Moral values and moral identity moderate the indirect relationship between sport supplement use and doping use via sport supplement beliefs

Journal article


Hurst, P., Ring, Christopher and Kavussanu, Maria 2022. Moral values and moral identity moderate the indirect relationship between sport supplement use and doping use via sport supplement beliefs. Journal of Sports Sciences. 40 (10), pp. 1160-1167. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2022.2053387
AuthorsHurst, P., Ring, Christopher and Kavussanu, Maria
AbstractThe Incremental Model of Doping Behaviour suggests doping grows out of the habitual use of performance-enhancing methods (e.g., sport supplements) and belief that they are necessary for performance. Importantly, in this model, doping is viewed as functional rather than moral choice. In two studies, we examined whether sport supplement use was indirectly related to doping use via sport supplement beliefs, and whether personal morality moderated this relationship. Competitive athletes (Study 1, N = 366; Study 2, N = 200) completed measures of supplement use, beliefs, and doping use. They also completed measures of moral values (Study 1) and moral identity (Study 2). In both studies, supplement use was indirectly related to doping use via beliefs. Moreover, this indirect relationship was moderated by moral values (Study 1) and moral identity (Study 2). That is, the relationship between supplement use and doping use via beliefs was negated when moral values and moral identity were high but not when they were low or moderate. Taken together, our findings suggest that sport supplement users, who believe they are necessary, are more likely to dope if they have low moral values and believe that being a moral person is unimportant to their self-image.
KeywordsPhysical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation; Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Year2022
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Journal citation40 (10), pp. 1160-1167
PublisherInforma UK Limited
ISSN0264-0414
1466-447X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2022.2053387
Funderfunding
Publication dates
Online18 Mar 2022
Print19 May 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted11 Mar 2022
Deposited23 Mar 2022
Publisher's version
License
Output statusPublished
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