Community singing, wellbeing and older people: implementing and evaluating an English singing tool for health intervention in Rome

Journal article


Corvo, E., Skingley, A. and Clift, S. 2020. Community singing, wellbeing and older people: implementing and evaluating an English singing tool for health intervention in Rome. Perspectives in Public Health. https://doi.org/10.1177/1757913920925834
AuthorsCorvo, E., Skingley, A. and Clift, S.
Abstract

Aim: The aim of this research was to explore the transferability and effectiveness of the English Silver Song Clubs model for older people in a different social and cultural context, i.e. in the capital city of Italy, Rome.

Methods: A single condition, pre-test, post-test design was implemented. Participants completed two questionnaires: EQ-5D and York SF-12.

Results: After the singing experience, participants showed a decrease in their levels of anxiety and depression. An improvement was also found from baseline to follow up in reported performance of usual activities. The English study showed a difference between the singing and non-singing groups at three and six months on mental health, and after three months on specific anxiety and depression measures. The current (Rome) study shows similar findings with an improvement on specific anxiety and depression items.

Conclusions: Policy makers in different national contexts should consider social singing activities to promote the health and wellbeing of older adults as they are inexpensive to run and have been shown to be enjoyable and effective.

KeywordsSinging; Older people; Wellbeing; Italy and England
Year2020
JournalPerspectives in Public Health
PublisherSAGE Journals
ISSN1757-9139
1757-9147
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/1757913920925834
Official URLhttps://doi.org/10.1177/1757913920925834
Publication dates
Online02 Jul 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted07 Apr 2020
Deposited02 Jul 2020
Accepted author manuscript
License
Output statusPublished
References

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Fraser, J., Price, S. and Skingley, A. 2011. Drawing breath: promoting meaning and self-management in COPD. British Journal of Community Nursing. 16 (2), pp. 58-64.
Singing for mental health and wellbeing: community initiatives in England
Clift, S., Morrison, I., Vella-Burrows, T., Hancox, G., Caldon, E., Perry, U., Holden, P., Parsons-West, C., Moore, K., Rowland-Jones, C. and Hayes, S. 2011. Singing for mental health and wellbeing: community initiatives in England. in: Brader, A. (ed.) Songs of Resilience Newcastle upon Tyne Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pp. 121-144
Group singing fosters mental health and wellbeing: findings from the East Kent ‘‘singing for health’’ network project
Clift, S. and Morrison, I. 2011. Group singing fosters mental health and wellbeing: findings from the East Kent ‘‘singing for health’’ network project. Mental Health and Social Inclusion. 15 (2), pp. 88-97. https://doi.org/10.1108/20428301111140930
Gay men and tourism: destinations and holiday motivations
Clift, S. and Forrest, S. 1999. Gay men and tourism: destinations and holiday motivations. Tourism Management. 20 (5), pp. 615-625. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0261-5177(99)00032-1
Local experience of running an NIHR project in Kent and Medway
Skingley, A. 2010. Local experience of running an NIHR project in Kent and Medway.
The role of systematic reviews in the strategic development of a research project
Clift, S. 2010. The role of systematic reviews in the strategic development of a research project.
Is there a role for the arts in addressing health inequalities within sub-saharan Africa?
Clift, S. 2010. Is there a role for the arts in addressing health inequalities within sub-saharan Africa?
The development and evaluation of a singing group network for mental health service users in the South East of England
Clift, S. 2010. The development and evaluation of a singing group network for mental health service users in the South East of England.
The value of the arts, theatre and music in promoting health and tackling health inequalities
Clift, S. 2010. The value of the arts, theatre and music in promoting health and tackling health inequalities.
The evidence base for arts and health: a continuing challenge
Clift, S. 2010. The evidence base for arts and health: a continuing challenge.
Why singing is good for wellbeing and health
Clift, S. 2010. Why singing is good for wellbeing and health.
New developments in research on singing, wellbeing and health
Clift, S. 2010. New developments in research on singing, wellbeing and health.
Group singing, wellbeing and health: a systematic mapping of research evidence
Clift, S., Nicol, J., Raisbeck, M., Whitmore, C. and Morrison, I. 2010. Group singing, wellbeing and health: a systematic mapping of research evidence. UNESCO Observatory. 2 (1).
Arts and health
Clift, S. 2011. Arts and health. Perspectives in Public Health. 131 (1), p. 8. https://doi.org/10.1177/17579139111310010401
A survey of AIDS education in secondary schools
Stears, D. and Clift, S. 1990. A survey of AIDS education in secondary schools. Horsham AVERT.
Does a 'singing together' group improve the quality of life of people with a dementia and their carers?: a pilot evaluation study
Camic, P., Williams, C., Clift, S. and Meeten, F. 2010. Does a 'singing together' group improve the quality of life of people with a dementia and their carers?: a pilot evaluation study.
Travel, lifestyles and health
Clift, S. and Page, S. 1994. Travel, lifestyles and health. Tourism Management. 15 (1), pp. 69-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/0261-5177(94)90030-2
Formative evaluation of the Silver Song Club project
Skingley, A., Bungay, H., Clift, S. and Hancox, G. 2008. Formative evaluation of the Silver Song Club project.
Health and the older traveller: issues for health promotion
Clift, S. and Morrissey, M. 2001. Health and the older traveller: issues for health promotion. in: Chiva, A. and Stears, D. (ed.) Promoting the Health of Older People: The Next Step in Health Generation Buckingham Open University Press. pp. 132-143
Tourist health: the precautions, behaviour and health problems of British tourists in Malta
Clift, S. 1994. Tourist health: the precautions, behaviour and health problems of British tourists in Malta. in: Page, S. and Clark, N. (ed.) Tourism: the state of the art Chichester John Wiley & Sons. pp. 799-817
Health, sex and drugs education - rhetoric and reality
Stears, D., Clift, S. and Blackman, S. 1995. Health, sex and drugs education - rhetoric and reality. in: Ahier, J. and Ross, A. (ed.) Social Subjects within the Curriculum: Children's Social Learning in the National Curriculum Falmer Press.
AIDS: the secondary scene - a guide to issues, approaches and resources
Clift, S. and Stears, D. 1992. AIDS: the secondary scene - a guide to issues, approaches and resources. Horsham AVERT.
Travel, sexual behaviour and gay men
Clift, S. and Wilkins, J. 1995. Travel, sexual behaviour and gay men. in: Aggleton, P., Davies, P. and Hart, G. (ed.) Aids Safety, Sexuality and Risk London Taylor & Francis. pp. 35-54
Impulsiveness, venture-some-ness and sexual risk-taking among heterosexual GUM clinic attenders
Clift, S., Wilkins, J. and Davidson, E. 1993. Impulsiveness, venture-some-ness and sexual risk-taking among heterosexual GUM clinic attenders. Personality and Individual Differences. 15 (4), pp. 403-410. https://doi.org/10.1016/0191-8869(93)90068-E
Assessing pupils' games performance in the secondary school: an exploration using repertory grid techniques
Balsdon, A. and Clift, S. 1992. Assessing pupils' games performance in the secondary school: an exploration using repertory grid techniques. in: Almond, L., Williams, T. and Sparkes, A. (ed.) Sport and Physical Activity London Spon Press.
Assessing gymnastic performance
Balsdon, A. and Clift, S. 1990. Assessing gymnastic performance. Physical Education Review. 13 (1), pp. 48-59.
AIDS education in secondary schools
Clift, S. and Stears, D. 1991. AIDS education in secondary schools. Education and Health. 9 (2), pp. 23-26.
A guide to using the booklet: sexual feelings and relationships
Clift, S., Kanabus, A., Callister, C. and Forrester, S. 1996. A guide to using the booklet: sexual feelings and relationships. AVERT.
Sexual feelings and relationships: a booklet for young people
Clift, S., Kanabus, A., Callister, C. and Forrester, S. 1996. Sexual feelings and relationships: a booklet for young people. AVERT.
Merton, Sutton and Wandsworth female sex workers outreach project report
Clift, S. 1995. Merton, Sutton and Wandsworth female sex workers outreach project report. Merton, Sutton and Wandsworth Health.
Europe against AIDS summer campaign 1995 schools resource pack
Clift, S. and Thomas, L. 1995. Europe against AIDS summer campaign 1995 schools resource pack. Canterbury Christ Church University.
Sexual behaviour abroad: a study of genito-urinary clinic attenders
Black, P., Clift, S. and Wijesurendna, C. 1995. Sexual behaviour abroad: a study of genito-urinary clinic attenders. Travel Medicine International. 13 (6), pp. 66-69.
Part V: Psychology - Coach and players' assessment of coach effectiveness in an elite men's hockey team
Balsdon, A., Clift, S., Underwood, G. and Stephenson, G. 2001. Part V: Psychology - Coach and players' assessment of coach effectiveness in an elite men's hockey team. Journal of Sports Sciences. 16 (1), pp. 71-72. https://doi.org/10.1080/026404198366966
Gay tourist space and sexual risk behaviour
Forrest, S. and Clift, S. 1998. Gay tourist space and sexual risk behaviour. in: Aitchison, C. and Jordan, F. (ed.) Gender, Space and Identity Eastbourne Leisure Studies Association. pp. 163-176
An exploration of players' and coach's assessment of player performance in an elite men’s hockey team
Balsdon, A., Clift, S., Bird, S. and Stephenson, G. 2001. An exploration of players' and coach's assessment of player performance in an elite men’s hockey team. Journal of Sports Sciences. 19 (1), p. 16. https://doi.org/10.1080/026404101750070166
The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a participative community singing programme as a health promotion initiative for older people: protocol for a randomised controlled trial
Skingley, A., Clift, S., Coulton, S. and Rodriguez, J. 2011. The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a participative community singing programme as a health promotion initiative for older people: protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMC Public Health. 11 (1), p. 142. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-11-142
Romance and sex on holidays abroad: a study of magazine representations
Clift, S. 1994. Romance and sex on holidays abroad: a study of magazine representations. Canterbury Canterbury Christ Church College.
The use of singing-in-a-group as a response to adverse life events
Von Lob, G., Camic, P. and Clift, S. 2010. The use of singing-in-a-group as a response to adverse life events. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion. 12 (3), pp. 45-53. https://doi.org/10.1080/14623730.2010.9721818
Therapeutic effects of music and singing for older people
Skingley, A. and Vella-Burrows, T. 2010. Therapeutic effects of music and singing for older people. Nursing Standard. 24 (19), pp. 35-41.
Shall we dance? An exploration of the perceived benefits of dancing on well-being
Quiroga Murcia, C., Kreutz, G., Clift, S. and Bongard, S. 2010. Shall we dance? An exploration of the perceived benefits of dancing on well-being. Arts & Health. 2 (2), pp. 149-163. https://doi.org/10.1080/17533010903488582
The significance of choral singing for sustaining psychological wellbeing: findings from a survey of choristers in England, Australia and Germany
Clift, S. and Hancox, G. 2010. The significance of choral singing for sustaining psychological wellbeing: findings from a survey of choristers in England, Australia and Germany. Music Performance Research. 3 (1), pp. 79-96.
The arts and global health inequities
Clift, S., Camic, P. and Daykin, N. 2010. The arts and global health inequities. Arts & Health. 2 (1), pp. 3-7. https://doi.org/10.1080/17533010903421476
Singing for health: a musical remedy
Clift, S. 2010. Singing for health: a musical remedy. British Journal of Wellbeing. 1 (6), pp. 19-21.
Let the music play
Clift, S. 2010. Let the music play. British Journal of Wellbeing. 1 (1), pp. 15-17.
The Silver Song Club Project: A sense of well-being through participatory singing
Bungay, H., Clift, S. and Skingley, A. 2010. The Silver Song Club Project: A sense of well-being through participatory singing. Journal of Applied Arts and Health. 1 (2), pp. 165-178. https://doi.org/10.1386/jaah.1.2.165_1
Arts on prescription: A review of practice in the UK
Bungay, H. and Clift, S. 2010. Arts on prescription: A review of practice in the UK. Perspectives in Public Health. 130 (6), pp. 277-281. https://doi.org/10.1177/1757913910384050
The Silver Song Club Project: singing to promote the health of older people.
Skingley, A. and Bungay, H. 2010. The Silver Song Club Project: singing to promote the health of older people. British Journal of Community Nursing. 15 (3), pp. 135-140.
The Silver Song Club Project: A formative evaluation
Bungay, H. and Skingley, A. 2008. The Silver Song Club Project: A formative evaluation. Canterbury Canterbury Christ Church University.
Supported further education provision for people with long-term mental health needs: Findings from a survey of further education colleges and primary care trusts across the south east of England
Morrison, I., Clift, S. and Stosz, L. 2010. Supported further education provision for people with long-term mental health needs: Findings from a survey of further education colleges and primary care trusts across the south east of England. Perspectives in Public Health. 130 (2), pp. 78-85. https://doi.org/10.1177/1757913909360454
Australian data from the "cross-national research on the effects of choral singing" project
Stewart, D., Sun, J., Clift, S., Hancox, G., Morrison, I., Hess, B. and Kreutz, G. 2008. Australian data from the "cross-national research on the effects of choral singing" project.
Stress and Antonovsky's Resistance Resources: A practical example
Morrison, I. and Clift, S. 2007. Stress and Antonovsky's Resistance Resources: A practical example. Stress News. 19 (2), pp. 4-5.
Mental health needs in the workplace
Morrison, I. and Clift, S. 2005. Mental health needs in the workplace. The Institution of Electrical Enginners Engineering Management. 15 (2), pp. 36-37.
The Open Door programme: student journeys to employment and university
Morrison, I. and Clift, S. 2005. The Open Door programme: student journeys to employment and university. A Life in the Day. 9 (2), pp. 23-26. https://doi.org/10.1108/13666282200500016
A survey of supported education for people with long-term mental health needs in Further Education colleges in the South East of England
Morrison, I. and Clift, S. 2006. A survey of supported education for people with long-term mental health needs in Further Education colleges in the South East of England. Canterbury Canterbury Christ Church University.
Arts and healthy communities in the South East
Clift, S. and Vella-Burrows, T. 2003. Arts and healthy communities in the South East. Canterbury Canterbury Christ Church University.
The MusicStart Project: evaluation of an early years music initiative
Clift, S., MacKenzie, K. and Bushell, F. 2006. The MusicStart Project: evaluation of an early years music initiative. Canterbury Canterbury Christ Church University.
Choral singing, wellbeing and health: findings from a cross-national survey
Clift, S., Hancox, G., Morrison, I., Hess, B., Stewart, D. and Kreutz, G. 2008. Choral singing, wellbeing and health: findings from a cross-national survey. Canterbury Canterbury Christ Church University.
Choral singing and psychological wellbeing: quantitative and qualitative findings from English choirs in a cross-national survey
Clift, S., Hancox, G., Morrison, I., Hess, B., Kreutz, G. and Stewart, D. 2010. Choral singing and psychological wellbeing: quantitative and qualitative findings from English choirs in a cross-national survey. Journal of Applied Arts and Health. 1 (1), pp. 19-34. https://doi.org/10.1386/jaah.1.1.19/1
Singing and health: a systematic mapping and review of non-clinical research
Clift, S., Hancox, G., Staricoff, R. and Whitmore, C. 2008. Singing and health: a systematic mapping and review of non-clinical research. Canterbury Canterbury Christ Church University.
Evaluation of the 'Sound Start' project - singing to babies before and after birth
Clift, S. 2002. Evaluation of the 'Sound Start' project - singing to babies before and after birth. Canterbury Canterbury Christ Church University College.
Southampton Silver Song Club: reflections on music making with elderly people facilitated by student volunteers
Bamford, A. and Clift, S. 2007. Southampton Silver Song Club: reflections on music making with elderly people facilitated by student volunteers. Canterbury Canterbury Christ Church University.
Music into Upton: reflections on an initiative to bring live music into a hospital setting
Bamford, A. and Clift, S. 2007. Music into Upton: reflections on an initiative to bring live music into a hospital setting. Canterbury Canterbury Christ Church University.
Making singing for health happen: reflections on a 'Singing for the Brain' training course
Bamford, A. and Clift, S. 2007. Making singing for health happen: reflections on a 'Singing for the Brain' training course. Canterbury Canterbury Christ Church University.
An evidence base for mental health promotion through supported education: a practical application of Antonovsky's salutogenic model of health
Morrison, I., Stosz, L. and Clift, S. 2008. An evidence base for mental health promotion through supported education: a practical application of Antonovsky's salutogenic model of health. International Journal of Health Promotion and Education. 46 (1), pp. 11-20.
The MusicStart Project: an evaluation of the impact of a training programme to enhance the role of music and singing in educational settings for children aged three to five years
MacKenzie, K. and Clift, S. 2008. The MusicStart Project: an evaluation of the impact of a training programme to enhance the role of music and singing in educational settings for children aged three to five years. International Journal of Music Education. 26 (3), pp. 229-242. https://doi.org/10.1177/0255761408092524
Choral singing and psychological wellbeing: findings from English choirs in a cross-national survey using the WHOQOL-BREF
Clift, S., Hancox, G., Morrison, I., Hess, B., Kreutz, G. and Stewart, D. 2007. Choral singing and psychological wellbeing: findings from English choirs in a cross-national survey using the WHOQOL-BREF. in: Williamon, A. and Coimbra, D. (ed.) Proceedings of the International Symposium on Performance Science Association Européenne des Conservatoires, Académies de Musique et Musikhochschulen. pp. 201-207
Tourism and the sexual ecology of gay men
Clift, S. and Forrest, S. 2000. Tourism and the sexual ecology of gay men. in: Clift, S. and Carter, S. (ed.) Tourism and Sex: Culture, Commerce and Coercion Leicester Pinter.
Gay tourism, sex and sexual health promotion
Clift, S. and Forrest, S. 2000. Gay tourism, sex and sexual health promotion. in: Horne, J. and Fleming, S. (ed.) Masculinities: Leisure Culture, Identities and Consumption Eastbourne Leisure Studies Association.
Factors associated with the sexual behaviour and risk of gay men on holiday
Clift, S. and Forrest, S. 1999. Factors associated with the sexual behaviour and risk of gay men on holiday. AIDS Care. 11 (3), pp. 281-295.
Sex and international travel: behaviour, health and human rights
Clift, S. 2003. Sex and international travel: behaviour, health and human rights. in: Bor, R. (ed.) Passenger Behaviour London Ashgate.
Tourism and health: present issues and future concerns
Clift, S. 2000. Tourism and health: present issues and future concerns. Tourism Recreation Research. 25 (3), pp. 55-61.
The health promoting school: a resource for developing indicators
Barnekov, V., Buijs, G., Clift, S., Jensen, B., Paulus, P., Rivett, D. and Young, I. 2006. The health promoting school: a resource for developing indicators. Copenhagen International Planning Committee of the European Network of Health Promoting Schools Task Force.
Cognitive predictors of adherence to malaria prophylaxis regimens on return from a malarious region: a prospective study
Abraham, C., Clift, S. and Grabowski, P. 1999. Cognitive predictors of adherence to malaria prophylaxis regimens on return from a malarious region: a prospective study. Social Science and Medicine. 48, pp. 1641-1654.
Coming of age for arts and health: what we hope to achieve
Camic, P., Clift, S. and Daykin, N. 2009. Coming of age for arts and health: what we hope to achieve. Arts & Health. 1 (1), pp. 3-5. https://doi.org/10.1080/17533010802614627
Incidence and location of diabetic foot ulcer recurrence
Galea, A., Springett, K., Clift, S., Bungay, H., Fava, S. and Cachia, M. 2009. Incidence and location of diabetic foot ulcer recurrence. The Diabetic Foot Journal. 12 (4), pp. 181-186.
The state of arts and health in England
Clift, S., Camic, P., Chapman, B., Clayton, G., Daykin, N., Eades, G., Parkinson, C., Secker, J., Stickley, T. and White, M. 2009. The state of arts and health in England. Arts & Health. 1 (1), pp. 6-35. https://doi.org/10.1080/17533010802528017
Antonovsky revisited: implications for mental health promotion practice
Morrison, I. and Clift, S. 2007. Antonovsky revisited: implications for mental health promotion practice. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion. 9 (2), pp. 36-46. https://doi.org/10.1080/14623730.2007.9721837
Mental health promotion through supported further education: The value of Antonovsky's salutogenic model of health
Morrison, I. and Clift, S. 2006. Mental health promotion through supported further education: The value of Antonovsky's salutogenic model of health. Health Education. 106 (5), pp. 365-380. https://doi.org/10.1108/09654280610685956
Music and well-being
Clift, S. and Hancox, G. 2006. Music and well-being. in: Greenstreet, W. (ed.) Integrating Spirituality in Health and Social Care: Perspectives and Practical Approaches Oxford Radcliffe Publishing. pp. 151-165
The perceived benefits of singing: findings from preliminary surveys of a university college choral society
Clift, S. and Hancox, G. 2001. The perceived benefits of singing: findings from preliminary surveys of a university college choral society. The Journal of the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health. 121 (4), pp. 248-256. https://doi.org/10.1177/146642400112100409
Malaria prophylaxis and the media
Clift, S. and Grabowski, P. 1996. Malaria prophylaxis and the media. The Lancet. 348 (9023), pp. 344-344. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(05)64522-9
Factors associated with gay men's sexual behaviours and risk on holiday
Clift, S. and Forrest, S. 1999. Factors associated with gay men's sexual behaviours and risk on holiday. AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV. 11 (3), pp. 281-295. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540129947929
Supporting practice teachers to identify failing students
Skingley, A., Arnott, J., Greaves, J. and Nabb, J. 2007. Supporting practice teachers to identify failing students. British Journal of Community Nursing. 12 (1), pp. 28-32. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjcn.2007.12.1.22689
Guest Editorial
Clift, S. 2005. Guest Editorial. Health Education. 105 (5), pp. 328-331. https://doi.org/10.1108/09654280510617150
Dimensions of holiday experience and their implications for health: a study of British tourists in Malta
Clift, S. and Clark, N. 1995. Dimensions of holiday experience and their implications for health: a study of British tourists in Malta. Canterbury Christ Church University.