Fermentation of biomass-generated synthesis gas: effects of nitric oxide

Journal article


Ahmed, A. and Lewis, R.S. 2006. Fermentation of biomass-generated synthesis gas: effects of nitric oxide. Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 97 (5), pp. 1080-1086. https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.21305
AuthorsAhmed, A. and Lewis, R.S.
Abstract

The production of renewable fuels, such as ethanol, has been steadily increasing owing to the need for a reduced dependency on fossil fuels. It was demonstrated previously that biomass-generated synthesis gas (biomass-syngas) can be converted to ethanol and acetic acid using a microbial catalyst. The biomass-syngas (primarily CO, CO2, H2, and N2) was generated in a fluidizedbed gasifier and used as a substrate for Clostridium carboxidivorans P7T. Results showed that the cells stopped consuming H2 when exposed to biomass-syngas, thus indicating that there was an inhibition of the hydrogenase enzyme due to some biomass-syngas contaminant. It was hypothesized that nitric oxide (NO) detected in the biomass-syngas could be the possible cause of this inhibition. The specific activity of hydrogenase was monitored with time under varying concentrations of H2 and NO.

Results indicated that NO (at gas concentrations above 40 ppm) was a non-competitive inhibitor of hydrogenase activity, although the loss of hydrogenase activity was reversible. In addition, NO also affected the cell growth and increased the amount of ethanol produced. A kinetic model of hydrogenase activity with inhibition by NO was demonstrated with results suggesting there are multiple binding sites of NO on the hydrogenase enzyme. Since other syngas-fermenting organisms utilize the same metabolic pathways, this study estimates that NO<40 ppm can be tolerated by cells in a syngas-fermentation system without compromising the hydrogenase activity, cell growth, and product distribution.

KeywordsSyngas; Ethanol; Fermentation; Biomass; Hydrogenase
Year2006
JournalBiotechnology and Bioengineering
Journal citation97 (5), pp. 1080-1086
PublisherWiley
ISSN0006-3592
1097-0290
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.21305
Official URLhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/bit.21305
Publication dates
Print14 Dec 2006
Publication process dates
Accepted04 Dec 2006
Deposited13 May 2021
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
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https://repository.canterbury.ac.uk/item/8xq54/fermentation-of-biomass-generated-synthesis-gas-effects-of-nitric-oxide

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Ahmed et al 2007 Nitric Oxide.pdf
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
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