The gifts and ‘contributions' Friedrich Froebel and Russian education (1850–1929)

Journal article


Valkanova, Y. and Brehony, K. 2006. The gifts and ‘contributions' Friedrich Froebel and Russian education (1850–1929). History of Education. 35 (2), pp. 189 - 207.
AuthorsValkanova, Y. and Brehony, K.
Abstract

This article examines the contribution of the Russian Froebelian movement to educational theory and practice in Russia, in the context of the cultural transformation there from the second half of the nineteenth to the beginning of the twentieth century. The Froebel movement had a strong influence on not only the formation of Russian early years educational practice but also child psychology. The analysis explores mainly, but not exclusively, the educational ideas of two followers of Froebel, Elizaveta Vodovosova (1844–1923), educator and writer, and Luiza Schleger (1862–1942), founder of the first public kindergarten in Moscow. Their lives and educational beliefs highlight the development of two different interpretations of Froebelian educational theory in two particular periods of Russian cultural development. In this article we argue that the specific accommodation of Froebelian pedagogy in pre‐revolutionary Russia created the foundation for the presence of Froebelian ideas in the curriculum of Soviet Early Childhood Education.

KeywordsEducational History; Educational Theories; Educational Change; Preschool Education; Kindergarten; Foreign Countries; Russia
Year2006
JournalHistory of Education
Journal citation35 (2), pp. 189 - 207
PublisherRoutledge: Taylor & Francis Group
ISSN0046-760X
1464-5130
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1080/00467600500528065
Official URLhttps://doi.org/10.1080/00467600500528065
Publication dates
PrintMar 2006
Online01 Jun 2006
Publication process dates
Deposited15 Jun 2020
Accepted author manuscript
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
References

1 Shabaeva, M. K., ed. Istoriy Pedagogiky. Moskva: Prosveshtenie, 1981.

2 Frolova, Olga A. “Teoriata Na Fridrih Freobel Za Vazpitanieto Na Decata Ot Preduchilishtna Vazdrast.” In Istoria Na Pedagogikata. Rakovodstvo Za Pedagogicheskite Uchilishta Za Detski Uchitely, edited by M. K. Shabaeva. Sofia: Darjavno Izdatelstvo Narodna Prosveta, 1954.

3 Yadeshko, Vera S., and V.A. Sahina. Doshkol’naia Pedagogika. Moskva: Prosveshtenie, 1978. See also Helmut Konig, Friedrich Wilhelm August Froebel 1782–1852: Scenes from the Life and Work of a Great Educator and Lover of Children, translated by Melanie Selfe–Berlin: Volk und Wissen Volkseigner, 1982.

4 Zakharova, Larissa. “Autocracy, Bureaucracy, and the Reform of the 1860s in Russia.” Soviet Studies in History, Spring (1991).

5 Clyman, Toby W., and Judith Vowles, eds. Russia through Women’s Eyes: Autobiographies from Tsarist Russia, Russian Literature and Thought. New Haven, CT–London: Yale University Press, 1996.

6 Jeravina, Avrina M. “P. I. Makushin and ‘Detskiy Sad Po Metode Frebel’a ‘V Tomske.” Vestnik Tomskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta, no. 268 (1999): 14–18.

7 For more information on the policy of the government see Kniazev, Evgeny A. Genezis Vysheva Pedagogicheskogo Obrazovania V Rassii V Xix–Nachale Xx Vekov: Smena Paradigm. Moskva: Sent’iabr.

8 Kassow, Samuel D. Students, Professors, and the State in Tsarist Russia, Studies on the History of Society and Culture. Berkeley, CA–London: University of California Press, 1989.

9 Kniazev, Genezis Vysheva Pedagogicheskogo Obrazovania V Rassii V Xix–Nachale Xx Vekov

10 Byford, Andy. “Between Literary Education and Academic Learning: The Study of Literature at Secondary School in Late Imperial Russia 1860s–1900s.” History Of Education 33, no. 6 (2004): 640.

11 Saltikov‐Shedrin, Michail E. Sobranie Sochinenia. B 20 Tomah., vol. 9. Moscow: Hudojestvennay literatura, 1974: 349.

12 Vodovosova, Elisaveta. N. Na Zare Jizni: V. 2.. Moscow: Hudojestvennay literatura, 1987.

13 Chuvashev, Ivan V. “Vidnie Teoretiki I Practiki Doshkol’nogo Vaspitania Vtoroi Poloviny Xix B.” In Istoria Pedakogike, edited by M. K. Shabaeva. Moskva: Prosvishtenie, 1981.

14 Princess Helen was called by Tsar Nicholas I “the scholar of our family”.

15 Buelow‐Wendhausen, Bertha. The Life of the Baroness Von Marenholtz‐Buelow, 2 vols. New York: W. B. Harison, 1901.

16 Riasanovsky, Nicholas Valentine. Russia and the West in the Teaching of the Slavophiles: A Study of Romantic Ideology. Harvard Historical Studies Vol. 61. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1952.

17 Vodovosov, Vasilii I. Izbrannie Pedagogicheskie Sochinenia. Moskva: Pedagogika, 1986: 38.

18 Vodovosov, “Izbrannie Pedagogicheskie Sochinenia”, 52.

19 Vodovosov, “Izbrannie Pedagogicheskie Sochinenia”, 57.

22 Ushinsky, Konstantin D. “Otchet O Komandirovke Za Garnicu.” In Sobrannye Sochineniy: B 11 T. Leningrad: Izdatelstvo Akademiy Pedagogicheskih Nauk, 1948: 499.

20 Barnard, Henry. Papers on Froebel’s Kindergarten, with Suggestions on Principles and Methods of Child‐Culture in Different Countries. Republished from the American Journal of Education, American Froebel Union edn. Hartford, CT: American Journal of Education, 1881.

21 Cipro, Miroslav. “Konstantin Dimitrievich Uchinsky (1823–71).” Prospects: the Quarterly Review of Contemporary Education (UNESCO) 24, nos 3/4 (1994). Alexander, Robin J. Culture and Pedagogy: International Comparisons in Primary Education. Oxford–Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 2000: 71. “The father of the Russian primary school.”

23 Marenholtz‐Bülow, Bertha Maria. Reminiscences of Friedrich Froebel, translated by M. Mann. London: W. S. Sonnenschein & Co, 1887.

24 Bolshaia Sovetskaia Enciklopedia. Vol. 5. Moscow: Sovetskaia enciclopedia, 1970.

25 Chistiakov, Mikhail B. “Froebel. Kindergarten abroad.” Journal of the Ministry of Public Education, no. 5 (1868).

26 Weber, Christiane. Minna Schellhorn 1829–1910 (2001 [cited 13 January 2005]). Available from http://www.ozpod.com/150/schellhorn.html; INTERNET.

27 Tolstoy, Lev N. Polnoe Sobrannie Sochinenii, Vol. 8. Moskva: Gos. izd‐vo khudozh. lit‐ry, 1938: 19.

28 Troyat, Henry. Tolstoy. New York, Grove Press, 2001.

29 For Tolstoy’s libertarian views on education see Kropotkin, Petr Alekseevich Kniaz. Russian Literature: Ideals and Realities. London: Duckworth & Co, 1905.

30 Tolstoy, Lev N. Polnoe Sobrannie Sochinenii, Vol. 8. Moskva: Gos. izd‐vo khudozh. lit‐ry, 1938: 9.

31 Pinkevitch, Albert P. The New Education in the Soviet Republic New York: The John Day Company, 1929; Shabaeva, ed., Istoriy Pedagogiky.

32 Simonovich, Adelaida. “K istorii detskogo sada: po materialom jurnala Vestnik vaspitania, 1896.” Doshkol’noe vaspitanie no. 3 (2005).

33 Obuhova, Ludmila F. Detskaia (vozrastnaia) psihologia. Moscow: Rosiiskoe pedagogicheskoe agentstvo, 1996.

34 Kirschenbaum, Lisa. “The Kindergarten and the Revolutionary Tradition in Russia.” In Kindergartens and Cultures: The Global Diffusion of an Idea, edited by Roberta Lyn Wollons. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2000.

35 Frolova, “Teoriata Na Fridrih Freobel Za Vazpitanieto Na Decata Ot Preduchilishtna Vazdrast.”

36 Chuvashev, Ivan V. “Vidnie Teoretiki I Practiki Doshkol’nogo Vaspitania Vtoroi Poloviny Xix B.” In Istoria Pedakogike, edited by M.K. Shabaeva. Moskva: Prosvishtenie, 1981.

37 Vodovosov, Izbrannie Pedagogicheskie Sochinenia.

38 Pinkevitch, The New Education in the Soviet Republic; Shabaeva, ed., Istoriy Pedagogiky.

39 Leites, Nathan S. “Kapterev Kak Psiholog Detstva. 150 Let So Dnia Rojdenia.” Voprosy Psihologii no. 4 (1998): 84–94.See also Kondratieva, Galina. “Journal Uchitel: God Rojdenia 1861.” Available from http://www.ychitel.com/readme.html (accessed 20 May 2005); INTERNET.

40 Dvorianov, Sergey B. Problem Absoluta I Duhovnoi Individualnosty V Philosophskom Dialoge N.O. Losskova, B.P. Bysheslavceva I S.L. Franka. Available from Institute of Philosophy at Russian Academy of Science, http://www.philosophy.ru/library/dvor/candis.html (accessed 2 August 2005); INTERNET.

41 Kindergartens were established in Moscow, Kiev, Odessa, Warszawa, Orenburg, Tiflis and Tomsk, I.V. “Obshtestvenno‐Pedagogicheskoe Dvijenie 60‐H Godov Iix V. I Razvitie Pedagogicheskoy Mysli.” In Istoria Pedagogiki, edited by M. K. Shabaeva. Moskva: Prosveshtenie, 1981.

42 Starostina, Vera. “Iz Istorii: Pervy V Rossie.” Uchitel’skaia Gazeta, 2 February 2004.

43 Starostina, Iz Istorii: Pervy V Rossie; see also Pinkevitch, The New Education in the Soviet Republic; and Shabaeva, ed., Istoriy Pedagogiky.

44 Jeravina, P.I. Makushin and “Detskiy Sad Po Metode Frebel’a.

45 Chuvashev, Obshtestvenno‐Pedagogicheskoe Dvijenie 60‐H Godov Xix V. I Razvitie Pedagogicheskoy Mysli.

46 See Simonovich, K istorii detskogo sada: po materialom jurnala Vestnik vaspitania.

47 See Simonovich, K istorii detskogo sada: po materialom jurnala Vestnik vaspitania.

48 Kolmikova, M. N., and B. I. Loginova, eds. Istoria Sovetskoy Doshkolnoy Vospitanii. Moscow: Prosveshtenie, 1988.

49 Shabaeva, ed., Istoriy Pedagogiky.

50 Kravetz, B. P., O. I. Meshko, and O.I. Yankovich. Programa I plany seminarskih zanyat navchal’nogo kursu Istoriya pedagogiki : dlya studentov vyhsix pedagogichnih osviti. Ternopil: TDPU im V.Gnatuka, 2001.

51 Kravetz, Meshko and Yankovich, Programa I Plany Seminarskih Zanyat Navchal’nogo Kursu Istoriya Pedagogiki: Dlya Studentov Vishih Pedagogichnih Osviti.

52 Ot redakcy. “Vera Feodorovna Schmidt—Avtor ‘Dnevnika Matery’.” in Development of Personality (2002). See also Brehony, Kevin J. “Representations of Socialist Educational Experiments in the 1920s and 1930s: The Place of the Sciences of Education.” In Education Nouvelle—Sciences De L’education, edited by Rita Hofstetter and Bernard Schneuwly. Bern: Peter Lang, 2006 (forthcoming).

53 Shabaeva, ed., Istoriy Pedagogiky.

54 Piskunov, Aleksei, I. ed. Istoria Pedagogiki I Obrazovania. Moskva: Tvorcheskiy Centr Sphera, 2003.

55 Piskunov, Istoria Pedagogiki I Obrazovania.

56 There was a German ethnic group in Russia whose population came to live in Russia during the time of Catherine the Great.

57 Pinkevitch, The New Education in the Soviet Republic.

58 Piskunov, Istoria Pedagogiki I Obrazovania.

59 Wood, Elizabeth A. Performing Justice: Agitation Trials in Early Soviet Russia. Ithaca, NY–London: Cornell University Press, 2005: 27.

60 Piskunov, Istoria Pedagogiki I Obrazovania.

61 “Comunisticheskaia Shkola.” Staraia Moskva, 12 February 1908.

62 Shabaeva, ed., Istoriy Pedagogiky.

63 Catherine A Grubb. “Didn’t Someone Invite Patty? Haw Patty Smith Hill’s Vision of International Education Has Crossed the Border in a Most Unusual Place.” Paper presented at the Association for Childhood Education International Conference San Diego, CA, 2002.

64 Criblez, Barbara S., and B. S. Criblez, “John Dewey’s Teaching Methods in the Discussion on German‐Language Kindergartens—a Case of Non‐Perception? Kindergartens—a Case of Non‐Perception?” Studies in Philosophy and Education 19, no. 1 (2000).

65 Shleger, Luiza K. “K Rabote Doshkolnogo Otdela.” In Etapy Novoy Shkoly, edited by S.T. Shatsky. Moskva: Rabotnik prosveshtenia, 1923.

66 Jeravina, “P. I. Makushin and “Detskiy Sad Po Metode Frebel’a ‘V Tomske.”

67 Hiterer, V. “Evreiskoe Obrazovanie V Ukrainskoi Narodnoy Respublike (1917–1920).” Vestnik Evreiskogo Universiteta v Moskve 3, no. 13 (1996).

68 “Commissar” in Lenin’s government was the new word for “minister”. Lunacharsky served as a Commissar of Education from 1917 to 1929.

69 Fitzpatrick, Sheila. The Commissariat of Enlightenment: Soviet Organization of Education and the Arts under Lunacharsky, October 1917–1921. Soviet and East European studies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970. Holmes, Larry E. The Kremlin and the Schoolhouse: Reforming Education in Soviet Russia, 1917–1931, Indiana‐Michigan Series in Russia and East European Studies. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991.

70 The Declaration was published in the weekly NKP “People Education,” nn. 69–70.

71 Lunacharsky, A. “Declaration of Preschool Education.” Narodnoe obrazovanie no. 8 (1967): 82.

72 Kolmikova and Loginova, eds, Istoria Sovetskoy Doshkolnoy Vospitanii.

73 Lenin, Vladimir I. “Rech Na I Vserossiyskom Saezde Po Prosveshteniu 28 Avgusta 1918.” In Polnoe Sabranie Sochinenia. Moscow: Izdanie Institutom Marksizma‐Leninizma pri CK KPSS, 1960.

74 Evgeny Nikolaevich Medinsky (1885–1957) Professor (1926), Doctor of Education (1935). During 1915–17 he had taught Froebel Courses in Saint Petersburg. He was the author of the first Marxist Soviet text book on the History of Education: History of Education in a Context of Economic Development of the Society, vols 1 and 2 (1925–29) and many other manuals of History of Education for university students. Professor MGPI (Moscow State Educational Institute V.I. Lenin). He was involved in the editing and publishing of the works of S. T. Shatsky and A. S. Makarenko.

75 Boguslavsky, M. B. “Medinsky Evgeniy Nicolaevich.” In Pedagogicheskay Enciclopedia. Moscow: Sovetskaia enciclopedia, 1986.

76 Lenin, Vladimir. I. Stranichki Iz Dnevnika. Vol. 45, Polnoe Sabranie Sochinenia. Moscow: Izdanie Institutom Marksizma‐Leninizma pri CK KPSS, 1960.

77 Fitzpatrick, The Commissariat of Enlightenment: Soviet Organization of Education and the Arts under Lunacharskyoctober 1917–1921; Holmes, The Kremlin and the Schoolhouse: Reforming Education in Soviet Russia, 1917–1931; Kolmikova and Loginova, eds, Istoria Sovetskoy Doshkolnoy Vospitanii.

78 Dewey, John. Impressions of Soviet Russia and the Revolutionary World. New York: New Public, 1929.

79 Mikhail B Boguslavskii,. 2005. Vek Obrazovania. 1918. Nadejda Konstantinovna Krupskaya In, http://biblio.narod.ru/gyrnal/obl/soder_gyrn.htm. (accessed 2nd August, 2005).

81 Krupskaya, K Vaprosy O Socialisticheskoy Shkole.

80 Krupskaya, Nadejda. K. “K Vaprosy O Socialisticheskoy Shkole.” In Pedagogicheskie Sochinenia Moskva: Pedagogika, 1959; Krupskaya, N. K. “Ob Osobennostrh Doshkol’nogo Vozrasta.” In Pedagogicheskie Sochinenia; Krupskaya, N. K. “Proidenny Put.” In Pedagogicheskie Sochinenia.

82 Krupskaya, Proidenny Put.

83 Brehony, Kevin J. “Representations of Socialist Educational Experiments in the 1920s and 1930s: The Place of the Sciences of Education.” In Education Nouvelle—Sciences De L’education, edited by Rita Hofstetter and Bernard Schneuwly. Bern: Peter Lang, 2006 (forthcoming).

84 Shatsky, Stanislav T. “Na Puty K Trudovoi Shkole.” In Izbrannie Pedagocheskie Sochinenia, edited by M. N. Skatina, B. N. Shatskoy and N. P. Kusina. Moscow: Pedagogika, 1980.

85 Doshkol’ny Otdel Nar.Kom. po Prosveshteniu. “Instrukcia Po Vedeniu Ochaga I Detskogo Sada.” In Sprqavochnik Po Doshkol”nomy Vaspitaniu. Moskva: Lit.‐izd. otdel Narodnogo Komissariata po Prosveshteniu, 1919: 38.

86 Frolova, Teoriata Na Fridrih Freobel Za Vazpitanieto Na Decata Ot Preduchilishtna Vazdrast.

87 Wollons, Roberta L., ed. Kindergartens and Cultures: The Global Diffusion of an Idea. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2000. Kolev, Jordan. Pedagogicheska Istoria: Preduchilishnoto Vazpitanie v Balgaria. Blagoevgrad: UZU Neofit Rilsky University Press, 1999.

Permalink -

https://repository.canterbury.ac.uk/item/8vqv1/the-gifts-and-contributions-friedrich-froebel-and-russian-education-1850-1929

Download files

Accepted author manuscript
gifts proof.pdf
File access level: Open

  • 7
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

The experimental stations and psychoanalytic laboratory in Soviet Russia, 1917-1929
Valkanova, D. 2020. The experimental stations and psychoanalytic laboratory in Soviet Russia, 1917-1929. in: Reimagining Teaching in Early 20th Century Experimental Schools New York Palgrave Macmillan United States. pp. 1 - 51
Reimagining teaching in early 20th century experimental schools
Hai, A.A., May, H., Nawrotzki, K., Prochner, L. and Valkanova, Y. 2020. Reimagining teaching in early 20th century experimental schools. New York Palgrave Macmillan United States.
Children's literature, Jewish seculariasation and the profesionalisation of kindergarten teachers in Russia and Eastern Europe, 1909-1925
Valkanova, Y. 2019. Children's literature, Jewish seculariasation and the profesionalisation of kindergarten teachers in Russia and Eastern Europe, 1909-1925. in: Veraksa, A.N. (ed.) Early childhood care and education, Conference Proceeding, Early childhood care and education VIII International conference (ECCE 2019) Moscow 29 May — 1 June 2019 Moscow Moscow State University M.B.Lomonosov Publishing House . pp. 118-119
The development of early childhood education in Europe and North America: historical and comparative perspectives
Valkanova, D. 2016. The development of early childhood education in Europe and North America: historical and comparative perspectives. History of Education. 46 (3), pp. 401-402.
Childhood through the ages
Valkanova, D. 2017. Childhood through the ages. in: Powell, S. and Smith, K. (ed.) An Introduction to Early Childhood Studies Sage.
Froebelian conferences at Canterbury Christ Church University
Bruce, T. and Valkanova,Y. 2018. Froebelian conferences at Canterbury Christ Church University. in: Bruce, T., Elfer, P., Powell, S. and Werth, L. (ed.) The Routledge International Handbook of Froebel and Early Childhood Practice Re-articulating Research and Policy Routledge, Taylor and Francis.
The psychoanalytic kindergarten project in Soviet Russia 1921–1930
Valkanova, Y. 2018. The psychoanalytic kindergarten project in Soviet Russia 1921–1930. in: Bruce, T., Elfer, P., Powell, S. and Werth, L. (ed.) The Routledge International Handbook of Froebel and Early Childhood Practice Abingdon Routledge. pp. 50-52
Constructions of nature and emerging ideas in children’s education and care, 1600s - 1900s
Valkanova, Y. 2015. Constructions of nature and emerging ideas in children’s education and care, 1600s - 1900s. in: David, T., Goouch, K. and Powell, S. (ed.) The Routledge International Handbook of Philosophies and Theories of Early Childhood Education and Care London Routledge. pp. 11-18
Childhood through the ages
Valkanova, D. 2013. Childhood through the ages. in: Maynard, T. and Powell, S. (ed.) An Introduction to Early Childhood Studies London SAGE Publications Ltd. pp. 22-33
The passion for educating the ‘‘New Man’’: debates about preschooling in Soviet Russia, 1917–1925
Valkanova, D. 2009. The passion for educating the ‘‘New Man’’: debates about preschooling in Soviet Russia, 1917–1925. History of Education Quarterly. 49 (2), pp. 211-221.
Play and happy childhood: the value of play in the Eastern European migrant parents' narratives
Valkanova, D. 2008. Play and happy childhood: the value of play in the Eastern European migrant parents' narratives.
Is self-reflection an emotional experience? Rethinking the use of video in the primary science classroom
Valkanova, D. 2009. Is self-reflection an emotional experience? Rethinking the use of video in the primary science classroom.
Migrant children's learning experiences in the UK
Valkanova, D. 2009. Migrant children's learning experiences in the UK.
Being a rara avis: the educational experiences of Bulgarian children in schools in London
Valkanova, D. 2009. Being a rara avis: the educational experiences of Bulgarian children in schools in London. in: Eade, J. and Valkanova, D. (ed.) Accession and Migration: Changing Policy, Society and Culture in an Enlarged Europe Farnham Ashgate. pp. 133-142
Introduction
Eade, J. and Valkanova, D. 2009. Introduction. in: Eade, J. and Valkanova, D. (ed.) Accession and Migration: Changing Policy, Society and Culture in an Enlarged Europe Farnham, UK Ashgate Publishing Ltd. pp. 1-10
The passion for educating the “new man”: debates about preschooling in Soviet Russia, 1917-1925
Valkanova, D. 2009. The passion for educating the “new man”: debates about preschooling in Soviet Russia, 1917-1925. History of Education Quarterly. 49 (2), pp. 211-221.
Digital storytelling in a science classroom: reflective self learning (RSL) in action
Valkanova, D. and Watts, Mike. 2008. Digital storytelling in a science classroom: reflective self learning (RSL) in action. in: Evans, R. and Jones, D. (ed.) Metacognitive Approaches to Developing Oracy: Developing Speaking and Listening with Young Children Abingdon Routledge. pp. 225-241
Breaking down the stereotypes: gender and achievement in schools
Skelton, C., Francis, B. and Valkanova, D. 2007. Breaking down the stereotypes: gender and achievement in schools. Manchester Equal Opportunities Commission. doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.3135.4083