Baseline mitral regurgitation predicts outcome in patients referred for dobutamine stress echocardiography
O'Driscoll, J., Gargallo-Fernandez, P., Araco, M., Perez-Lopez, M. and Sharma, R. 2017. Baseline mitral regurgitation predicts outcome in patients referred for dobutamine stress echocardiography. International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging.
|Authors||O'Driscoll, J., Gargallo-Fernandez, P., Araco, M., Perez-Lopez, M. and Sharma, R.|
Purpose: A number of parameters recorded during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) are associated with worse outcome. However, the relative importance of baseline mitral regurgitation (MR) is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated implications of functional MR with long-term mortality in a large cohort of patients referred for DSE.
Methods: 6745 patients (mean age 64.9±12.2 years) were studied. Demographic, baseline and peak DSE data were collected. All-cause mortality was retrospectively analyzed. DSE was successfully completed in all patients with no adverse outcomes.
Results: MR was present in 1019 (15.1%) patients. During a mean follow up of 5.1±1.8 years, 1642 (24.3%) patients died and MR was significantly associated with increased all-cause mortality (p<0.001). With Kaplan-Meier analysis, survival was significantly worse for patients with moderate and severe MR (p<0.001). With multivariate Cox regression analysis, moderate and severe MR (HR 2.78; 95% CI 2.17 - 3.57; and HR 3.62; 95% CI 2.89 - 4.53, respectively) were independently associated with all-cause mortality. The addition of MR to C statistic models significantly improved discrimination.
Conclusions: MR is associated with all-cause mortality and adds incremental prognostic information among patients referred for DSE. The presence of MR should be taken into account when evaluating the prognostic significance of DSE results.
|Keywords||Dobutamine stress; mitral regurgitation; prognosis|
|Journal||International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1007/s10554-017-1163-6|
|Online||06 Jul 2017|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||10 Jul 2017|
|Accepted||06 May 2017|
|Accepted author manuscript|
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