Federalism as a tool of conflict resolution – introduction to the special issue
Keil, S. and Alber, E. 2020. Federalism as a tool of conflict resolution – introduction to the special issue. Ethnopolitics. 30 (4).
|Authors||Keil, S. and Alber, E.|
There is a growing literature on the use of federalism as a tool of conflict resolution. Yet, while this literature focuses mainly on single case studies, there remains a gap in our comparative understanding of the workings of federalism as a tool to end violent conflicts, as well as the conditions under which it may succeed in bringing peace to war-torn countries. By discussing core themes that emerge when looking at single case studies and relevant theories on the use of federalism as a tool of conflict resolution, we highlight the importance of three main issues in our understanding of the workings of federalism as a tool of conflict resolution: (1) The role of centralization, decentralization and recentralization in the management of diversity and to accommodate the demands of different groups; (2) Contestation of the state, identity, the idea of federalism and other key issues in societies, in which ownership over the state is contested and fought over; and (3) Third-party intervention, geopolitics, and geoeconomics in the management of diversity. By bringing together existing debates on the topic of federalism and conflict resolution, and positioning the papers in this special issue within these debates, some of the complexities but also promises of the use of federalism as a tool of conflict resolution will be highlighted.
|Keywords||Federalism; Conflict resolution; Secession; Geopolitics; Decentralization|
|Journal citation||30 (4)|
|Publisher||Taylor & Francis|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1080/17449057.2020.1795469|
|Online||23 Jul 2020|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||10 Jul 2020|
|Deposited||13 Jul 2020|
|Accepted author manuscript|
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