Taking another’s visual perspective: examining the role of biased thoughts, salient objects and distracting environments

Conference poster


Cane, J., Ferguson, H. and Ulrich, P. 2017. Taking another’s visual perspective: examining the role of biased thoughts, salient objects and distracting environments.
AuthorsCane, J., Ferguson, H. and Ulrich, P.
TypeConference poster
Description

Taking another’s perspective is central to effective social interactions. Understanding another’s visual perspective (e.g. what another person can see (level 1), and how another person can see something (level 2)) can help to resolve potential ambiguities in social communication.

This research takes a novel approach by exploring the extent to which biases in a person’s thoughts, the saliency of objects in the environment, and the environment itself affects the ability to take another’s visual perspective.

In study 1, we explored whether a distracting environment (e.g. a bar for social drinkers) and specific thoughts (cravings for alcohol) impacted visual perspective-taking. Results showed that neither had a significant effect on perspective-taking ability (ps > .1).

In study 2, we explored whether the presence of personally salient objects (e.g. alcohol objects in social drinkers) interfered with visual perspective-taking. These objects delayed visual perspective-taking when they were visually available to both parties and there was inconsistent information between the perspectives (p < .05).

In study 3, we examined the role of objects further by exploring whether the frequency of exposure to unfamiliar objects (e.g. abstract symbols) affected visual perspective-taking. Here the frequency of occurrence did not affect perspective-taking.

Together, these findings indicate that the salient nature of objects, rather than specific environments or related cognitions, impact the ability to effectively take others’ visual perspective, but only where they relate to a specific context (e.g. alcohol cues instead of abstract symbols).

We will discuss implications for the impact of external influences on taking another’s perspective.

Year2017
Conference18th General Meeting of the European Association of Social Psychology
Related URLhttp://www.easpgranada2017.com/index.php
Publication process dates
Deposited30 Aug 2017
Completed08 Jul 2017
Permalink -

https://repository.canterbury.ac.uk/item/8851q/taking-another-s-visual-perspective-examining-the-role-of-biased-thoughts-salient-objects-and-distracting-environments

  • 10
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 4
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Effects of length of mindfulness practice on mindfulness, depression, anxiety and stress: a randomized controlled experiment
Strohmaier, S., Jones, F. and Cane, J. 2020. Effects of length of mindfulness practice on mindfulness, depression, anxiety and stress: a randomized controlled experiment. Mindfulness. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-020-01512-5
Designing IoT resources to support outdoor play for children
Dylan,T., Wood, G., Durrant, A.C., Vines, J., Torres, P.E., Ulrich, P.I.N., Cukurova, M., Carr, A., Çerçi, S. and Lawson, S. 2020. Designing IoT resources to support outdoor play for children . in: CHI '20: Proceedings of the 2020 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems ACM. pp. 1-12
Designing for digital playing out
Wood, G., Dylan, T., Durrant, A., Torres, P., Ulrich, P., Carr, A., Cukurova, M., Downey, D., McGrath, P., Balaam, M., Ferguson, A., Vines, J. and Lawson, S. 2019. Designing for digital playing out. in: Brewster, S. and Fitzpatrick, G. (ed.) CHI '19: Proceedings of the 2019 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems New York ACM. pp. 1-15
Neural correlates of group bias during natural viewing
Andrews, T., Smith, R., Hoggart, R., Ulrich, P. and Gouws, A. 2018. Neural correlates of group bias during natural viewing. Cerebral Cortex. https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhy206
The impact of alcohol cognitions and contexts on perspective tasking
Cane, J., Ferguson, H., Ulrich, P. and Apperly, I. 2016. The impact of alcohol cognitions and contexts on perspective tasking.
Eye-tracking reveals the cost of switching between self and other perspectives in a visual perspective-taking task
Ferguson, H., Apperly, I. and Cane, J. 2016. Eye-tracking reveals the cost of switching between self and other perspectives in a visual perspective-taking task. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 70 (8), pp. 1646-1660. https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2016.1199716
Validation of the theoretical domains framework for use in behaviour change and implementation research
Cane, J., O'Connor, D. and Michie, S. 2012. Validation of the theoretical domains framework for use in behaviour change and implementation research. Implementation Science : IS. 7 (1), p. 37. https://doi.org/10.1186/1748-5908-7-37
The time-course of recovery from interruption during reading: Eye movement evidence for the role of interruption lag and spatial memory
Cane, J., Cauchard, F. and Weger, U. 2012. The time-course of recovery from interruption during reading: Eye movement evidence for the role of interruption lag and spatial memory. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. 65 (7), pp. 1397-1413. https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2012.656666
Behaviour change among overweight and socially disadvantaged adults: a longitudinal study of the NHS Health Trainer Service
Gardner, B., Cane, J., Rumsey, N. and Michie, S. 2012. Behaviour change among overweight and socially disadvantaged adults: a longitudinal study of the NHS Health Trainer Service. Psychology and Health. 27 (10), pp. 1178-1193. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2011.652112
The Behavior Change Technique Taxonomy (v1) of 93 hierarchically clustered techniques: building an international consensus for the reporting of behavior change interventions
Michie, S., Richardson, M., Johnston, M., Abraham, C., Francis, J., Hardeman, W., Eccles, M., Cane, J. and Wood, C. 2013. The Behavior Change Technique Taxonomy (v1) of 93 hierarchically clustered techniques: building an international consensus for the reporting of behavior change interventions. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 46 (1), pp. 81-95. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-013-9486-6
From lists of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) to structured hierarchies: comparison of two methods of developing a hierarchy of BCTs
Cane, J., Richardson, M., Johnston, M., Ladha, R. and Michie, S. 2014. From lists of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) to structured hierarchies: comparison of two methods of developing a hierarchy of BCTs. British Journal of Health Psychology. 20 (1), pp. 130-150. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12102
Empathy predicts false belief reasoning ability: evidence from the N400
Ferguson, H., Cane, J., Douchkov, M. and Wright, D. 2014. Empathy predicts false belief reasoning ability: evidence from the N400. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 10 (6), pp. 848-855. https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsu131
Examining the cognitive costs of counterfactual language comprehension: evidence from ERPs
Ferguson, H. and Cane, J. 2015. Examining the cognitive costs of counterfactual language comprehension: evidence from ERPs. Brain Research. 1622, pp. 252-269. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2015.05.024
The addiction Stroop task: examining the fast and slow effects of smoking and marijuana-related cues
Cane, J., Sharma, D. and Albery, I. 2008. The addiction Stroop task: examining the fast and slow effects of smoking and marijuana-related cues. Journal of Psychopharmacology. 23 (5), pp. 510-519. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269881108091253
Using perspective to resolve reference: the impact of cognitive load and motivation
Cane, J., Ferguson, H. and Apperly, I. 2017. Using perspective to resolve reference: the impact of cognitive load and motivation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000345
Task constraints distinguish perspective inferences from perspective use during discourse interpretation in a false belief task
Ferguson, H., Apperly, I., Ahmad, J., Bindemann, M. and Cane, J. 2015. Task constraints distinguish perspective inferences from perspective use during discourse interpretation in a false belief task. Cognition. 139, pp. 50-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2015.02.010
Influence of background speech and music in interrupted reading: an eye-tracking study
Cauchard, F., Cane, J. and Weger, U. 2011. Influence of background speech and music in interrupted reading: an eye-tracking study. Applied Cognitive Psychology. 26 (3), pp. 381-390. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.1837
Tracking the impact of depression in a perspective-taking task
Ferguson, H. and Cane, J. 2017. Tracking the impact of depression in a perspective-taking task. Scientific Reports. 7. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-13922-y