Bringing critical realism to nursing practice: Roy Bhaskar's contribution

Journal article


Williams, L., Rycroft-Malone, J. and Burton, C. 2016. Bringing critical realism to nursing practice: Roy Bhaskar's contribution. nursing philosophy: an international journal for healthcare professionals. 18 (2). https://doi.org/10.1111/nup.12130
AuthorsWilliams, L., Rycroft-Malone, J. and Burton, C.
Abstract

In the context of modern nursing practice that is embedded within complex social situations, critical discussions about the contribution of major philosophers are relevant and important. Whilst nurse theorists have advanced and shaped nursing as a discipline, other major philosophers can offer much to advance nursing enquiry. In this paper, we focus on philosopher Roy Bhaskar who, amongst others, developed critical realism, a philosophy for social science which connects with how many of us think about the world. Bhaskar's work focuses our attention on the interplay between structure and agency and on the search for the causative or generative mechanisms that explain the social world. Bhaskar was interested in human emancipation, and we suggest his work is of great importance to advance understanding of complex social situations. Critical realism has already been endorsed by a range of disciplines, especially in research which focuses on real problems and acknowledges the complexities of the social world. In recent evidence from healthcare literature, there has been a surge in research using realist methodology (realist evaluation and realist synthesis), which is underpinned by the philosophy of critical realism and which offers a different perspective to understanding nursing and healthcare problems through the realist lens. However, we suggest that sufficient attention is not always paid to the philosophical roots of this methodology. In this paper, we provide insight into Bhaskar's work and demonstrate how research positioned within critical realism and realist methodology can advance nursing and healthcare‐related knowledge. Through shining a light on Bhaskar, we illustrate how critical realism philosophy is a natural fit with human and health science enquiry, including nursing.

KeywordsBhaskar; Critical realism; Nursing; Realist methodology
Year2016
Journalnursing philosophy: an international journal for healthcare professionals
Journal citation18 (2)
PublisherWiley
ISSN1466-7681
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/nup.12130
Official URLhttp://doi.org/10.1111/nup.12130
Publication dates
Online06 Jul 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited27 May 2020
Output statusPublished
References

Abhyankar P., Cheyne H., Maxwell M. et al. (2013) A
realist evaluation of a normal birth programme. Evidence-Based Midwifery, 1194, 112–119.
Angus J. (2012) Using critical realism in nursing and
health research: promise and challenges. Nursing
Inquiry, 19(1), 1–3.
Angus J., Miller K.L., Pulfer T. et al. (2006) Studying
delays in breast cancer diagnosis and treatment: critical
realism as a new foundation for inquiry. Oncology Nursing Forum, 33(4), E62–E70.
Bergin M., Wells J.S.G. & Owen S. (2008) Critical realism:
a philosophical framework for the study of gender and
mental health. Nursing Philosophy, 9(3), 169–179.
Bhaskar R. (1979) Philosophy and the Human Sciences:
the Possibility of Naturalism: a Philosophical Critique of
the Contemporary Human Sciences, 3rd edn. Routledge,
London.
Bhaskar R. (1989) The Possibility of Naturalism, 2nd edn.
Harvester, Brighton.
Bhaskar R. & Hartwig M. (2010) The Formation of Critical Realism. Routledge, Abingdon, Oxon.
Byng R., Norman I. & Redfern S. (2005) Using realistic
evaluation to evaluate a practice-level intervention to
improve primary health care for patients with long-term
mental illness. Evaluation, 11(1), 69–93.
Clark A.M., Whelan H.K., Barbour R. & MacIntyre P.D.
(2005) A realist study of the mechanisms of cardiac
rehabilitation. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 52(4), 362–
371.
Clark A.M., Lissel S.L. & David C. (2008) Complex critical realism. Tenets and application in nursing research.
Advances in Nursing Science, 31(4), E67–E79.
Connelly J. (2001) Critical realism and health promotion:
effective practice needs an effective theory. Health Education Research, 16(2), 115–119.
Cruickshank J. (2011) The positive and the negative.
Assessing critical realism and social constructionism as
post-positivist approaches to empirical research in the
social sciences. Paper 42. International Migration Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford.
Dobson P.J. (2005) Critical realism as an underlying
philosophy for IS research. In: Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, (eds. P.J. Dobson), 2nd
edn. Edith Cowan University, Australia.
Doi D., Cheyne H. & Jepson R. (2014) Alcohol brief
interventions in Scottish antenatal care: a qualitative
study of midwives’ attitudes and practices. BMC
Pregnancy and Childbirth, 14, 170.
Ehrbar H.G. (1998) Marxism and critical realism. Presentation for the Heterodox Economics Students Association. Available at: www.econ.utah.edu/ehrbar/marxre.pdf
[accessed 7 May 2016].
Critical Realism Bhaskar Nursing Realist 9 of 11
Fleetwood S. & Ackroyd S. (2004) Realist Applications in
Organisation and Management Studies. Routledge, London and New York. 13 p. ISBN: 0-415-34510-3
Gill M. & Turbin V. (1999) Evaluating ‘realistic evaluation’: evidence from a study of CCTV. Crime Prevention
Studies, 10(1), 179–199.
Greener I. & Mannion R. (2009) A realistic evaluation of
practice-based commissioning. Policy & Politics, 37(1),
57–73.
Greenhalgh T., Humphrey C., Hughes J., Macfarlane F.,
Butler C. & Pawson R. (2009) How do you modernize a
health service? A realist evaluation of whole-scale
transformation in London. Milbank Quarterly, 87(2),
391–416.
Hacking I. (1983) Representing and Intervening: Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural Science. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Harre R. & Secord P.F. (1972) The Explanation of Social
Behavior. Blackwell, Oxford.
Hodgkinson G.P. & Starkey K. (2012) Extending the foundations and reach of design science: further reflections
on the role of critical realism. British Journal of Management, 23(4), 605–610.
Houston S. (2001) Beyond social constructionism: critical
realism and social work. British Journal of Social Work,
31, 845–861.
Jefferies B. (2011) Critical realism – an empirical realist
critique. Working Paper Series. 11-03. Manchester
Metropolitan University Business School, Manchester.
Joseph J. (2014) Critical realism. The Encyclopedia of Political Thought, 781–782. DOI: 10.1002/9781118474396.wbept0225
Julnes G., Mark M.M. & Henry G.T. (1998) Review: promoting realism in evaluation: realistic evaluation and
the broader context. Evaluation, 4(4), 483–504.
Kazi M. (2000) Contemporary perspectives in the evaluation of practice. British Journal of Social Work, 30(6),
755–776.
Kazi M. (2003) Realist Evaluation in Practice: Health and
Social Work. Sage Publications, London.
Kontos P.C. & Poland B.D. (2009) Mapping new theoretical and methodological terrain for knowledge translation: contributions from critical realism and the arts.
Implementation Science, 4(1), 1–10. Available at: http://
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2639531/ [accessed 27 September 2015].
Lhussier M., Carr S.M. & Robson A. (2008) The potential
contribution of realistic evaluation to small-scale community interventions. Community Practitioner, 81(9),
25–28.
Lincoln Y.S. & Guba E.G. (2000) Paradigmatic controversies, contradictions, and emerging confluences. In: The
Handbook of Qualitative Research (eds N.K. Denzin &
Y.S. Lincoln), pp. 163–188, 2nd edn. Sage, London.
Linsley P., Howard D. & Owen S. (2015) The construction
of context-mechanisms-outcomes in realistic evaluation.
Nurse Researcher, 22(3), 28–34.
Marchal B., Dedzo M. & Kegels G. (2010) A realistic
evaluation of the management of a well performing
regional hospital in Ghana. BMC Health Services
Research, 10(24), 1–14. Available at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/10/24 [accessed 27 September
2015].
Marchal B., van Belle S., van Olmen J. et al. (2012) Is
realist evaluation keeping its promise? A review of published empirical studies in the field of health systems
research. Evaluation, 18(2), 192–212.
Maxwell J.A. (2012) A Realist Approach for Qualitative
Research. Sage, London.
McEvoy P. & Richards D. (2003) Critical realism: a way
forward for evaluation research in nursing? Journal of
Advanced Nursing, 43(4), 411–420.
McEvoy P. & Richards D. (2006) A critical realist rationale
for using a combination of quantitative and qualitative
methods. Journal of Research in Nursing, 11(1), 66–78.
Mingers J. (2000) The contribution of critical realism as
an underpinning philosophy for OR/MS and systems.
Journal of the Operational Research Society, 51(11),
1256–1270.
Mingers J. (2011) The contribution of systemic thought to
critical realism. Journal of Critical Realism, 10(3), 303–
330.
Norrie A. (2015) Roy Bhaskar: Philosopher whose school
of critical realism challenged established ways of thinking about being and knowledge. The Independent. Available at: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/
roy-bhaskar-philosopher-whose-school-of-critical-realismchallenged-established-ways-of-thinking-10009456.html
[accessed 27 September 2015].
Oladele D., Clark A.M., Richter S. et al. (2013) Critical
realism: a practical ontology to explain the complexities
of smoking and tobacco control in different resource
settings. Global Health Action, 6, 19303.
Oltmann C. & Boughey C. (2011) Using critical realism as
a framework in pharmacy education and social pharmacy research. Research in Social and Administrative
Pharmacy, 8(4), 333–337.
O’Mahoney J. & Vincent S.(2014) Critical realism as an
empirical project: a beginner’s guide. Ch. 1. In: Studying
Organizations Using Critical Realism (eds P.K. Edwards,
J. O’Mahoney & S. Vincent). Oxford University Press,
Oxford.
Outhwaite W. (1987) New Philosophies of Social Science.
Macmillan, London.
Parahoo K. (2006) Nursing Research, Principles, Process
and Issues. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke.
Parlour R. & McCormack B. (2012) Blending critical realist
and emancipatory practice development methodologies:
10 of 11 Lynne Williams et al.
making critical realism work in nursing research. Nursing
Inquiry, 19, 308–321.
Pawson R. (2003) Nothing as practical as a good theory.
Evaluation, 9(4), 471–490.
Pawson R. (2006) Evidence-Based Policy – A Realist Perspective. Sage, London.
Pawson R. & Tilley N. (1997) Realistic Evaluation. Sage,
London.
Perron A. (2015) Special issues: the 2014 Banff conference: troubling practice. Nursing Philosophy, 16, 127–
129.
Pommier J., Guevel M.-R. & Jourdan D. (2010) Evaluation
of health promotion in schools: a realistic evaluation
approach using mixed methods. BMC Public Health, 10
(43), 1–12. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
pmc/articles/PMC2824736/ [accessed 29 September
2015].
Porter S. (2001) Nightingale’s realist philosophy of science.
Nursing Philosophy, 2(1), 14–25.
Reisz M. (2014) Roy Bhaskar, 1944–2014. Available at:
https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/people/obituaries/roy-bhas...–2014/2017419.article [accessed
27 September 2015].
Risjord M. (2010) Nursing Knowledge, Science, Practice
and Philosophy. Emory University, Wiley-Blackwell.
Roberts J.M. (2014) Critical realism, dialectics, and qualitative research methods. Journal for the Theory of
Social Behaviour, 44(1), 1–23.
Rycroft-Malone J., Fontenla M., Bick D. et al. (2010) A
realistic evaluation: the case of protocol-based care.
Implementation Science, 5(38), 1–14. Available at: http://
www.implementationscience.com/content/5/1/38 [accessed
27 September 2015].
Sayer A. (1992) Method in Social Science: a Realist
Approach. 2nd edn. Routledge, London.
Sayer A. (2000) Realism and Social Science. Sage Publications Ltd., London.
Spencer N. (1995) The rediscovery of reality. Green Left
Weekly 190.
Stake R.E. (1995) The Art of Case Study Research. Sage
Publications, London.
Stame N. (2004) Theory-based evaluation and types of
complexity. Evaluation, 10(1), 58–76.
Stickley T. (2006) Should service user involvement be consigned to history? A critical realist perspective. Journal
of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 13(5), 570–
577.
Syed J., Mingers J. & Murray P. (2009) Beyond rigour and
relevance: a critical realist approach to business education. Working Paper Series No 191. Kent Business
School, University of Kent, Canterbury.
Tilley N. (2000) Realistic evaluation: an overview. The
Founding Conference of the Danish Evaluation Society.
Available at: http://evidence-basedmanagement.com/
wpcontent/uploads/2011/11/nick_tilley.pdf [accessed 27
September 2015].
Timmins P. & Miller C. (2007) Making evaluations realistic: the challenge of complexity. Support for Learning,
22(1), 9–16.
Tolson D., McIntosh J., Loftus L. et al. (2007) Developing
a managed clinical network in palliative care: a realistic
evaluation. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 44
(2), 183–195.
Topping A. (2010) The quantitative-qualitative continuum.
In: The Research Process in Nursing (eds K. Gerrish &
A. Lacey), pp. 129–141, 6th edn. Wiley-Blackwell,
Oxford.
Wai-Chung Yeung H. (1997) Critical realism and realist
research in human geography: a method or a philosophy
in search of a method? Progress in Human Geography,
21(1), 51–74.
Wainwright S.P. (1997) A new paradigm for nursing: the
potential of realism. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 26
(6), 1262–1271.
Wand T., White K. & Patching J. (2010) Applying a realist(ic) framework to the evaluation of a new model of
emergency department based mental health nursing
practice. Nursing Inquiry, 17(3), 231–239.
Westhrop G., Prins E., Kusters C. et al. (2011) Realist
Evaluation: an Overview: Report From an Expert Seminar. Wageninen UR Centre for Development Innovation, The Netherlands.
Williams L. (2014) What works? A realist evaluation of
the role of intermediaries in promoting best practice in
infection prevention and control. Unpublished thesis.
Bangor University, Bangor.
Wilson V. & McCormack B. (2006) Critical realism as
emancipatory action: the case for realistic evaluation
in practice development. Nursing Philosophy, 7(1), 45–
57.

Permalink -

https://repository.canterbury.ac.uk/item/8v97z/bringing-critical-realism-to-nursing-practice-roy-bhaskar-s-contribution

  • 23
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 3
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Making authentic: exploring boundary objects and bricolage in knowledge mobilisation through National Health Service-university partnerships
Melville-Richards, L., Rycroft-Malone, J., Burton, C. and Wilkinson, J. 2020. Making authentic: exploring boundary objects and bricolage in knowledge mobilisation through National Health Service-university partnerships. Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1332/174426419X15623134271106
A multicentre, randomised controlled trial to compare the clinical and cost-effectiveness of Lee Silverman Voice Treatment versus standard NHS Speech and Language Therapy versus control in Parkinson’s disease: a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
Sackley, C. M., Rick, C., Au, P., Brady, M. C., Beaton, G., Burton, C., Caulfield, M., Dickson, S., Dowling, F., Hughes, M., Ives, N., Jowett, S., Masterton-Algar, P., Nicoll, A., Patel, S., Smith, C. H., Woolley, R. and Clarke, C. E. 2020. A multicentre, randomised controlled trial to compare the clinical and cost-effectiveness of Lee Silverman Voice Treatment versus standard NHS Speech and Language Therapy versus control in Parkinson’s disease: a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials. 21 (436). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-020-04354-7
'Function first—be active, stay independent’—Promoting physical activity and physical function in people with long-term conditions by primary care: a protocol for a realist synthesis with embedded co-production and co-design
Law, R-J, Williams, L., Langley, J., Burton, C., Hall, B., Hiscock, J., Morrison, V., Lemmey, A., Partridge, R., Lovell-Smith, C., Gallanders, J. and Williams, N. 2020. 'Function first—be active, stay independent’—Promoting physical activity and physical function in people with long-term conditions by primary care: a protocol for a realist synthesis with embedded co-production and co-design. BMJ Open. 10 (2). https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-035686
Sleep hygiene education and children with developmental disabilities: Findings from a co-design study
Sutton, J.E., Huws, J.C. and Burton, C. 2019. Sleep hygiene education and children with developmental disabilities: Findings from a co-design study. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities. https://doi.org/10.1177/1744629518818950
Towards safe nurse staffing in England’s National Health Service: progress and pitfalls of policy evolution
Lawless, J., Couch, R., Griffiths, P., Burton, C. and Ball, J. 2019. Towards safe nurse staffing in England’s National Health Service: progress and pitfalls of policy evolution. Health Policy. 123 (6), pp. 590-594. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2019.03.011
Brief smoking cessation in acute Welsh hospitals: A realist approach
Davies, S., Burton, C., Williams, L. and Tinkler, A. 2019. Brief smoking cessation in acute Welsh hospitals: A realist approach. Health Promotion International. 35 (2), pp. 244-254. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/daz020
Understanding how and why de-implementation works in health and care: research protocol for a realist synthesis of evidence
Burton, C., Williams, L., Bucknall, T., Edwards, S., Fisher, D., Hall, B., Harris, G., Jones, P., Makin, M., McBride, A., Meacock, R., Parkinson, J., Rycroft-Malone, J. and Waring, J. 2019. Understanding how and why de-implementation works in health and care: research protocol for a realist synthesis of evidence. Systematic Reviews. 8 (194). https://doi.org/doi.org10.1186/s13643-019-1111-8
NHS managers’ use of nursing workforce planning and deployment technologies: a realist synthesis
Burton, C., Rycroft-Malone, J., Williams, L., Davies, S., McBride, A., Hall, B., Rowlands, A., Jones, A., Fisher, D., Jones, M. and Caulfield, M. 2018. NHS managers’ use of nursing workforce planning and deployment technologies: a realist synthesis. Southampton (UK) NIHR Journals Library.
NHS managers’ use of nursing workforce planning and deployment technologies: a realist synthesis
Burton, C., Rycroft-Malone, J., Williams, L, Davies, S., McBride, A., Hall, B., Rowlands, A., Jones, A., Fisher, D., Jones, M. and Caulfield, M. 2018. NHS managers’ use of nursing workforce planning and deployment technologies: a realist synthesis. Health Services and Delivery Research. 6 (36). https://doi.org/10.3310/hsdr06360
The generation of consensus guidelines for carrying out process evaluations in rehabilitation research
Masterson-Algar, P., Burton, C. and Rycroft-Malone, J. 2018. The generation of consensus guidelines for carrying out process evaluations in rehabilitation research. BMC Medical Research Methodology. 18 (1), pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-018-0647-y
Getting back to life after stroke: co-designing a peer-led coaching intervention to enable stroke survivors to rebuild a meaningful life after stroke
Masterson-Algar, P., Williams, S., Burton, C., Arthur, C., Hoare, Z., Morrison, V., Radford, K., Seddon, D. and Elghenzai, S. 2018. Getting back to life after stroke: co-designing a peer-led coaching intervention to enable stroke survivors to rebuild a meaningful life after stroke. Disability and Rehabilitation. 42 (10), pp. 1359-1372.
Arts-based palliative care training, education and staff development: A scoping review
Turton, B.M., Williams, S., Burton, C.R. and Williams, L. 2018. Arts-based palliative care training, education and staff development: A scoping review. Palliative Medicine. 32 (2). https://doi.org/10.1177/0269216317712189
What works for whom in the management of diabetes in people living with dementia: a realist review
Bunn, F., Goodman, C., Reece Jones, P., Russell, B., Trivedi, D,, Sinclair, A., Bayer, A., Rait, G., Rycroft-Malone, J. and Burton, C. 2017. What works for whom in the management of diabetes in people living with dementia: a realist review. BMC Medicine. 15. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-017-0909-2
The PD COMM trial: a protocol for the process evaluation of a randomised trial assessing the effectiveness of two types of SLT for people with Parkinson's disease.
Masterson-Algar, P, Burton, C., Brady, M.C., Nicoll, A., Clarke, C.E., Rick, C., Hughes, M., Au, P., Smith, C.H. and Sackley, C.M. 2017. The PD COMM trial: a protocol for the process evaluation of a randomised trial assessing the effectiveness of two types of SLT for people with Parkinson's disease. Trials. 18 (397), p. 2017. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-017-2130-1
Managing diabetes in people with dementia: a realist review
Bunn, F., Goodman, C., Jones, P.R., Russell, B., Trivedi, D., Sinclair, A., Bayer, A., Rait, G., Rycroft-Malone, J. and Burton, C. 2017. Managing diabetes in people with dementia: a realist review. Perth, Scotland NIHR Journals Library. https://doi.org/10.3310/hta21750
Implementation and trial evidence: a plea for fore-thought
Brocklehurst, P.R., Williams, L., Burton, C., Goodwin, T. and Rycroft-Malone, J. 2017. Implementation and trial evidence: a plea for fore-thought. British Dental Journal. 222 (5), pp. 331-335. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bdj.2017.213
What works for whom in the management of diabetes in people living with dementia: a realist review
Bunn, F., Goodman, C., Jones, P. R., Russell, B., Trivedi, D., Sinclair, A., Bayer, A., Rait, G., Rycroft-Malone, J. and Burton, C. 2017. What works for whom in the management of diabetes in people living with dementia: a realist review. BMC Medicine. 15 (141). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-017-0909-2
Improving skills and care standards in the support workforce for older people: a realist synthesis of workforce development interventions
Rycroft-Malone, J., Burton, C., Williams, L., Edwards, S., Fisher, D., Hall, B., McCormack, B., Nutley, S., Seddon, D. and Williams, R. 2016. Improving skills and care standards in the support workforce for older people: a realist synthesis of workforce development interventions. National Institute of Health Research. https://doi.org/10.3310/hsdr04120
Implementing a Systematic Voiding Program for Patients With Urinary Incontinence After Stroke
French, B., Thomas, L.H., Harrison, J., Burton, C., Forshaw, D., Booth, J., Britt, D., Cheater, F.M., Roe, B. and Watkins, C.L. 2016. Implementing a Systematic Voiding Program for Patients With Urinary Incontinence After Stroke. Qualitative Health Research. 26 (10). https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732316630975
Implementing best practice in infection prevention and control. A realist evaluation of the role of intermediaries
Williams, L., Rycroft-Malone, J. and Burton, C. 2016. Implementing best practice in infection prevention and control. A realist evaluation of the role of intermediaries. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 60, pp. 156-167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2016.04.012
Managers' use of nursing workforce planning and deployment technologies: protocol for a realist synthesis of implementation and impact
Burton, C., Rycroft-Malone, J., Williams, L., Davies, S., McBride, A., Hall, B., Rowlands, A.M. and Jones, A. 2016. Managers' use of nursing workforce planning and deployment technologies: protocol for a realist synthesis of implementation and impact. BMJ Open. 6 (8). https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013645
Improving skills and care standards in the support workforce for older people: a realist synthesis of workforce development interventions
Williams, L., Rycroft-Malone, J., Burton, C., Edwards,S., Fisher, D., Hall, B., McCormack, B., Nutley, S.M., Seddon, D. and Williams, R. 2016. Improving skills and care standards in the support workforce for older people: a realist synthesis of workforce development interventions. BMJ Open. 6 (8). https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011964
Strategies to prevent oral disease in dependent older people
Brocklehurst, P., Williams, L., Hoare, Z., Goodwin, T., McKenna, G., Tsakos, G., Chestnutt, I.G., Pretty, I., Wassall, R., Jerkovic-Cosic, K., Hayes, M., Watt, R.G. and Burton, C. 2016. Strategies to prevent oral disease in dependent older people. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD012402
Process evaluations in neurological rehabilitation: a mixed-evidence systematic review and recommendations for future research
Masterson-Algar, P., Burton, C. and Rycroft-Malone, J. 2016. Process evaluations in neurological rehabilitation: a mixed-evidence systematic review and recommendations for future research. BMJ Open. 6 (11). https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013002
Managing diabetes in people with dementia: protocol for a realist review
Bunn, F., Goodman, C., Rycroft Malone, J., Reece Jones, P., Burton, C., Rait, G., Trivedi, D., Bayer, A. and Sinclair, A. 2016. Managing diabetes in people with dementia: protocol for a realist review. Systematic Reviews. 5 (5). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-015-0182-4
Collaboration and co-production knowledge in healthcare: opportunities and challenges
Rycroft-Malone, J., Burton, C.R., Bucknall , T., Graham, I.D., Hutchinson, A. and Stacey, D. 2016. Collaboration and co-production knowledge in healthcare: opportunities and challenges. International Journal of Health Policy and Management. 5 (4), pp. 221-223. https://doi.org/10.15171/IJHPM.2016.08
Collective action for implementation: a realist evaluation of organisational collaboration in healthcare
Rycroft-Malone, J., Burton, C.R., Wilkinson, J., Harvey, G., McCormack, B., Baker, R., Dopson, S., Graham, I.D., Staniszewska, S., Thompson, C., Ariss, S., Melville-Richards, L. and Williams , L. 2016. Collective action for implementation: a realist evaluation of organisational collaboration in healthcare. Implementation Science : IS. 11 (17). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13012-016-0380-z
An occupational therapy intervention for residents with stroke-related disabilities in UK care homes (OTCH): cluster randomised controlled trial with economic evaluation
Sackley, C.M., Walker, M.F., Burton, C.R., Watkins,C.L, Mant, J., Roalfe, A.K., Wheatley, K., Sheehan, B., Sharp, L., Stant, K.E., Fletcher-Smith, J., Steel, K., Barton, G.R., Irvine, L. and Peryer, G. 2016. An occupational therapy intervention for residents with stroke-related disabilities in UK care homes (OTCH): cluster randomised controlled trial with economic evaluation. Health Technology Assessment. 20 (15). https://doi.org/10.3310/hta20150
Identifying Continence OptioNs after Stroke (ICONS): an evidence synthesis, case study and exploratory cluster randomised controlled trial of the introduction of a systematic voiding programme for patients with urinary incontinence after stroke in secondary care
Thomas, L. H., French, B., Sutton, C. J., Forshaw, D., Leathley, M. J., Burton, C., Roe, B., Cheater, F. M., Booth, J., McColl, E., Carter, B., Walker, A., Brittain, K., Whiteley, G., Rodgers, H., Barrett, J. and Watkins, C. L. 2015. Identifying Continence OptioNs after Stroke (ICONS): an evidence synthesis, case study and exploratory cluster randomised controlled trial of the introduction of a systematic voiding programme for patients with urinary incontinence after stroke in secondary care. NIHR Journals Library.
Collective action for knowledge mobilisation: a realist evaluation of the collaborations for leadership in applied health research and care
Rycroft-Malone, J., Burton, C., Wilkinson, J., Harvey, G., McCormack, B., Baker, R., Dopson, S., Graham, I., Staniszewska, S., Thompson, C., Ariss, S., Melville-Richards, L. and Williams, L. 2015. Collective action for knowledge mobilisation: a realist evaluation of the collaborations for leadership in applied health research and care. UK NIHR Journals Library. https://doi.org/10.3310/hsdr03440
An untapped resource: patient and public involvement in implementation comment on "Knowledge mobilization in healthcare organizations": a view from the resource-based view of the firm
Burton, C. and Rycroft-Malone, J. 2015. An untapped resource: patient and public involvement in implementation comment on "Knowledge mobilization in healthcare organizations": a view from the resource-based view of the firm. International Journal of Health Policy and Management. 4 (12), pp. 845-847. https://doi.org/10.15171/ijhpm.2015.150
Investigating preferences for support with life after stroke: a discrete choice experiment
Burton, C., Fargher, E., Plumpton, C., Roberts, G.W, Owen, H. and Roberts, E. 2014. Investigating preferences for support with life after stroke: a discrete choice experiment. BMC Health Services Research. 14 (63). https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-14-63
Evaluating a systematic voiding programme for patients with urinary incontinence after stroke in secondary care using soft systems analysis and Normalisation Process Theory: findings from the ICONS case study phase.International journal of nursing studies
Thomas, L.H, French, B., Burton, C., Sutton, C., Forshaw, D., Dickinson, H., Leathley, M.J., Britt, D., Roe, B., Cheater, F.M, Booth, J., Watkins, C.L, ICONS Project Team, ICONS Patient and Public and Carer Involvement Groups 2014. Evaluating a systematic voiding programme for patients with urinary incontinence after stroke in secondary care using soft systems analysis and Normalisation Process Theory: findings from the ICONS case study phase.International journal of nursing studies. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 51 (10), pp. 1308-1320. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2014.02.009
Improving skills and care standards in the support workforce for older people: a realist review
Rycroft-Malone, J., Burton, C., Hall, B., McCormack, B., Nutley, S., Seddon, D. and Williams, L. 2014. Improving skills and care standards in the support workforce for older people: a realist review. BMJ Open. 4 (5). https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005356
Does self-efficacy influence recovery and well-being in osteoarthritis patients undergoing joint replacement? A systematic review
Magklara, E., Burton, C. and Morrison, V. 2014. Does self-efficacy influence recovery and well-being in osteoarthritis patients undergoing joint replacement? A systematic review. Clinical Rehabilitation. 28 (9). https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215514527843
Towards a programme theory for fidelity in the evaluation of complex interventions.
Masterson-Algar, P., Burton, C., Rycroft-Malone, J., Sackley, C.M. and Walker, M.F. 2014. Towards a programme theory for fidelity in the evaluation of complex interventions. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice . 20 (4), pp. 445 - 452. https://doi.org/10.1111/jep.12174
Investigating the organisational impacts of quality improvement: a protocol for a realist evaluation of improvement approaches drawing on the Resource Based View of the Firm.
Burton, C., Rycroft Malone, J., Robert, G., Willson, A. and Hopkins, A. 2014. Investigating the organisational impacts of quality improvement: a protocol for a realist evaluation of improvement approaches drawing on the Resource Based View of the Firm. BMJ Open. 4:e005650. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005650
Resource based view of the firm as a theoretical lens on the organisational consequences of quality improvement.
Burton, C. and Rycroft-Malone, J. 2014. Resource based view of the firm as a theoretical lens on the organisational consequences of quality improvement. International Journal of Health Policy and Management. 3 (3), pp. 113 - 115. https://doi.org/10.15171/ijhpm.2014.74
The study protocol of: 'Initiating end of life care in stroke: clinical decision-making around prognosis'.
Burton, C., Payne, S., Turner, M., Bucknall, T., Rycroft-Malone, J., Tyrell, P., Horne, M., Ntambwe, L.I., Tyson, S., Mitchell, H., Williams, S. and Elghenzai, S. 2014. The study protocol of: 'Initiating end of life care in stroke: clinical decision-making around prognosis'. BMC Palliative Care. 13 (55). https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-684X-13-55
Identifying continence options after stroke (ICONS): a cluster randomised controlled feasibility trial.
Thomas, L.H., Watkins, C.L., Sutton, C.J., Forshaw, D., Leathley, M.J., French, B., Burton, C., Cheater, F., Roe, B., Britt, D., Booth, J., McColl, E., The ICONS Project Team and The ICONS Patient, Public and Carer Involvement Groups 2014. Identifying continence options after stroke (ICONS): a cluster randomised controlled feasibility trial. Trials. 15 (509). https://doi.org/10.1186/1745-6215-15-509
What is rehabilitation potential? Development of a theoretical model through the accounts of healthcare professionals working in stroke rehabilitation services
Burton, C.R., Horne, M., Woodward-Nutt, K., Bowen, A. and Tyrrell, P. 2014. What is rehabilitation potential? Development of a theoretical model through the accounts of healthcare professionals working in stroke rehabilitation services. Disability and Rehabilitation. 37 (21), pp. 1955-1960. https://doi.org/10.3109/09638288.2014.991454