Effects of biomass-generated producer gas constituents on cell growth, product distribution and hydrogenase activity of Clostridium carboxidivorans P7T

Journal article


Ahmed, A., Cateni, B. G., Huhnke, R.L. and Lewis, R.S. 2006. Effects of biomass-generated producer gas constituents on cell growth, product distribution and hydrogenase activity of Clostridium carboxidivorans P7T. Biomass and Bioenergy. 30, p. 665–672. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2006.01.007
AuthorsAhmed, A., Cateni, B. G., Huhnke, R.L. and Lewis, R.S.
Abstract

In our previous work, we demonstrated that biomass-generated producer gas can be converted to ethanol and acetic acid using a microbial catalyst Clostridium carboxidivorans P7T. Results showed that the producer gas (1) induced cell dormancy, (2) inhibited H2 consumption, and (3) affected the acetic acid/ethanol product distribution. Results of this work showed that tars were the likely cause of cell dormancy and product redistribution and that the addition of a 0.025 mm filter in the gas cleanup negated the effects of tars. C.
carboxidivorans P7T can adapt to the tars (i.e. grow) only after prolonged exposure. Nitric oxide, present in the producer gas at 150 ppm, is an inhibitor of the hydrogenase enzyme involved in H2 consumption. We conclude that significant conditioning of the producer gas will be required for the successful coupling of biomass-generated producer gas with fermentation to produce ethanol and acetic acid.

KeywordsProducer gas; Ethanol; Biomass; Tars; Nitric oxide
Year2006
JournalBiomass and Bioenergy
Journal citation30, p. 665–672
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0961-9534
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2006.01.007
Official URLhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0961953406000274?casa_token=0IOtiacyM3YAAAAA:NbL0k2cv_Gqn-gvQsFZhNNkLU_p1uFdfWo56izlBEr2Y-9wVrlsIxPE4LQ1RinhBr-I-op6j1w
Publication dates
Print11 Apr 2006
Publication process dates
Accepted16 Jan 2006
Deposited20 May 2021
Accepted author manuscript
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Open
Output statusPublished
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https://repository.canterbury.ac.uk/item/8xq96/effects-of-biomass-generated-producer-gas-constituents-on-cell-growth-product-distribution-and-hydrogenase-activity-of-clostridium-carboxidivorans-p7t

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