‘Painted scenes’ or ‘empty pageants’? Superficiality and depth in (realist) political thought

Journal article


Tillyris, D. and Edyvane, D. 2022. ‘Painted scenes’ or ‘empty pageants’? Superficiality and depth in (realist) political thought. Philosophy & Social Criticism. https://doi.org/10.1177/01914537211066849
AuthorsTillyris, D. and Edyvane, D.
AbstractThe realist injunction to attend to the ‘realities of politics’ when we do political philosophy, though obviously appropriate, is highly platitudinous. By drawing on the underappreciated realist insights of Isaiah Berlin, Stuart Hampshire and Hannah Arendt, we elaborate a neglected distinction between two antagonistic conceptions of political reality – the realism of surface and the realism of depth – and consider its implications for the recent realist turn. We illustrate how that distinction reveals some neglected tensions and incoherencies within contemporary realism and go some way towards untangling and addressing these. Specifically, we enrich the realist charge and highlight two directions which realist scholarship can pursue in its endeavour to offer a meaningful alternative to moralism: an emphasis on i) Vichian fantasia – a kind of knowledge which entails historical awareness but also sensitivity to philology; and ii) suffering and injustice as a basis for critique and for developing a suitable political sphere.
KeywordsSociology and political science; Philosophy; Politics; Realism; Hannah Arendt; Isaiah Berlin; Stuart Hampshire
Year2022
JournalPhilosophy & Social Criticism
PublisherSAGE
ISSN0191-4537
1461-734X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/01914537211066849
Official URLhttps://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/01914537211066849
Publication dates
Online19 Jan 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted11 Nov 2021
Deposited31 Jan 2022
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
References

References
Allen, Jonathan. 2001.The Place of Negative Morality in Political Theory. Political Theory 29(3):337–363.
Arendt, Hannah.1953a. Essays in Understanding,1930-1954. NY: Harcourt.
Arendt, Hannah.1953b. Speeches and Writings. Library of Congress, Washington, DC.
Arendt, Hannah.1961. Between Past and Future. New York:Viking.
Arendt, Hannah.1970. On Violence. New York: Harcourt.
Arendt, H.1979a.The origins of totalitarianism. New York: Harcourt.
Arendt, H.1979b. The recovery of the public world. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Arendt, Hannah.1990. On Revolution. London: Penguin.
Arendt, H.1998.The human condition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Arendt, H.2006.Between past and future. New York: Viking Press
Baderin, Alice. 2014. “Two forms of realism in political theory.” European Journal of Political Theory 13(2):132-153.
Baehr, Peter. 2002. Hannah Arendt, Totalitarianism, and the Social Sciences. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Baehr, Peter, and Craig Gordon. 2012. “Unmasking and disclosure as sociological practices.” Journal of Sociology 48(4):380-396.
Baehr, Peter. 2020. The Unmasking Style in Social Theory. London: Routledge.
Bell, Duncan. 2010. Ethics and World Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Berlin Isaiah. 1976. Vico and Herder. London: Chatto and Windus.
Berlin Isaiah.1979. Against the Current. Ed. Henry Hardy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Berlin, Isaiah.1990. The Crooked Timber of Humanity. Ed. Henry Hardy. London: John Murray.
Berlin, Isaiah. 1994. Russian Thinkers. Ed. Henry Hardy and Aileen Kelly. London: Penguin.
Berlin Isaiah.1996. The Sense of Reality. Ed. Henry Hardy. London: Random House.
Berlin, Isaiah. 1998.The Proper Study of Mankind. Ed. Henry Hardy. London: Pimlico.
Berlin, Isaiah.1999. Concepts and Categories. Ed. Henry Hardy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Berlin, Isaiah. 2000. Three Critics of the Enlightenment. Ed. Henry Hardy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Berlin, Isaiah.2002a. Liberty. Ed. Henry Hardy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Berlin, Isaiah.2002b. The Power of Ideas. Ed. Henry Hardy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Burdman, Javier. 2018. “Knowledge and the public world: Arendt on science, truth, and politics.” Constellations 25(3):485-496.
Cozzaglio, Ilaria and Greta Favara. 2021. “Feasibility beyond Non-ideal Theory: a Realist Proposal”. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice. Online First: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10677-021-10206-3.
Cross, Ben. 2020. “Radicalizing realist legitimacy”. Philosophy & Social Criticism. 46(4):369-389
Cross Ben. 2021. “Normativity in Realist Legitimacy”. Political Studies Review 19(3):450-463
Dagerman, Dan. 2019. “Within the heart’s darkness: The role of emotions in Arendt’s political thought”. European Journal of Political Theory 18 (2): 153 -173.
Dickens, Charles. 1854. Hard Times. London: Chapman and Hall.
Edyvane, Derek. 2019. “Richly Imaginative Barbarism: Stuart Hampshire and the Normality of Conflict”. Theoria 66 (160):9-26.
Edyvane, Derek. 2020. “Who’s the Realest?” European Journal of Political Theory 19(2):281-290.
Erman, Eva, and Niklas Möller.2015. “Political Legitimacy in the Real Normative World.” British Journal of Political Science 45:215-33.
Farrelly, Colin.2007. “Justice in Ideal Theory: A Refutation.” Political Studies 55:844-864.
Finlayson, Lorna. 2017. “With radicals like these who needs conservatives? Doom, gloom, and realism in political theory.” European Journal of Political Theory 16(3) 264–282
Floyd, Jonathan, and Marc Stears. 2011. Political philosophy versus history contextualism and real politics in contemporary political thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,
Floyd, Jonathan. 2011. “From Historical Contextualism, to Mentalism, to Behaviourism”. In Floyd, Jonathan, and Marc Stears (eds.) Political philosophy versus history contextualism and real politics in contemporary political thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,38-64.
Floyd, Jonathan. 2020. “Normative behaviourism as a solution to four problems in realism and non-ideal theory”. Critical Review of Social and Political Philosophy 23(2):137-162.
Freeden Michael. 2012. “Interpretative realism and prescriptive realism”. Journal of Political Ideologies, 17(1):1-11.
Freeden Michael. 2018. “Political Realism: A reality check”. In Matt Sleat (ed.) Politics Recovered: Realist Thought and Political Practice. NY: Columbia University Press, 244-368.
Freyenhangen, Fabian. 2011. “Taking Reasonable Pluralism Seriously: An Internal Critique of Political Liberalism”. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 10(3):323-342.
Galston, William. 2010. “Realism in Political Theory.” European Journal of Political Theory 9 (4): 385-411.
Geuss, Raymond. 1981. The Idea of a Critical Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Geuss, Raymond. 2005. Outside Ethics. Oxford: Princeton University Press.
Geuss, Raymond. 2008. Philosophy and Real Politics. Oxford: Princeton University Press.
Geuss, Raymond. 2010. Politics and the Imagination. Princeton: Princeton University Press,
Geuss, Raymond. 2014. A World without Why. Oxford: Princeton University Press.
Geuss, Raymond. 2015. “Realism and the relativity of judgement.” International Relations, 29 (1):3-22.
Geuss, Raymond. 2020. Who Needs a Word View? Harvard: Harvard University Press.
Hall, E. (2015). “How to do realistic political theory (and why you might want to)”. European Journal of Political Theory, 16(3): 283–303.
Hamlin, Alan, and Zofia Stemplowska.2012. “Theory, Ideal Theory and The Theory of Ideals.” Political Studies Review, 10 (1):48-62.
Hampshire, Stuart. 1950. “Review of The Concept of Mind. by Gilbert Ryle.” Mind, 59(234): 237 – 255.
Hampshire, Stuart. 1969. Modern Writers and Other Essays. London: Chatto and Windus.
Hampshire, Stuart. 1973.Vico and Joyce. New York Review of Books, October 18.
Hampshire, Stuart.1983. Morality and Conflict. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Hampshire Stuart.1982. Thought and Action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hampshire, Stuart.1989. Innocence and Experience. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Hampshire, Stuart.1993. Liberalism: The New Twist. New York Review of Books 40(14), August 12, 43-47.
Hampshire, Stuart.1994. Vico for now. New York Review of Books. November 3.
Hampshire, Stuart.2000. Justice is Conflict. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Hampshire, Stuart.2005. Spinoza and Spinozism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hausheer, Richard.1979. Introduction. In Isaiah Berlin Against the Current. Ed. Henry Hardy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Honig, Bonnie and Marc Stears. 2011. “The new realism: From modus vivendi to justice”. In Jonathan Floyd and Marc Stears (Eds.), Political philosophy versus history contextualism and real politics in contemporary political thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,177-205.
Honig, Bonnie and Marc Stears. 2014. "James Tully’s Agonistic Realism." In James Tully (ed,) On Global Citizenship: James Tully in Dialogue. London: Bloomsbury, 131–152
Horton John. 2010. Realism, liberal moralism, and a political theory of modus vivendi. European Journal of Political Theory, 9(4): 431–448.
Judt, Tony and Timothy Snyder. 2012. Thinking the 20th Century. London: Random House.
Markell, Patchen. 2010. “Review of philosophy and real politics by Raymond Geuss”. Political Theory 38(1):172-177.
Marx, Karl. 1975a. “A Contribution to the Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right. Introduction”, in Early Writings. Trans. R. Livingstone and G. Benton. London: Penguin, 243–57.
Maynard, Jonathan Leader. 2021. “Political Realism as Methods not Metaethics”. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice. OnlineFirst: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10677-021-10183-7.
McQueen Alison. 2018. “The Case for Kinship: Classical Realism and Political Realism”. In Matt Sleat (ed.) Politics Recovered: Realist Thought and Political Practice. NY: Columbia University Press,243-269.
McQueen, Alison. 2020. “Political realism and moral corruption”. European Journal of Political Theory, 19(2):141-161.
O’Connor, Cara. 2013. “Arendt, Jaspers, and the politicized physicists.” Constellations 20 (1): 102-120.
Plato.1974. The Republic. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Philp, Mark. 2012. “Realism without Illusions.” Political Theory, 40(5):629-649.
Prinz, Janosch. 2016. “Raymond Geuss’ radicalization of realism in political theory”. Philosophy and Social Criticism 42(8):777-796.
Prinz, Janosch and Enzo Rossi. 2017. “Political Realism as Ideology Critique.” Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 20(3):348-365
Raekstad, Paul. 2015. “Two Contemporary Approaches to Political Theory”, International Critical Thought, 5(2): 226-240.
Raekstad, Paul. 2016. “Realism, utopianism, and radical values”, European Journal of Philosophy, 26(1):220-224.
Ricoeur, Paul.1970. Freud and Philosophy. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Rossi, Enzo, and Matt Sleat. 2014. “Realism in Normative Political Theory.” Philosophy Compass 9(10): 689-701.
Rossi, Enzo. 2016. “Facts, Principles, and (Real) Politics.” Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19(2):505–520.
Rossi, Enzo. 2019. “Being realistic and demanding the impossible”. Constellations.DOI:10.1111/1467-8675.12446
Sabl Andrew, and Rahul Sagar.2017. “Introduction.” Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 20 (3): 269-277.
Sagar, Paul. 2018. “Legitimacy and Domination”. In Matt Sleat (ed.) Politics Recovered: Realist Thought and Political Practice. NY: Columbia University Press,114-139.
Scheuerman, William. 2013. “The realist revival in political philosophy, or: Why new is not always improved.” International Politics 50 (6):798-814.
Scheuerman, William. 2018. “Getting Past Schmitt? Realism and the Autonomy of Politics”. In Matt Sleat (ed.) Politics Recovered: Realist Thought and Political Practice. NY: Columbia University Press,270-295.
Shklar, Judith. 1984. Ordinary Vices. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Shklar, Judith. 1989. “The Liberalism of Fear”. In Nancy Rosenblum (ed.) Liberalism and the Moral Life. Cambridge: Harvard University Press,21-38.
Shklar, Judith N. 1990. The Faces of Injustice. New Haven: Yale University Press
Sigwart, Hans-Jörg.2013. “The Logic of Legitimacy: Ethics in Political Realism.” Review of Politics 75:407-432.
Sleat, Matt. 2011. “Liberal Realism: A Liberal Response to the Realist Critique”. The Review of Politics, 73, 469-46
Sleat, Matt. 2013. Liberal Realism. A Realist Theory of Liberal Politics. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Sleat, Matt. 2018. Politics Recovered: Realist Thought and Political Practice. NY: Columbia University Press.
Tillyris, Demetris. 2019. “Political realism and dirty hands: value pluralism, moral conflict, and public ethics”. Philosophia 47(5):1579-1602.
Valentini, Laura. 2012. “Ideal vs. non-ideal theory.” Philosophy Compass 7 (9): 654-664.
Vogler Gisli, and Demetris Tillyris. 2019. “Arendt and political realism: towards a realist
account of political judgement”. Critical Review of Social and Political Philosophy. DOI: 10.1080/13698230.2019.1610843.
Wilde, Oscar.2007. The Portrait of Dorian Gray. Delaware: Prestwick.
Williams, Bernard. 1995. “Replies”. In J.E.J. Altham and, Ross Harrison (eds.). World, Mind, and Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Williams, Bernard. 1996. “Toleration: An impossible virtue”. In David Heyd (ed.), Toleration: An Elusive Virtue. Princeton: Princeton University Press,18-27.
Williams, Bernard.2002. In the Beginning Was the Deed: Realism and Moralism in Political Argument. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Permalink -

https://repository.canterbury.ac.uk/item/90266/-painted-scenes-or-empty-pageants-superficiality-and-depth-in-realist-political-thought

Download files


Accepted author manuscript
  • 24
    total views
  • 12
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as

Related outputs

Review of Flattery and the history of political thought: that glib and oily art (Daniel J. Kapust; Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2018, v+230pp., ISBN: 9781107043367)
Tillyris, D. 2018. Review of Flattery and the history of political thought: that glib and oily art (Daniel J. Kapust; Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2018, v+230pp., ISBN: 9781107043367). Contemporary Political Theory. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41296-018-0242-3
Value pluralism and public ethics: introduction
Edyvane, D. and Tillyris, D. 2019. Value pluralism and public ethics: introduction. Theoria. 66 (160), pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.3167/th.2019.6616001
Dirty hands and suffering
Tillyris, D. 2019. Dirty hands and suffering. Theoria. 66 (160), pp. 95-121. https://doi.org/10.3167/th.2019.6616006
Political realism and dirty hands: value pluralism, moral conflict and public ethics
Tillyris, D. 2019. Political realism and dirty hands: value pluralism, moral conflict and public ethics. Philosophia. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11406-019-00071-x
Arendt and political realism: towards a realist account of political judgement
Vogler, Gisli and Tillyris, Demetris 2019. Arendt and political realism: towards a realist account of political judgement. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy. 24 (6), pp. 821-844. https://doi.org/10.1080/13698230.2019.1610843
Reflections on a crisis: political disenchantment, moral desolation, and political integrity
Tillyris, D. 2017. Reflections on a crisis: political disenchantment, moral desolation, and political integrity. Res Publica. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11158-017-9387-9
Political integrity and dirty hands: compromise and the ambiguities of betrayal
Tillyris, D. 2017. Political integrity and dirty hands: compromise and the ambiguities of betrayal. Res Publica. 23 (4), pp. 475-494. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11158-016-9323-4
After the standard dirty hands thesis: towards a dynamic account of dirty hands in politics
Tillyris, D. 2016. After the standard dirty hands thesis: towards a dynamic account of dirty hands in politics. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice. 19 (1), pp. 161-175. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10677-015-9604-6
‘Learning how not to be good’: Machiavelli and the standard dirty hands thesis
Tillyris, D. 2015. ‘Learning how not to be good’: Machiavelli and the standard dirty hands thesis. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice. 18 (1), pp. 61-74. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10677-014-9508-x
The virtue of vice: a defence of hypocrisy in democratic politics
Tillyris, D. 2015. The virtue of vice: a defence of hypocrisy in democratic politics. Contemporary Politics. 22 (1), pp. 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1080/13569775.2015.1112958