The bio in the ink: cartilage regeneration with bioprintable hydrogels and articular cartilage-derived progenitor cells
Levato, R., Webb, R., Otto, I., Mensinga, A., Zhang, Y., van Rijen, M., van Weeren, P., Khan, I. and Malda, J. 2017. The bio in the ink: cartilage regeneration with bioprintable hydrogels and articular cartilage-derived progenitor cells. Acta Biomaterialia. 61, pp. 41-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2017.08.005
|Authors||Levato, R., Webb, R., Otto, I., Mensinga, A., Zhang, Y., van Rijen, M., van Weeren, P., Khan, I. and Malda, J.|
Cell-laden hydrogels are the primary building blocks for bioprinting, and, also termed bioinks, are the foundations for creating structures that can potentially recapitulate the architecture of articular cartilage. To be functional, hydrogel constructs need to unlock the regenerative capacity of encapsulated cells. The recent identification of multipotent articular cartilage-resident chondroprogenitor cells (ACPCs), which share important traits with adult stem cells, represents a new opportunity for cartilage regeneration. However, little is known about the suitability of ACPCs for tissue engineering, especially in combination with biomaterials.
This study aimed to investigate the potential of ACPCs in hydrogels for cartilage regeneration and biofabrication, and to evaluate their ability for zone-specific matrix production. Gelatin methacryloyl (gelMA)-based hydrogels were used to culture ACPCs, bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and chondrocytes, and as bioinks for printing. Our data shows ACPCs outperformed chondrocytes in terms of neo-cartilage production and unlike MSCs, ACPCs had the lowest gene expression levels of hypertrophy marker collagen type X, and the highest expression of PRG4, a key factor in joint lubrication. Co-cultures of the cell types in multi-compartment hydrogels allowed generating constructs with a layered distribution of collagens and glycosaminoglycans. By combining ACPC- and MSC-laden bioinks, a bioprinted model of articular cartilage was generated, consisting of defined superficial and deep regions, each with distinct cellular and extracellular matrix composition.
Taken together, these results provide important information for the use of ACPC-laden hydrogels in regenerative medicine, and pave the way to the biofabrication of 3D constructs with multiple cell types for cartilage regeneration or in vitro tissue models.
|Keywords||Biofabrication; cartilage regeneration; chondroprogenitor cells; co-culture; hydrogel; stem cells|
|Journal citation||61, pp. 41-53|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2017.08.005|
|01 Oct 2017|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||26 Mar 2019|
|Accepted||03 Aug 2017|
|Accepted author manuscript|
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