Planned delivery to improve postpartum cardiac function in women with preterm pre-eclampsia: the PHOEBE mechanisms of action study within the PHOENIX RCT

Journal article


McCarthy, F., O'Driscoll, J., Seed, P., Brockbank, A., Cox, A., Gill, C., Green, M., Marber, M., Poston, L., Placzek, A., Shennan, A., Sparkes, J., Leeson, P., Thilaganathan, B. and Chappell, L. Planned delivery to improve postpartum cardiac function in women with preterm pre-eclampsia: the PHOEBE mechanisms of action study within the PHOENIX RCT. Efficacy and Mechanism Evaluation. 8 (12), pp. 1-28. https://doi.org/10.3310/eme08120
AuthorsMcCarthy, F., O'Driscoll, J., Seed, P., Brockbank, A., Cox, A., Gill, C., Green, M., Marber, M., Poston, L., Placzek, A., Shennan, A., Sparkes, J., Leeson, P., Thilaganathan, B. and Chappell, L.
AbstractBackground Women whose pregnancies are affected by hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, in particular preterm pre-eclampsia, are at increased risk of long-term cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Objectives To investigate the hypothesis that prolongation of a pregnancy affected by preterm pre-eclampsia managed by expectant management compared with planned early delivery would result in worse cardiovascular function 6 months postpartum. Design A randomised controlled trial. Setting 28 maternity hospitals in England and Wales. Participants Women who were eligible for the Pre-eclampsia in HOspital: Early iNductIon or eXpectant management (PHOENIX) study were approached and recruited for the PHOEBE study. The PHOENIX (Pre-eclampsia in HOspital: Early iNductIon or eXpectant management) study was a parallel-group, non-masked, multicentre, randomised controlled trial that was carried out in 46 maternity units across England and Wales. This study compared planned early delivery with expectant management (usual care) with individual randomisation in women with late preterm pre-eclampsia who were 34 weeks’ gestation to less than 37 weeks’ gestation and having a singleton or dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy. Interventions Postpartum follow-up included medical history, blood pressure assessment and echocardiography. All women had blood sampling performed on at least two time points from recruitment to the 6-month follow-up for assessment of cardiac necrosis markers. Main outcome measures Primary outcome was a composite of systolic and/or diastolic dysfunction (originally by 2009 guidelines then updated by 2016 guidelines, with an amended definition of diastolic dysfunction). Analyses were by intention to treat, together with a per-protocol analysis for the primary and secondary outcomes. Results Between 27 April 2016 and 30 November 2018, 623 women were found to be eligible, of whom 420 (67%) were recruited across 28 maternity units in England and Wales. A total of 133 women were allocated to planned delivery, 137 women were allocated to expectant management and a further 150 received non-randomised expectant management within usual care. The mean time from enrolment to delivery was 2.5 (standard deviation 1.9) days in the planned delivery group compared with 6.8 (standard deviation 5.3) days in the expectant management group. There were no differences in the primary outcome between women in the planned delivery group and those in the expectant management group using either the 2009 (risk ratio 1.06, 95% confidence interval 0.80 to 1.40) or the 2016 definition (risk ratio 0.78, 95% confidence interval 0.33 to 1.86). Overall, 10% (31/321) of women had a left ventricular ejection fraction < 55% and 71% of the cohort remained hypertensive at 6 months postpartum. No differences were observed between groups in cardiorespiratory outcomes prior to discharge from hospital or in systolic or diastolic blood pressure measurements. Variables associated with the primary outcome (2009 definition) at 6 months postpartum were maternal body mass index (adjusted odds ratio 1.33 per 5 kg/m2, 95% confidence interval 1.12 to 1.59 per 5 kg/m2) and maternal age (adjusted odds ratio 2.16, 95% confidence interval 1.44 to 3.22 per 10 years). Limitations include changing definitions regarding systolic and/or diastolic dysfunction. Conclusions Preterm pre-eclampsia results in persistence of hypertension in the majority of women with late preterm pre-eclampsia at 6 months postpartum and systolic dysfunction in 10%. Pre-eclampsia should not be considered a self-limiting disease of pregnancy alone. Future work Interventions aimed at reducing cardiovascular dysfunction. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN01879376. Funding This project was funded by the Efficacy and Mechanism Evaluation (EME) programme, a Medical Research Council and National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) partnership. This will be published in full in Efficacy and Mechanism Evaluation; Vol. 8, No. 12. See the NIHR Journals Library website for further project information.
KeywordsPregancy; Birth; Pre-eclampsia
JournalEfficacy and Mechanism Evaluation
Journal citation8 (12), pp. 1-28
PublisherNational Institute for Health Research
ISSN2050-4365
2050-4373
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3310/eme08120
Official URLhttps://www.journalslibrary.nihr.ac.uk/eme/eme08120#/full-report
FunderEfficacy and Mechanism Evaluation programme
Medical Research Council
Publication dates
PrintSep 2021
Publication process dates
Deposited23 Sep 2021
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Permalink -

https://repository.canterbury.ac.uk/item/8yvw3/planned-delivery-to-improve-postpartum-cardiac-function-in-women-with-preterm-pre-eclampsia-the-phoebe-mechanisms-of-action-study-within-the-phoenix-rct

Download files


Publisher's version
Efficacy and Mechanisms Evaluation.pdf
License: CC BY 4.0
File access level: Open

  • 5
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 3
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Peripartum echocardiographic changes in women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.
Giorgione, V., O'Driscoll, J, Coutinho, C., Di Fabrizio, C, Sharma, R, Khalil, A. and Thilaganathan, B. 2021. Peripartum echocardiographic changes in women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology. https://doi.org/10.1002/uog.23745
Risk of atrial fibrillation in athletes: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Newman, William, Parry-Williams, Gemma, Wiles, Jonathan, Edwards, Jamie, Hulbert, Sabina, Kipourou, Konstantina, Papadakis, Michael, Sharma, Rajan and O'Driscoll, J. 2021. Risk of atrial fibrillation in athletes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine. https://doi.org/bjsports-2021-103994
Multicenter cohort study, with a nested randomized comparison, to examine the cardiovascular impact of preterm preeclampsia
McCarthy, F.P., O'Driscoll, J., Seed, P.T., Placzek, A., Gill, C., Sparkes, J., Poston, L., Marber, M., Shennan, A.H., Thilaganathan, B., Leeson, P. and Chappell, L.C. 2021. Multicenter cohort study, with a nested randomized comparison, to examine the cardiovascular impact of preterm preeclampsia. Hypertension. https://doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.121.17171
Validity and reliability of RPE as a measure of intensity during isometric wall squat exercise
Lea, J., O'Driscoll, J., Coleman, D. and Wiles, J. 2021. Validity and reliability of RPE as a measure of intensity during isometric wall squat exercise. Journal of Clinical and Translational Research. 7 (2). https://doi.org//10.18053/jctres.07.202102.007
Validity and reliability of the ‘Isometric Exercise Scale’ (IES) for measuring ratings of perceived exertion during continuous isometric exercise
Lea, J., O'Driscoll, J., Coleman, D. and Wiles, J. 2021. Validity and reliability of the ‘Isometric Exercise Scale’ (IES) for measuring ratings of perceived exertion during continuous isometric exercise. Scientific Reports. 11 (5334). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-84803-8
Real-world performance and accuracy of stress echocardiography: The EVAREST observational multi-centre study
Woodward, W., Dockerill, C., McCourt, A., Upton, R., O'Driscoll, J., Balkhausen, K., Chandrasekaran, B., Firoozan, S., Kardos, A., Wong, K., Woodward, G., Sarwar, R., Sabharwal, N., Benedetto, E., Spagou, N., Sharma, R., Augustine, D., Tsiachristas, A., Senior, R. and Leeson, P. 2021. Real-world performance and accuracy of stress echocardiography: The EVAREST observational multi-centre study. European Heart Journal: Cardiovascular Imaging. https://doi.org/10.1093/ehjci/jeab092
Continuous cardiac autonomic and haemodynamic responses to isometric exercise in females
O'Driscoll, J., Boucher, C., Vilda, M., Taylor, K. and Wiles, J. 2020. Continuous cardiac autonomic and haemodynamic responses to isometric exercise in females. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-020-04525-z
Ambulatory blood pressure adaptations to high-intensity interval training: a randomized controlled study
Edwards, J.J., Taylor, K.A., Cottam, C., Jalaludeen, N., Coleman, D.A., Wiles, J.D., Sharma, R. and O'Driscoll, J.M. 2020. Ambulatory blood pressure adaptations to high-intensity interval training: a randomized controlled study. Journal of Hypertension. https://doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0000000000002630
Centre of pressure, vertical ground reaction forces and neuromuscular responses of special-forces soldiers to 43km load carriage in the field
Scales, J., O'Driscoll, J., Coleman, D., Giannoglou, D, Gkougkoulis, I, Ntontis, I, Zisopoulou, C and Brown, M. 2020. Centre of pressure, vertical ground reaction forces and neuromuscular responses of special-forces soldiers to 43km load carriage in the field. Journal of Applied Biomechanics.
Left atrial mechanics and aortic stiffness following high intensity interval training: a randomised controlled study
Jalaludeen, N., Bull, S., Taylor, K. A., Wiles, J., Coleman, D., Mukhtar, O., Cheriyan, J., Wilkinson, I.B., Sharma, R. and O'Driscoll, J. 2020. Left atrial mechanics and aortic stiffness following high intensity interval training: a randomised controlled study. European Journal of Applied Physiology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-020-04416-3
Left atrial mechanics and aortic stiffness following high intensity interval training: a randomised controlled study [Abstract]
Jalaludeen, N., Bull, S., Taylor, K. A., Wiles, J., Coleman, D., Mukhtar, O., Cheriyan, J., Wilkinson, I.B., Sharma, R. and O'Driscoll, J. 2020. Left atrial mechanics and aortic stiffness following high intensity interval training: a randomised controlled study [Abstract]. European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging. 21 (1). https://doi.org/10.1093/ehjci/jez319.221
Differentiation between athlete’s heart and dilated cardiomyopathy in athletic individuals
Millar, L. M., Fanton, Z., Finnochiaro, G., Sanchez-Fernandez, G., Dhutia, H., Malhotra, A., Merghani, A., Papadakis, M., Behr, E. R., Bunce, N., Oxborough, D., Reed, M., O'Driscoll, J., Tome Esteban, M. T., D'Silva, A., Carr-White, G., Sharma, R. and Sharma, S. 2020. Differentiation between athlete’s heart and dilated cardiomyopathy in athletic individuals. Heart. https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2019-316147
The impact of demographic, anthropometric and athletic characteristics on left atrial size in athletes.
O'Driscoll, J. and Christou, G. 2020. The impact of demographic, anthropometric and athletic characteristics on left atrial size in athletes. Clinical Cardiology. 43 (8), pp. 834-842. https://doi.org/10.1002/clc.23368
Speckle tracking echocardiography: new ways of translational approaches in preeclampsia to detect cardiovascular dysfunction
Kraker, K., Schutte, T., O'Driscoll, J., Birukov, A., Patey, O., Herse, F., Muller, D.N., Thilaganathan, B., Haase, N. and Dechend, R. 2020. Speckle tracking echocardiography: new ways of translational approaches in preeclampsia to detect cardiovascular dysfunction. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 21 (3). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21031162
Challenge and threat: a critical review of the literature and an alternative conceptualization
Uphill, M., Rossato, C., Swain, J. and O'Driscoll, J. 2019. Challenge and threat: a critical review of the literature and an alternative conceptualization. Frontiers in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01255
Cardiac structure and function after revascularization versus medical therapy for renal artery stenosis: the ASTRAL heart echocardiographic sub-study
Green, D., Vassallo, D., Handley, K., Ives, N., Wheatley, K., Chrysochou, C., Hegarty, J., Wright, J., Moss, J., Patel, R., Deighan, C., Webster, J., Rowe, P., Carr, S., Cross, J., O'Driscoll, J., Sharma, R., Mark, P. and Kalra, P. 2019. Cardiac structure and function after revascularization versus medical therapy for renal artery stenosis: the ASTRAL heart echocardiographic sub-study. BMC Nephrology. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12882-019-1406-y
Characteristics of torque production of the lower limb are significantly altered after 2 hours of treadmill load carriage
Scales, J., Coleman, D., O'Driscoll, J. and Brown, M. 2018. Characteristics of torque production of the lower limb are significantly altered after 2 hours of treadmill load carriage. Translational Sports Medicine. 2 (1). https://doi.org/10.1002/tsm2.54
The impact of gestational diabetes on maternal cardiac adaptation to pregnancy.
Buddeberg, B.S., Sharma, R., O'Driscoll, J., Kaelin, A., Khalil, A. and Thilaganathan, B. 2019. The impact of gestational diabetes on maternal cardiac adaptation to pregnancy. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. https://doi.org/10.1002/uog.21941
Statins Reverse Postpartum Cardiovascular Dysfunction in a Rat Model of Preeclampsia
Kräker, Kristin, O’Driscoll, Jamie M., Schütte, Till, Herse, Florian, Patey, Olga, Golic, Michaela, Geisberger, Sabrina, Verlohren, Stefan, Birukov, Anna, Heuser, Arnd, Müller, Dominik N., Thilaganathan, Basky, Dechend, Ralf and Haase, Nadine 2019. Statins Reverse Postpartum Cardiovascular Dysfunction in a Rat Model of Preeclampsia. Hypertension. 75 (1), pp. 202-210. https://doi.org/10.1161/hypertensionaha.119.13219
Left ventricular function and cardiac biomarker release – the influence of exercise intensity, duration and mode: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Donaldson, J., Wiles, J., Coleman, D., Papadakis, M., Sharma, R. and O'Driscoll, J. 2019. Left ventricular function and cardiac biomarker release – the influence of exercise intensity, duration and mode: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01142-5
Cardiac maladaptation in obese pregnancy at term
Buddeberg, B., Sharma, R., O'Driscoll, J., Kaelin Agten, A., Khalil, A. and Thilaganathan, B. 2018. Cardiac maladaptation in obese pregnancy at term. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. https://doi.org/10.1002/uog.20170
A 4-week resistance training intervention improves stability, strength and neuromuscular activity in the lower limb: a case study of a cerebral palsy adult
McManus, A., Bembridge, M., Scales, J., Wiles, J., Coleman, D. and O'Driscoll, J. 2018. A 4-week resistance training intervention improves stability, strength and neuromuscular activity in the lower limb: a case study of a cerebral palsy adult. International Journal of Sports Science & Medicine. 2 (2), pp. 050-055.
Neurohumoral and ambulatory haemodynamic adaptations following isometric exercise training in unmedicated hypertensive patients
Taylor, K., Wiles, J., Coleman, D., Leeson, P., Sharma, R. and O'Driscoll, J. 2018. Neurohumoral and ambulatory haemodynamic adaptations following isometric exercise training in unmedicated hypertensive patients. Journal of Hypertension. https://doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0000000000001922
Cardiac autonomic and left ventricular mechanics following high intensity interval training: a randomised cross-over controlled study.
O'Driscoll, J., Wrigth, S., Taylor, K., Coleman, D., Sharma, R. and Wiles, J. 2018. Cardiac autonomic and left ventricular mechanics following high intensity interval training: a randomised cross-over controlled study. Journal of Applied Physiology. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00056.2018
Cardiac maladaptation in term pregnancies with preeclampsia
Buddeberg, B., Sharma, R., O'Driscoll, J., Kaelin Agten, A., Khalil, A. and Thilaganathan, B. 2018. Cardiac maladaptation in term pregnancies with preeclampsia. Pregnancy Hypertension. 13, pp. 198-203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.preghy.2018.06.015
The safety of isometric exercise: rethinking the exercise prescription paradigm for those with stage 1 hypertension.
Wiles, J., Taylor, K., Coleman, D., Sharma, R. and O'Driscoll, J. 2018. The safety of isometric exercise: rethinking the exercise prescription paradigm for those with stage 1 hypertension. Medicine. 97 (10). https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000010105
An alternative approach to isometric exercise training prescription for cardiovascular health
Wiles, J., Goldring, N., O'Driscoll, J., Taylor, K. and Coleman, D. 2018. An alternative approach to isometric exercise training prescription for cardiovascular health. Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine. 3 (2), pp. 10-18. https://doi.org/10.1249/TJX.0000000000000052
Baseline mitral regurgitation predicts outcome in patients referred for dobutamine stress echocardiography
O'Driscoll, J., Gargallo-Fernandez, P., Araco, M., Perez-Lopez, M. and Sharma, R. 2017. Baseline mitral regurgitation predicts outcome in patients referred for dobutamine stress echocardiography. International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10554-017-1163-6
Blood pressure responses to isometric exercise: safety considerations for exercise prescription
Wiles, J., Taylor, K., Coleman, D., Sharma, R. and O'Driscoll, J. 2017. Blood pressure responses to isometric exercise: safety considerations for exercise prescription.
Ambulatory blood pressure responses to home-based isometric exercise training in pre-hypertensive males
Taylor, K., Wiles, J., Coleman, D., Sharma, R. and O'Driscoll, J. 2017. Ambulatory blood pressure responses to home-based isometric exercise training in pre-hypertensive males.
Cardiac autonomic modulation and high intensity interval training in physically inactive men
O'Driscoll, J., Wright, S., Taylor, K., Coleman, D. and Wiles, J. 2017. Cardiac autonomic modulation and high intensity interval training in physically inactive men.
A higher effort-based paradigm in physical activity and exercise for public health: making the case for a greater emphasis on resistance training
Steele, J., Fisher, J., Skivington, M., Dunn, C., Arnold, J., Tew, G., Batterham, A., Nunan, D., O'Driscoll, J., Mann, S., Beedie, C., Jobson, S., Smith, D., Vigotsky, A., Phillips, S., Estabrooks, P. and Winett, R. 2017. A higher effort-based paradigm in physical activity and exercise for public health: making the case for a greater emphasis on resistance training. BMC Public Health. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4209-8
Continuous cardiac autonomic and haemodynamic responses to isometric exercise in pre-hypertensive males
Taylor, K., Wiles, J., Coleman, D., Sharma, R. and O'Driscoll, J. 2017. Continuous cardiac autonomic and haemodynamic responses to isometric exercise in pre-hypertensive males. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise (MSSE). https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000001271
Acute cardiac functional and mechanical responses to isometric exercise in pre-hypertensive males
O'Driscoll, J., Taylor, K., Wiles, J., Coleman, D. and Sharma, R. 2017. Acute cardiac functional and mechanical responses to isometric exercise in pre-hypertensive males. Physiological Reports. https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.13236
Body mass index mortality paradox in chronic kidney disease patients with suspected cardiac chest pain
O'Driscoll, J., Slee, A. and Sharma, R. 2017. Body mass index mortality paradox in chronic kidney disease patients with suspected cardiac chest pain. Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle Clinical Reports. 2 (1).
Strongman training – Needs analysis and integration into strength and conditioning programming: part 2.
McManus, A., O'Driscoll, J., Coleman, D. and Wiles, J. 2016. Strongman training – Needs analysis and integration into strength and conditioning programming: part 2. Professional Strength & Conditioning. 44, pp. 7-15.
Strongman training – a rationale for its inclusion in strength & conditioning: part 1
McManus, A., Wiles, J., Coleman, D. and O'Driscoll, J. 2016. Strongman training – a rationale for its inclusion in strength & conditioning: part 1. Professional Strength & Conditioning. 43, pp. 7-18.
Acute cardiac autonomic responses to an incremental isometric exercise test in pre-hypertensive males
Taylor, K., Wiles, J., Coleman, D., Sharma, R. and O'Driscoll, J. 2016. Acute cardiac autonomic responses to an incremental isometric exercise test in pre-hypertensive males.
Transthoracic echocardiography provides important long-term prognostic information in selected patients undergoing endovascular abdominal aortic repair
O'Driscoll, J., Bahia, S., Gravina, A., Di Fino, S., Thompson, M., Karthikesalingam, A., Holt, P. and Sharma, R. 2016. Transthoracic echocardiography provides important long-term prognostic information in selected patients undergoing endovascular abdominal aortic repair. Circulation Cardiovascular Imaging. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.115.003557
Reverse left ventricular remodelling - effect of cardiac rehabilitation exercise training in myocardial infarction patients with preserved ejection fraction
McGregor, G., Gaze, D., Oxborough, D., O'Driscoll, J. and Shave, R. 2015. Reverse left ventricular remodelling - effect of cardiac rehabilitation exercise training in myocardial infarction patients with preserved ejection fraction. European Journal of Physcial and Rehabilitation Medicine. 52 (3), pp. 370-378.
The prognostic value of dobutamine stress echocardiography amongst British Indian Asian and Afro-Caribbean patients: a comparison with European white patients
O'Driscoll, J., Rossato, C., Gargallo-Fernandez, P., Araco, M., Giannoglou, D., Sharma, S. and Sharma, R. 2015. The prognostic value of dobutamine stress echocardiography amongst British Indian Asian and Afro-Caribbean patients: a comparison with European white patients. Cardiovascular Ultrasound. 13 (36). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12947-015-0028-1
Non-invasive assessment of the autonomic nervous system
O'Driscoll, J. and Sharma, R. 2015. Non-invasive assessment of the autonomic nervous system. International Journal of Clinical Therapeutics and Diagnosis. 3 (3), pp. 85-91.
Differing autonomic responses to dobutamine stress in the presence and absence of myocardial ischaemia
Sharma, R., O'Driscoll, J., Saha, A., Sritharan, M., Sutton, R. and Rosen, S. 2015. Differing autonomic responses to dobutamine stress in the presence and absence of myocardial ischaemia. The Journal of Physiology. 593 (9), pp. 2171-2184. https://doi.org/10.1113/JP270063
The safety and clinical usefulness of dobutamine stress echocardiography among octogenarians
O'Driscoll, J., Marciniak, A., Ray, K., Schmid, K., Smith, R. and Sharma, R. 2014. The safety and clinical usefulness of dobutamine stress echocardiography among octogenarians. Heart. 2014 (100), pp. 1001-1007. https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2013-305229
The implementation of problem based learning styles to teach the Coach-Athlete relationship to undergraduate Sport and Exercise Science students
Rossato, C. and O'Driscoll, J. 2013. The implementation of problem based learning styles to teach the Coach-Athlete relationship to undergraduate Sport and Exercise Science students. International Journal of Sport Studies. 3, pp. 859-864.
Differing autonomic responses to dobutamine stress in the presence and absence of myocardial ischaemia
Sharma, R., O'Driscoll, J., Bromley, P., Sritharan, M. and Rosen, S. 2008. Differing autonomic responses to dobutamine stress in the presence and absence of myocardial ischaemia.
Dobutamine stress echocardiography accurately detects significant coronary artery disease in Indian Asians living in the United Kingdom
Itam, S., O'Driscoll, J., Milad, E. and Sharma, R. 2008. Dobutamine stress echocardiography accurately detects significant coronary artery disease in Indian Asians living in the United Kingdom.
The effects of a high-protein, paleolithic-type diet on body composition and exercise performance in amateur mixed martial artists
Slee, A., O'Driscoll, J., Burnet, S., Hughes, G. and Chen, M. 2009. The effects of a high-protein, paleolithic-type diet on body composition and exercise performance in amateur mixed martial artists.
Subjective global assessment is an independent predictor of cardiac ischaemia in patients with mild chronic kidney disease
Aldous, G., Sharma, R., O'Driscoll, J., Ashby, D., Tarn, F. and Choi, P. 2010. Subjective global assessment is an independent predictor of cardiac ischaemia in patients with mild chronic kidney disease.
A National Health Service hospital's cardiac rehabilitation programme: a qualitative analysis of provision
O'Driscoll, J., Shave, R. and Cushion, C. 2007. A National Health Service hospital's cardiac rehabilitation programme: a qualitative analysis of provision. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 16 (10), pp. 1908-1918. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2007.01815.x
Inequalities in the training and implementation of cardiac rehabilitation in the United Kingdom
O'Driscoll, J. and Sharma, R. 2009. Inequalities in the training and implementation of cardiac rehabilitation in the United Kingdom. in: Bennington, E. (ed.) Horizons in World Cardiovascular Research Hauppauge, New York Nova Science Publishers.