The art world’s response to the challenge of inequality
Cant, S. 2020. The art world’s response to the challenge of inequality. London International Inequalities Institute, London School of Economics and Political Science.
This paper considers the challenges which rising economic inequality poses to the art world with a special focus on museums and galleries in the UK. Based on interviews with artists, curators and managers of leading art institutions in London, we discuss how issues of economic inequality are reflected in their thinking about cultural work and how these relate to questions of spatial power, post-colonial sensibilities and diversity issues. We show how increasing economic inequality brings about deep-seated, systematic and sustained challenges which extend well beyond public funding cuts associated with austerity politics to a wider re-positioning of the arts away from its location in a distinctive public sphere and towards elite private privilege. Against this backdrop, we put forward the term ‘the artistic politics of regionalism’ and suggest that the most promising approaches to addressing contemporary inequalities lie in institutions’ reconsideration of spatial dynamics which can link concerns with decolonisation and representation to a recognition of how economic inequality takes a highly spatialised form.
|Keywords||Economics; Inequality; Colonialism; Art; Privilege|
|Publisher||International Inequalities Institute, London School of Economics and Political Science|
|Place of publication||London|
The art world s response to the challenge of inequality - Kristina Kolbe, Chris Upton-Hansen, Mike Savage, Nicola Lacey, Sarah Cant - Work.pdf
All rights reserved
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||21 Jan 2020|
|Deposited||05 Feb 2020|
Acuff, J. & Evans, L. (2104) (Eds.) Multiculturalism in Art Museums Today. London: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Adorno, T. W. & Horkheimer, M. (1997). Dialectic of Enlightenment, London: Verso Edition.
Amato, S. (2006). Quai Branly museum: Representing France after empire. Race & Class, 47:4, 46–65.
Ang, I. (2005). The predicament of diversity Multiculturalism in practice at the art museum. Ethnicities, Vol 5(3), 305–320.
Barringer, T. & Flynn, T. (1998). Colonialism and the Object: Empire, Material Culture and the Museum, London: Routledge.
Becker, H. (1982). Art worlds. University of California Press.
Benhamou, F. (2002). L’Economie Du Star-System (The Star-System Economy). Paris: Odile Jacob.
Bennett, T. (2004). Pasts beyond memory: Evolution, museums, colonialism. London and New York: Routledge.
Bennett, T., Savage, M., Silva, E., Warde, A., & Gayo-Cal, M. (2010). Class, Culture, Distinction. London: Routledge.
Black, G. (2012). Transforming Museums in the Twenty-first Century. London & New York: Routledge.
Black, G. (2012). Transforming Museums in the Twenty-first Century. London & New York: Routledge.
Boltanski, L. and Chiapello, E. (1999). The new spirit of capitalism. London; New York: Verso 2005.
Boswell, D. & Evans, J. (Eds.) (1999) Representing the Nation: A Reader. Oxford: Routledge.
Chakravartt, P. and Silva, D.F. da (2012). Accumulation, dispossession, and debt: The racial logic of global capitalism. An introduction. American Quarterly, 64(3), 361-385.
Chambers, I.; De Angelis, A., Ianniciello, C., Orabona, M., Quadraro, M. (2014) The Postcolonial Museum: The Arts of Memory and the Pressures of History. Farnham: Ashgate.
Chiang, T. J. &. Posner, R. A. (2006). “Censorship versus Freedom of Expression
Dawson, K. L. (2017). Playing the Game: Understanding the Gender Gap in Art Museum Directorships, MA Thesis draft, https://digital.lib.washington.edu/researchworks/bitstream/handle/17...
Dewdney, A., Dibosa, D. & Walsh, V. (2013). Post Critical Museology Theory and Practice in the Art Museum. London: Routledge.
Fasche, M. (2013). Making art history – wealthy private collectors and contemporary visual art, In Iain Hay (ed.), Geographies of the Super-rich. (pp. 171-185). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Frey, B. & Meier, S. (2006). The Economics of Museums, In Handbook of the Economics of Art and Culture, Elsevier.
Friedman, S., O’Brien, D., & Laurison, D. (2017). ‘Like skydiving without a parachute’: How class origin shapes occupational trajectories in British acting. Sociology, 51(5), 992-1010.
Frigo, M. (2009). Ethical Rules and Codes of Honor Related to Museum Activities: A Complementary Support to the Private International Law Approach Concerning the Circulation of Cultural Property, International Journal of Cultural Property, Vol. 16(1), 49-66.
Geoghegan, H. (2010). Museum Geography: Exploring Museums, Collections and Museum Practice in the UK, Geography Compass, 4/10, 1462–1476.
Goetzmann, William N., Luc Renneboog, and Christophe Spaenjers. (2011). Art and Money. American Economic Review, 101(3), 222–26.
Gosden, C. & Knowles, C. (2001). Collecting Colonialism Material Culture and Colonial Change, Berg Publishers.
Gray, H. (2013). Subject(ed) to recognition. American Quarterly, 65(4), 771-798.
Gray, H. (2016). Precarious diversity: Representation and demography. In M. Curtain and K. Sanson (Eds). Precarious creativity (pp. 241-253) Oakland: University of California Press.
Hall, S. (1996). New ethnicities, In K.-H. Chen and D Morley, eds., Stuart Hall: Critical dialogues in cultural studies (pp. 441-449). London: Routledge.
Hall, S. (2000). Conclusion: The multicultural question. In B. Hesse (ed.), Un/settled multiculturalisms: Diasporas, entanglements, ‘transruptions’. (pp. 209-241). London: Zed Books.
Hanquinet L. (2013a). ‘Visitors to modern and contemporary art museums. Towards a new sociology of ‘cultural profiles’, The Sociological Review, 61(4): 790–813.
Hanquinet L. (2013b). ‘Mondrian as kitchen tiles? Artistic and cultural conceptions of art museum visitors in Belgium’, Cultural Trends, 22 (1), 14-29.
Hanquinet, H., O’Brien, D., & Taylor, M. (2019). The coming crisis of cultural engagement? Measurement, methods, and the nuances of niche activities, Cultural Trends, 1-22.
Hanquinet, Laurie and Mike Savage. (2012). “‘Educative Leisure’ and the Art Museum.” Museum and Society, 10(1), 42–59.
Harvey, D. (1989). The condition of postmodernity. Oxford: Blackwell.
Hutter, M. & Shusterman, R. (2006). Value and the Valuation of Art in
Huyssen, A. (1986). After the great divide: Modernism, mass culture, postmodernism. Indiana University Press.
Jameson, F. (1991). Postmodernism, or, the cultural logic of late capitalism. Duke university Press.
Karpik, L. (2010). Valuing the Unique: The Economics of Singularities. Translated by Nora Scott. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Koh, S. Y. & Wissink, B. (2018). Enabling, structuring and creating elite transnational lifestyles: intermediaries of the super-rich and the elite mobilities industry, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 44:4, 592-609.
Kolbe, K. (forthcoming). Performing Interculture – inequality, diversity and difference in contemporary music production in Berlin. PhD thesis.
Lapadre, P. (2014). Cultural Products in the International Trading System. In: Victor A. Ginsburgh and David Throsby (eds.) Handbook of the Economics of Art and Culture Vol. 2. Newnes, 381-409.
Lyotard, J. F. (1984). The postmodern condition: A report on knowledge. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
McAndrew, S., O’Brien, D. and Taylor, M. (2019). The Values of Culture: Value Divergence and Social Closure among British Creative Workers. Mimeo.
McClintock, A. (1995). Imperial leather: Race, gender, and sexuality in the colonial contest. New York: Routledge.
Nwonka, C. J. (2015). Diversity Pie: Rethinking Social Exclusion and Quota in Shaping Diversity Policy in The Film Industry: The Journal of Media Practice, 16:1, 73-90.
O’Brien, D., Laurison, D., Miles, A., & Friedman, S. (2016). Are the creative industries meritocratic? An analysis of the 2014 British Labour Force Survey. Cultural Trends, 25(2), 116-131.
Piketty, T. & Saez, E. (2003). Income Inequality in the United States, 1913– 1998, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 11:1, 1–39. (series updated to 2010 in March 2012).
Pogrebin, R. (2016). Art Galleries Face Pressure to Fund Museum Shows. The The New York Times, June 25. Retrieved December 27, 2017 (https://nyti.ms/2t6UzFw).
Robertson, I. and Chong, D. (Eds.) (2008). The Art Business. London; New York: Routledge.
Roque Rodríguez, A. (2017). Museums Are Not Neutral [Blog post]. Retrieved from: https://www.anabelroro.com/blog/museums-are-not-neutral
Rosen, S. (1981). The Economics of Superstars. American Economic Review, 71:5, 845–58.
Saha, A. (2018). Race and the cultural industries, London: Polity Press.
Saltz, J. (2015). The ‘New’ New Museum. Vulture, April 19. Retrieved (http://www.vulture.com/2015/04/jerry-saltz-on-new-whitney-museum.htm...).
Sandell, R. (Ed.). (2002). Museums, Society, Inequality. London & New York: Routledge.
Savage, M., et al. (2015). Social Class in the 21st Century. London & New York: Penguin Books.
Schimpfoessl, E. (2018). Rich Russians: From Oligarchs to Bourgeoisie. Oxford University Press.
Schubert, K. (2000). The Curator’s Egg: The evolution of the museum concept from the French Revolution to the present day. London: One-Off Press.
Simon N. (2010). Participatory museum. Santa Cruz: Museum 2.0.
Simpson, M. G. (1997). Making Representations Museums in the Post-Colonial Era, London: Routledge.
Srakar, A. & Čopič, V. (2012). Private investments, public values: a value-based approach to argumenting for public support to the arts, Cultural Trends, 21:3, 227-237.
Taylor, C. (1994). “Multiculturalism: examining the politics of recognition”. In A Gutmann (Ed.) Multiculturalism: Examining the politics of recognition, (pp. 25-73). Princeton: Princeton University.
UK Department of Digital, Culture, Media and Sports (2019) Sponsored Museums and
Upton-Hansen, C. (2018). The Financialization of Art: A Sociological Encounter, PhD thesis, submitted to London School of Economics and Political Science.
Velthuis, O. (2014). ArtRank and the Flippers: Apocalypse now? Texte zur Kunst, 24(96), 34-49.
Zorloni, A. & Ardizzone, A. (2015). The Winner-Take-All Contemporary Art Market. Creative Industries Journal, 9:1, 1-14.
7views this month
13downloads this month