Exploring spiritual care in nurse education: is phenomenology the right tool for the job?
Price, A. 2017. Exploring spiritual care in nurse education: is phenomenology the right tool for the job?
Spiritual care is considered important as part of holistic practice within nursing (Cooper et al 2013). The Nursing and Midwifery Council Standards for Pre-registration Nursing Education (2010) states that nurses need to assess spiritual aspects. However, the reality is that spiritual care is poorly addressed in education leaving nursing students feeling unprepared to deal with issues (Bennett & Thompson 2015). This paper will argue that Van Manens’ ‘Phenomenology of Practice’ (2014) has a philosophical and methodological perspective that can reveal the complexity of spiritual care when exploring student nurses experiences.
Western society is seen as pluralistic and diverse in spiritual matters (MacLaren 2004) but there is debate around whether spiritual expression should be a private or public concern. Within a secularised society, spirituality has generally been seen as a private issue but whether it is possible to detach personal beliefs from public function is contested. Consequently, there is discussion about whether spiritual care is part of the nurses’ role in a secular healthcare setting and this can lead to confusion in practice (Bennett & Thompson 2015). Phenomenology focuses on the individual lifeworld and meaning attached to lived experience (Heinonen 2015) and involves reduction, description and searching for essences (Finlay 2009) which is a suitable approach for this subject area.
Cooper, K.L.; Chang, E.; Sheehan, A.; Johnson, A. (2013) ‘The impact of spiritual care education upon preparing undergraduate nursing students to provide spiritual care’. Nurse Education Today. 33. 1057-1061
Heinonen K (2015) van Manen’s method and reduction in a phenomenological hermeneutic
MacLaren, J. (2004) ‘A kaleidoscope of understandings: spiritual nursing in a multi-faith society.’ Journal of Advanced Nursing. 45 (5): 457-46
|Conference||Christianity, Education and Contemporary Culture|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||11 Jul 2017|
|Accepted||27 Apr 2017|
|Accepted author manuscript|
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