Screening for pre-eclampsia by maternal factors and biomarkers at 11-13 weeks' gestation

Journal article


Tan, M.Y., Syngelaki, A., Poon, L.C., Rolnik, D.L., O'Gorman, N., Delgado, J.L., Akolekar, R., Konstantinidou, L., Tsavdaridou, M., Galeva, S., Ajdacka, U., Molina, F.S., Persico, N., Jani, J.C., Plasencia, W., Greco, E., Papaioannou, G., Wright, A., Wright, D. and Nicolaides, K.H. 2018. Screening for pre-eclampsia by maternal factors and biomarkers at 11-13 weeks' gestation. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology. 52 (2), pp. 186-195.
AuthorsTan, M.Y., Syngelaki, A., Poon, L.C., Rolnik, D.L., O'Gorman, N., Delgado, J.L., Akolekar, R., Konstantinidou, L., Tsavdaridou, M., Galeva, S., Ajdacka, U., Molina, F.S., Persico, N., Jani, J.C., Plasencia, W., Greco, E., Papaioannou, G., Wright, A., Wright, D. and Nicolaides, K.H.
Abstract

Objective:
To examine the performance of screening for early-, preterm- and term-preeclampsia (PE) at 11 13 weeks’ gestation by maternal factors and combinations of mean arterial pressure (MAP), uterine artery pulsatility index (UtA-PI), serum placental growth factor (PLGF) and serum pregnancy associated plasma protein A (PAPP A).

Methods
The data for this study were derived from three previously reported prospective non intervention screening studies at 11+0 – 13+6 weeks’ gestation in a combined total of 61,174 singleton pregnancies, including 1,770 (2.9%) that developed PE. Bayes theorem was used to combine the prior distribution of the gestational age at delivery with PE, obtained from maternal characteristics, with various combinations of biomarker multiple of the median (MoM) values to derive the p patient specific risks of delivery with PE at <37 weeks’ gestation. The performance of such screening was estimated.

Results In pregnancies that develop ed PE , compared to those without PE, the MoM values of UtA-PI and MAP were increased and PAPP A and PLGF were decreased and the deviation from normal was greater for early than late PE for all four biomarkers. Combined screening by maternal factors, UtA-PI, MAP and PLGF predicted 90% of early PE, 75% of preterm PE and 4 1 % of term PE, at screen positive rate of 10%; inclusion of PAPP A did not improve the performance of screening The performance of screening depended on the racial origin of the women; in screening by a combination of maternal factors, MAP, UtA-PI and PLGF and use of the risk cut off of 1 in 10 0 for PE at <37 weeks in Caucasian women, the screen positive rate was 10% and detection rates for early --, preterm and term PE were 88%, 69% and 40%, respectively. With the same
method of screening and risk cut off in women of Afro Caribbean racial origin, the screen positive rate was 34% and detection rates for early --, preterm and term PE were 100%,
92% and 75%, respectively.

Conclusion
Screening by maternal factors and biomarkers at 11-13 weeks’ gestation can identify a high proportion of pregnancies that develop early- and preterm-PE.

KeywordsFirst trimester screening; Preeclampsia; Aspirin; ASPRE; SPREE; Pyramid of pregnancy care; Survival model; Bayes theorem; Uterine artery Doppler; Mean arterial pressure; Pregnancy associated plasma protein A; Placental growth factor
Year2018
JournalUltrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Journal citation52 (2), pp. 186-195
PublisherWiley
ISSN1469-0705
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1002/uog.19112
Official URLhttp://doi.org/10.1002/uog.19112
Publication dates
Online11 Jul 2018
Publication process dates
Accepted04 May 2018
Deposited10 Jun 2020
Accepted author manuscript
References

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