Speckle tracking echocardiography: new ways of translational approaches in preeclampsia to detect cardiovascular dysfunction
Kraker, K., Schutte, T., O'Driscoll, J., Birukov, A., Patey, O., Herse, F., Muller, D.N., Thilaganathan, B., Haase, N. and Dechend, R. 2020. Speckle tracking echocardiography: new ways of translational approaches in preeclampsia to detect cardiovascular dysfunction. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 21 (3).
|Authors||Kraker, K., Schutte, T., O'Driscoll, J., Birukov, A., Patey, O., Herse, F., Muller, D.N., Thilaganathan, B., Haase, N. and Dechend, R.|
Several studies have shown that women with a preeclamptic pregnancy exhibit an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are unknown. Animal models are essential to investigate the causes of this increased risk and have the ability to assess possible preventive and therapeutic interventions. Using the latest technologies such as speckle tracking echocardiography (STE), it is feasible to map subclinical changes in cardiac diastolic and systolic function as well as structural changes of the maternal heart. The aim of this work is to compare cardiovascular changes in an established transgenic rat model with preeclampsia-like pregnancies with findings from human preeclamptic pregnancies by STE. The same algorithms were used to evaluate and compare the changes in echos of human and rodents. Parameters of functionality like global longitudinal strain (animal -23.54 ± 1.82 % vs. -13.79 ± 0.57 %, human -20.60 ± 0.47 % vs. -15.45 ± 1.55 %) as well as indications of morphological changes like relative wall thickness (animal 0.20 ± 0.01 vs. 0.25 ± 0.01, human 0.34 ± 0.01 vs. 0.40 ± 0.02) are significantly altered in both species after preeclamptic pregnancies. Thus, the described rat model simulates the human situation quite well and is a valuable tool for future investigations regarding cardiovascular changes. STE is a unique technique which can be applied in animal models and human with a high potential to uncover cardiovascular maladaptation and subtle pathologies.
|Keywords||Preeclampsia; pregnancy; speckle tracking echocardiography; cardiovascular dysfunction; animal models of human disease|
|Journal||International Journal of Molecular Sciences|
|Journal citation||21 (3)|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.3390/ijms21031162|
|Online||10 Feb 2020|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||03 Feb 2020|
|Deposited||18 Feb 2020|
|Accepted author manuscript|
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