Identifying the mechanisms of poetry therapy and associated effects on participants: A synthesised review of empirical literature

Journal article


Alfrey, Abigail, Field, Victoria, Xenophontes, Ioanna and Holttum, Sue 2021. Identifying the mechanisms of poetry therapy and associated effects on participants: A synthesised review of empirical literature. The Arts in Psychotherapy. 75, p. 101832. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aip.2021.101832
AuthorsAlfrey, Abigail, Field, Victoria, Xenophontes, Ioanna and Holttum, Sue
AbstractPoetry therapy is a promising but heterogeneous and under-evidenced form of creative arts therapy. Theories of change have been proffered but are model-specific and poorly evidenced in the empirical literature. The aim of this paper, then, was to provide a united understanding of how poetry therapy operates to guide future research and practice. To do this, empirical literature exploring mechanisms of poetry therapy across theoretical traditions was systematically retrieved, reviewed, and synthesised. A systematic search of six databases yielded 554 papers, of which 14 met the inclusion criteria, spanning individual and group approaches. Mechanisms and effects were extracted and synthesised into a governing framework and logic model, and stakeholder consultation was used to validate results. In total, 25 primary mechanisms and 54 associated effects were identified. These were synthesised into a logic model characterised by five primary tasks: Engaging, Feeling, Exploring, Connecting, and Transferring (“EFECT”). These tasks were associated with multifarious benefits, apparently impacting cognitive, emotional and behavioural domains. Future research could now seek to test this model empirically. It might then be used to guide a united, rigorous research programme, helping to bring poetry therapy into evidence-based policy and practice.
KeywordsPoetry therapy; Logic model; Mechanism; Effect
Year2021
JournalThe Arts in Psychotherapy
Journal citation75, p. 101832
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0197-4556
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aip.2021.101832
Official URLhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0197455621000770
Publication dates
Online30 Jun 2021
PrintSep 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted27 Jun 2021
Deposited06 Sep 2021
Accepted author manuscript
License
Output statusPublished
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Holttum, S. 2019. Research watch: mental health services supporting social inclusion. Mental Health and Social Inclusion. 23 (4), pp. 149-155. https://doi.org/10.1108/MHSI-08-2019-0022
Processes in an experience-based co-design project with family carers in community mental health
Chisholm, L., Holttum, S. and Springham, N. 2018. Processes in an experience-based co-design project with family carers in community mental health. SAGE Open. 8 (4), pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244018809220
Evaluation of arts based courses within a UK recovery college for people with mental health challenges
Stevens, J., Butterfield, C., Whittington, A. and Holttum, S. 2018. Evaluation of arts based courses within a UK recovery college for people with mental health challenges. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 15. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061170
An exploration of young people’s narratives of hope following experience of psychosis
Bonnett, V., Berry, C., Meddings, S. and Holttum, S. 2018. An exploration of young people’s narratives of hope following experience of psychosis. Psychosis: Psychological, Social and Integrative Approaches. 10 (2). https://doi.org/10.1080/17522439.2018.1460393
‘I can see it and I can feel it, but I can’t put my finger on it’: A Foucauldian discourse analysis of experiences of relating on psychiatric inpatient units
Cheetham, J., Holttum, S., Springham, N. and Butt, K. 2017. ‘I can see it and I can feel it, but I can’t put my finger on it’: A Foucauldian discourse analysis of experiences of relating on psychiatric inpatient units. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory Research and Practice. 2017. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12162
Mindfulness practice following mindfulness-based cognitive therapy
Jones, F., Langdon, S., Hutton, J. and Holttum, S. 2017. Mindfulness practice following mindfulness-based cognitive therapy.
Processes of change in school-based art therapy with children: a systematic qualitative study
Deboys, R., Holttum, S. and Wright, K. 2016. Processes of change in school-based art therapy with children: a systematic qualitative study. International Journal of Art Therapy. 21 (3), pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1080/17454832.2016.1262882
Art therapy-based groups for work-related stress with staff in health and social care: an exploratory study
Huet, V. and Holttum, S. 2016. Art therapy-based groups for work-related stress with staff in health and social care: an exploratory study. The Arts in Psychotherapy. 50, pp. 46-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aip.2016.06.003
Dyslexia: is it genetic and what does this mean for social inclusion?
Holttum, S. 2016. Dyslexia: is it genetic and what does this mean for social inclusion? Mental Health and Social Inclusion. 20 (4), pp. 202-207. https://doi.org/10.1108/MHSI-08-2016-0024
How included are mental health service users in decisions about their medication?
Holttum, S. 2016. How included are mental health service users in decisions about their medication? Mental Health and Social Inclusion. 20 (3), pp. 141-148. https://doi.org/10.1108/MHSI-05-2016-0015
Aims for service user involvement in mental health training: staying human
Lea, L., Holttum, S., Cooke, A. and Riley, L. 2016. Aims for service user involvement in mental health training: staying human. The Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice. 11 (4), pp. 208-219. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMHTEP-01-2016-0008
Predictors of IAPT psychological well-being practitioners’ intention to use CBT self-help materials routinely in their clinical practice
Levy, M., Holttum, S., Dooley, J. and Ononaiye, M. 2016. Predictors of IAPT psychological well-being practitioners’ intention to use CBT self-help materials routinely in their clinical practice. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist. 9 (11). https://doi.org/10.1017/S1754470X16000076
Do computers increase older people’s inclusion and wellbeing?
Holttum, S. 2015. Do computers increase older people’s inclusion and wellbeing? Mental Health and Social Inclusion. 20 (1), pp. 6-11. https://doi.org/10.1108/MHSI-11-2015-0041
Mental health, human rights and social inclusion for adults and children
Holttum, S. 2016. Mental health, human rights and social inclusion for adults and children. Mental Health and Social Inclusion. 20 (2), pp. 67-73. https://doi.org/10.1108/MHSI-02-2016-0008
School inclusion for children with mental health difficulties
Holttum, S. 2015. School inclusion for children with mental health difficulties. Mental Health and Social Inclusion. 19 (4), pp. 161-168. https://doi.org/10.1108/MHSI-08-2015-0030
Coping with cognitive behaviour therapy for psychosis, adapting it for another culture, and community inclusion
Holttum, S. 2015. Coping with cognitive behaviour therapy for psychosis, adapting it for another culture, and community inclusion. Mental Health and Social Inclusion. 19 (3), pp. 107-113. https://doi.org/10.1108/MHSI-05-2015-0018
Students, inclusion, help-seeking and compassionate caring
Holttum, S. 2015. Students, inclusion, help-seeking and compassionate caring. Mental Health and Social Inclusion. 19 (2), pp. 61-67. https://doi.org/10.1108/MHSI-03-2015-0010
Do clinicians and clinical researchers do enough to foster social inclusion?
Holttum, S. 2015. Do clinicians and clinical researchers do enough to foster social inclusion? Mental Health and Social Inclusion. 19 (1), pp. 5-11. https://doi.org/10.1108/MHSI-11-2014-0039
How do “mental health professionals” who are also or have been “mental health service users” construct their identities?
Holttum, S., Richards, J. and Springham, N. 2016. How do “mental health professionals” who are also or have been “mental health service users” construct their identities? SAGE Open. 2016, pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244015621348
Reaching a UK consensus on art therapy for people with a diagnosis of a psychotic disorder using the Delphi method
Holttum, S., Huet, V. and Wright, Tim 2016. Reaching a UK consensus on art therapy for people with a diagnosis of a psychotic disorder using the Delphi method. International Journal of Art Therapy. 22 (1), pp. 35-44. https://doi.org/10.1080/17454832.2016.1257647
Development of a measure of caregiver burden in paediatric chronic kidney disease: the Paediatric Renal Caregiver Burden Scale
Parham, R., Jacyna, N., Horthi, D., Marks, S., Holttum, S. and Camic, P. 2014. Development of a measure of caregiver burden in paediatric chronic kidney disease: the Paediatric Renal Caregiver Burden Scale. Journal of Health Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105314524971
The process of engaging in mindfulness-based cognitive therapy as a partnership: a grounded theory study
Smith, E., Jones, F., Holttum, S. and Griffiths, K. 2014. The process of engaging in mindfulness-based cognitive therapy as a partnership: a grounded theory study. Mindfulness.
Testing a model of research intention among U.K. clinical psychologists: a logistic regression analysis
Eke, G., Holttum, S. and Hayward, M. 2012. Testing a model of research intention among U.K. clinical psychologists: a logistic regression analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 68 (3), pp. 263-278. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.20860
Gender identity, research self-efficacy and research intention in trainee clinical psychologists in the UK
Wright, A. and Holttum, S. 2010. Gender identity, research self-efficacy and research intention in trainee clinical psychologists in the UK. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. 19 (1), pp. 46-56. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.732
Mechanisms of collaboration to support social interaction in ASC
Holttum, S., Yuill, N., Carr, A. and Kreitmayer, S. 2012. Mechanisms of collaboration to support social interaction in ASC.
Quality improvement projects: an introduction
Holttum, S., Raval, H. and Sperlinger, D. 2003. Quality improvement projects: an introduction. Clinical Psychology: Training, Research and Development. 1 (2), pp. 4-8.
A grounded-theory study of mindfulness practice following mindfulness-based cognitive therapy
Langdon, S., Jones, F., Hutton, J. and Holttum, S. 2011. A grounded-theory study of mindfulness practice following mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. Mindfulness. 2 (4), pp. 270-281. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-011-0070-5
A grounded theory investigation of life experience and the role of social support for adolescent offspring after parental brain injury
Moreno-Lopez, A., Holttum, S. and Oddy, M. 2011. A grounded theory investigation of life experience and the role of social support for adolescent offspring after parental brain injury. Brain Injury. 25 (12), pp. 1221-1233. https://doi.org/10.3109/02699052.2011.608205
Involving service users and carers in clinical psychology training
Goodbody, L. and Holttum, S. 2007. Involving service users and carers in clinical psychology training.
Service user and carer involvement in clinical psychology doctoral training: Training as a professional and remaining human
Holttum, S. 2009. Service user and carer involvement in clinical psychology doctoral training: Training as a professional and remaining human.
Research watch
Holttum, S. 2011. Research watch. Mental Health and Social Inclusion. 15 (1), pp. 7-11. https://doi.org/10.5042/mhsi.2011.0052
From student to service user to research lecturer on a clinical psychology programme: a personal view on why clinical psychology training needs service user involvement
Holttum, S. 2010. From student to service user to research lecturer on a clinical psychology programme: a personal view on why clinical psychology training needs service user involvement. Clinical Psychology Forum. 209, pp. 39-41.
Small-scale placement-based research in clinical psychology training: the role of qualitative methods
Holttum, S. and Lavender, T. 2001. Small-scale placement-based research in clinical psychology training: the role of qualitative methods. Clinical Psychology. 5, pp. 27-31.
Express yourself? Research in brief
Holttum, S. 1998. Express yourself? Research in brief. The Psychologist. 11 (6), pp. 296-296.
Is abstinence from alcohol dangerous? Research in brief
Holttum, S. 1998. Is abstinence from alcohol dangerous? Research in brief. The Psychologist. 11 (4), p. 186.
An investigation of the impact of training social workers and their managers
Duffy, T., Holttum, S. and Keegan, M. 1998. An investigation of the impact of training social workers and their managers. Alcoholism. 34 (1-2), pp. 93-104.
Personality style, psychological adaptation and expectations of trainee clinical psychologists
Brooks, J., Holttum, S. and Lavender, T. 2002. Personality style, psychological adaptation and expectations of trainee clinical psychologists. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. 9 (4), pp. 253-270. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.318
Determinants of quality of life in black African women with HIV living in London
Onwumere, J., Holttum, S. and Hirst, F. 2002. Determinants of quality of life in black African women with HIV living in London. Psychology, Health and Medicine. 7 (1), pp. 61-74. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548500120101568
The relationship between acceptance and cognitive representations of pain in participants of a pain management programme
Rankin, H. and Holttum, S. 2003. The relationship between acceptance and cognitive representations of pain in participants of a pain management programme. Psychology, Health and Medicine. 8 (3), pp. 329-334. https://doi.org/10.1080/1354850031000135768
Factors influencing levels of research activity in clinical psychologists: a new model
Holttum, S. and Goble, L. 2006. Factors influencing levels of research activity in clinical psychologists: a new model. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy. 13 (5), pp. 339-351. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.501
Perceived improvements in service user involvement in two clinical psychology training courses
Holttum, S. and Hayward, M. 2010. Perceived improvements in service user involvement in two clinical psychology training courses. Psychology Learning & Teaching. 9 (1), pp. 16-24. https://doi.org/10.2304/plat.2010.9.1.16
WAIS III UK: an extension of the UK comparability study
Wycherley, R., Lavender, T., Holttum, S., Crawford, J. and Mockler, D. 2005. WAIS III UK: an extension of the UK comparability study. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. 44 (2), pp. 279-288. https://doi.org/10.1348/014466505X29440
Children's explanations of aggressive incidents at school within an attribution framework
Joscelyne, T. and Holttum, S. 2006. Children's explanations of aggressive incidents at school within an attribution framework. Child and Adolescent Mental Health. 11 (2), pp. 104-110. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-3588.2006.00397.x
How do women experience myocardial infarction? A qualitative exploration of illness perceptions, adjustment and coping
White, J., Hunter, M. and Holttum, S. 2007. How do women experience myocardial infarction? A qualitative exploration of illness perceptions, adjustment and coping. Psychology, Health and Medicine. 12 (3), pp. 278-288. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548500600971288
Reflections on involving service users and carers in clinical psychology training
Holttum, S. 2008. Reflections on involving service users and carers in clinical psychology training. The Higher Education Academy Psychology Network Newsletter. 48, pp. 2-3.
Perceived changes associated with autogenic training for anxiety: a grounded theory study
Yurdakul, L., Holttum, S. and Bowden, A. 2009. Perceived changes associated with autogenic training for anxiety: a grounded theory study. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory Research and Practice. 82 (4), pp. 403-419. https://doi.org/10.1348/147608309X444749
Comparative clinical feasibility study of three tools for delivery of cognitive behavioural therapy for mild to moderate depression and anxiety, provided on a self-help basis
Pittaway, S., Cupitt, C., Palmer, D., Arowobusoye, N., Milne, R., Holttum, S., Pezet, R. and Patrik, H. 2009. Comparative clinical feasibility study of three tools for delivery of cognitive behavioural therapy for mild to moderate depression and anxiety, provided on a self-help basis. Mental Health in Family Medicine. 6 (3), pp. 145-154.