study of bracketed morality. Ethics & Behavior, 26(4), 267-276.
Kavussanu, M., & Ring, C. (2017). Moral identity predicts doping likelihood via moral disengagement and anticipated guilt. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 39(4), 293-301. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2016-0333
Kavussanu, M., Stanger, N., & Ring, C. (2015). The effects of moral identity on moral emotion and antisocial behavior in sport. Sport, exercise, and performance psychology, 4(4), 268. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1037/spy0000040
Kavussanu, M., Yukhymenko-Lescroart, M. A., Elbe, A.-M., & Hatzigeorgiadis, A. (2020). Integrating moral and achievement variables to predict doping likelihood in football: A cross-cultural investigation. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 101518. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.04.008
Krettenauer, T., & Casey, V. (2015). Moral identity development and positive moral emotions: Differences involving authentic and hubristic pride. Identity, 15(3), 173-187.
Krettenauer, T., & Hertz, S. (2015). What develops in moral identities? A critical review. Human Development, 58(3), 137-153.
Krettenauer, T., Lefebvre, J. P., Hardy, S. A., Zhang, Z., & Cazzell, A. R. (2021). Daily moral identity: Linkages with integrity and compassion. Journal of Personality.
Landman, J. (1993). Regret: The persistence of the possible. Oxford University Press.
Lazuras, L., Barkoukis, V., Mallia, L., Lucidi, F., & Brand, R. (2017). More than a feeling: The role of anticipated regret in predicting doping intentions in adolescent athletes. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 30, 196-204. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.03.003
Lee, M. J., Whitehead, J., & Ntoumanis, N. (2007). Development of the Attitudes to Moral Decision-making in Youth Sport Questionnaire (AMDYSQ). Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8(3), 369-392. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2006.12.002
Lucidi, F., Zelli, A., Mallia, L., Nicolais, G., Lazuras, L., & Hagger, M. S. (2017). Moral attitudes predict cheating and gamesmanship behaviors among competitive tennis players. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 571.
Marschall, D., Sanftner, J., & Tangney, J. P. (1994). The state shame and guilt scale. Fairfax, VA: George Mason University.
Nicholls, A. R., Madigan, D. J., Duncan, L., Hallward, L., Lazuras, L., Bingham, K., & Fairs, L. R. (2020). Cheater, cheater, pumpkin eater: the dark triad, attitudes towards doping, and cheating behaviour among athletes. European Journal of Sport Science, 20(8), 1124-1130.
Pletti, C., Lotto, L., Tasso, A., & Sarlo, M. (2016). Will I regret it? Anticipated negative emotions modulate choices in moral dilemmas. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 1918.
Preacher, K. J., & Kelley, K. (2011). Effect size measures for mediation models: quantitative strategies for communicating indirect effects. Psychological Methods, 16(2), 93-115. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0022658
Reddiford, G. (1998). Cheating and self-deception in sport. Ethics and sport, 225-239.
Ring, C., & Kavussanu, M. (2018). The impact of achievement goals on cheating in sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 35, 98-103.
Ring, C., Kavussanu, M., & Mazanov, J. (2019). Self-other judgments of doping likelihood and anticipated guilt in hypothetical situations. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 41, 46-53.
Roese, N. J., & Olson, J. M. (1995). Counterfactual thinking: A critical overview. What might have been: The social psychology of counterfactual thinking, 1-55.
Ruedy, N. E., Moore, C., Gino, F., & Schweitzer, M. E. (2013). The cheater’s high: The unexpected affective benefits of unethical behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 105(4), 531.
Sage, L., Kavussanu, M., & Duda, J. (2006). Goal orientations and moral identity as predictors of prosocial and antisocial functioning in male association football players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24(05), 455-466. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410500244531
Sarstedt, M., & Wilczynski, P. (2009). More for less? A comparison of single-item and multi-item measures. Die Betriebswirtschaft, 69(2), 211.
Shields, D. L., Funk, C. D., & Bredemeier, B. L. (2018). Relationships among moral and contesting variables and prosocial and antisocial behavior in sport. Journal of Moral Education, 47(1), 17-33.
Stanger, N., & Backhouse, S. (2020). A multi-study cross-sectional and experimental examination into the interactive effects of moral identity and moral disengagement on doping. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2019-0097
Stanger, N., Kavussanu, M., Boardley, I. D., & Ring, C. (2013). The influence of moral disengagement and negative emotion on antisocial sport behavior. Sport, exercise, and performance psychology, 2(2), 117-129. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0030585
Thomas, S., Reading, J., & Shephard, R. J. (1992). Revision of the physical activity readiness questionnaire (PAR-Q). Canadian Journal of Sport Sciences.
Thornton, M. A., & Rupp, D. E. (2016). The joint effects of justice climate, group moral identity, and corporate social responsibility on the prosocial and deviant behaviors of groups. Journal of Business Ethics, 137(4), 677-697.
TIU. (2020). About the Tennis Integrity Unit. https://www.tennisintegrityunit.com/about-tiu
Walker, L. J. (2014). Moral personality, motivation, and identity. Handbook of moral development, 497-519.
Zeelenberg, M., & Breugelmans, S. M. (2008). The role of interpersonal harm in distinguishing regret from guilt. Emotion, 8(5), 589.