The development and preliminary validation of the Challenge and Threat in Sport (CAT-Sport) Scale
Rossato, C., Uphill, M., Swain, J. and Coleman, D. 2016. The development and preliminary validation of the Challenge and Threat in Sport (CAT-Sport) Scale. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology.
|Authors||Rossato, C., Uphill, M., Swain, J. and Coleman, D.|
This paper outlines the development and preliminary validation of a sport-specific measure of athletes’ experience of challenge and threat. Three independent studies assess the content validity, factor structure, criterion validity and internal consistency of the Challenge and Threat in Sport (CAT-Sport) Scale. In study 1, a group of 25 athletes and two experts assessed the content validity of items derived from existing measures of challenge and threat. Participants examined a pool of 25 items, and were asked to rate the items’ applicability to their experiences of challenge and threat in sport. Items failing to reach applicability of 50% were excluded from further analysis. In study 2, 197 runners completed the 21 items retained from study 1 before competition. A principal components analysis with an oblique, direct oblimin rotation yielded a 12-item, two component solution with items indicative of athletes’ experiences of challenge and threat. In study 3, 201 shooters completed the 12-item CAT-Sport before competition. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that a 12-item 2-factor correlated model provided acceptable model fit with good internal consistency and criterion validity. Collectively these studies provide support for the CAT-Sport as a measure of athletes’ experience of challenge and threat in anticipation of sport competition.
|Journal||International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology|
|Publisher||Taylor & Francis|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1080/1612197X.2016.1182571|
|Online||16 Jun 2016|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||09 Jun 2016|
|Accepted||15 Apr 2016|
|Submitted||10 Mar 2015|
|Accepted author manuscript|
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