On the multiple B-O bonding using the topological analysis of electron localisation function (ELF)

Journal article


Mierzwa, G., Gordon, A. J., Latajka, Z. and Berski, S. 2014. On the multiple B-O bonding using the topological analysis of electron localisation function (ELF). Computational and Theoretical Chemistry. 1053, pp. 130-141. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comptc.2014.10.003
AuthorsMierzwa, G., Gordon, A. J., Latajka, Z. and Berski, S.
Abstract

Topological analysis of the Electron Localisation Function (ELF) within the framework of Quantum Chemical Topology (QCT) has been applied to study the nature of the boron–oxygen bonds. A series of 16 compounds has been chosen, with the experimental Bsingle bondO bond length in the range of 1.481 Å (Bsingle bondO)–1.179 Å (B6-point triple bondO). Topological results obtained for the DFT(M062X), DFT(B3LYP), MP2 and CCSD(T) optimised geometrical structures show that all the boron–oxygen bonds in the investigated compounds are described by the disynaptic bonding basin, V(B,O). All these bonds have a covalent-polarised character. The mean electron population of V(B,O) varies from 1.6e (B(OH)4−) to about 3.5e (HNdouble bondCHsingle bondCHdouble bondCHsingle bondNHsingle bondB6-point triple bondO). The polarity index values, pBO, lie between 0.77 (ClBO) and 0.89 (H2BOCH3), thus all boron–oxygen bonds are essentially polarised by the oxygen atom. According to the Lewis formula, four types of the bonds have been recognised. These are: a single bond with a mixture of the ionic hybrid (Bsingle bondO, B+O−), a single bond (Bsingle bondO), a single bond with a small contribution of the dative O→B bond (BO) and a single bond with a large contribution of the dative O→B bond (depleted Bdouble bondO bonds). There is a clear distinction between a group of 11 molecules chosen for this study, with the basin population value of the boron–oxygen bond between 1.6e and 2.4e, and the HB6-point triple bondO, FB6-point triple bondO, ClB6-point triple bondO, HNdouble bondCHsingle bondCHdouble bondCHsingle bondNHsingle bondB6-point triple bondO and trans-[(Me3P)2BrPt(B6-point triple bondO)] molecules that exhibit the basin population in the range: 3.3e–3.5e. The second group was postulated to have a triple bond, B6-point triple bondO, but this statement has not been confirmed by our research.

KeywordsTriple bond; Quantum Chemical Topology; QCT; Lewis structure; Bsinglem bond; OBdouble bond; PB6-point triple; bondO
Year2014
JournalComputational and Theoretical Chemistry
Journal citation1053, pp. 130-141
PublisherElsevier
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comptc.2014.10.003
Official URLhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2210271X14004502?via%3Dihub
Publication dates
Online13 Oct 2014
Print01 Feb 2015
Publication process dates
Accepted01 Oct 2014
Deposited17 Apr 2024
Output statusPublished
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