Engagement of families in ICU from the nursing staff perspective

Conference paper


Price, A., Brysiewicz, P., Eggenberger, S. and Naef, R. 2019. Engagement of families in ICU from the nursing staff perspective.
AuthorsPrice, A., Brysiewicz, P., Eggenberger, S. and Naef, R.
TypeConference paper
Description

Background:
Family engagement in intensive care units (ICU) is proposed as a way to increase active partnership with patients and move away from paternalism (Burns et al 2018). Family engagement and family-centred care are closely linked to improve the quality of care. The term and practice of ‘family engagement’ is complex but Burns et al (2018) viewed patient and family engagement as a way to achieve family centred care. Promoting family engagement within the ICU setting is recognised as more challenging to nursing practice because of the added emotional aspects for families of acutely ill patients (Brown et al 2015).

This research was part of an international collaboration supported by the Family Care in Acute and Critical Illness Research Cluster which is supported by the International Family Nursing Association. This presentation will focus on the findings of the UK aspect of the research.

Research Question:
How do nurses from one English setting describe their nursing engagement with families of adults admitted in intensive care units?

Methods:
A social ecological approach (Bronfenbrenner, 1979) was used for this study. Social ecology acknowledges that families are complex groups that interact with other people and their world to provide meaning.

Data were collected including demographic information, individual semi-structured qualitative interviews which were transcribed, and a questionnaire ‘Factors That Influence Family Engagement (QFIFE)’ (Hetland, Hickman, McAndrew, & Daly, 2017).

One intensive care unit in the South East of England was used for this study. Permanent members of the nursing team were invited to participate. Analysis was undertaken using a statistic package (SPSS version 21) for questionnaire data and a content analysis approach for qualitative data.

Ethical approval was gained from the University and Gray Area Project approval from the healthcare organisation.

Results:
Seven participants completed all aspects of the data collection. All participants rated that family engagement was important. Engagement varied depending of the acuity of the patient with nurses deciding the level of family engagement at a particular point in the patient journey. As the patients’ illness stabilised the involvement of the family was promoted. The family engagement role can be described as observers, encouragers, supporter or active participants in patient care. Staff were particularly concerned about maintaining the safety of the patient during any family activities and developing good communication.

Initial analysis suggests that nurses regulate family engagement to ensure safety of patients and to promote recovery. Families need encouragement from ICU nurses to engage in a meaningful way. Building rapport and setting boundaries are skills needed by nurses and families value explanation of care.

Conclusions:
Family engagement needs careful consideration about the amount and type of activities that are appropriate and safe for families to undertake at a particular point. However, family engagement is seen as positive contribution to the patient recovery journey. This international project will continue to compare and combine results across the world. Consideration of future initiatives to family engagement in ICU will be further outlined.

Year2019
ConferenceBritish Association of Critical Care Nurses conference
FunderBritish Association of Critical Care Nurses
References

Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development: Experiments by nature and design. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Burns, K.E.A.; Misak, C.; Herridge, M.; Meade, M.O.; Oczkowski, S. (2018) Pateint and family engagement in the ICU: Untapped opporutnities and underrecognized challenges. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 198 (3): 310-319

Hetland, B., Hickman, R. McAndrew, N. & Daly, B. (2017). Factors that influence active family engagement in care among critical care nurses. AACN Advanced Critical Care, 28(2), 160-170.

Additional information

Acknowledgements – Members of the International Research team.

Patricia Beierwaltes DNP, CPNP School of Nursing Minnesota State University, Mankato, USA.

Vico C.L. Chiang PhD, RN, FHKAN (Critical Care), FHKAN (Research & Education - Education). The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.

David Clisbee MFA, MA TESL / Applied Linguistics Technology Expert and SupportComputer Information Science Department, Minnesota State University, Mankato, USA.

Junko Honda
PhD, RN, PHN, CTN-A Division of Family Health Care Nursing, Graduate school of Health Sciences, University, Japan.

Natalie S. McAndrew PhD, RN, ACNS-BC, CCRN, Assistant Professor College of Nursing, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.

Martin Nagl-Cupal PhD, RN Department of Nursing Science, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Anna Richardson RN, MPH (Distinction) Department of Nursing, Midwifery and Allied Health, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Sandra Richardson PhD, The Centre for Postgraduate Nursing Studies, Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences & University of Otago & Christchurch High Acuity and Emergency Department, New Zealand.

Tara M. Tehan MSN, MBA, RN, NE-BC, SCRN Massachusetts General Hospital Neuroscience Intensive Care Unit & PhD Student, Graduate School of Nursing, University of Massachusetts Worcester, USA.

Jennifer de Beer PhD Critical Care Nursing at College of Nursing- Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Amanda Towell-Barnard School of Nursing and Midwifery, Edith Cowan University & Centre for Nursing Research, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Perth, Australia.

Beverly Ewens, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia.

Sonja J. Meiers PhD, RN, PHN Professor and Director of Graduate Programs in Nursing Winona State University-Rochester, MN.

Victoria Stirrup Research Assistant, Canterbury Christ Church University.

Publication process dates
Deposited22 May 2019
Accepted20 May 2019
Accepted author manuscript
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https://repository.canterbury.ac.uk/item/88zv2/engagement-of-families-in-icu-from-the-nursing-staff-perspective

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