The business of state capture and the rise of authoritarianism in Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia
Keil, S. 2018. The business of state capture and the rise of authoritarianism in Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. Southeastern Europe. 42 (1), pp. 59-82. https://doi.org/10.1163/18763332-04201004
This paper will discuss the rise of authoritarian tendencies in the political systems of Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. In all four countries, certain parties and political elites have become entrenched in the political system, and have been able to enhance their grip on power, often beyond, and in some cases through, constitutional frameworks. It will discuss how forms of state capture have enabled political elites to position themselves in a situation in which they not only control the political decisionmaking institutions, but also exercise excessive influence on the economic and social
The paper will progress in three main steps: In the first part, a theoretical framework will be introduced, by focusing on theories of democratization and authoritarian back-sliding. In the second part, the four countries under investigation will be discussed in more detail, to highlight why there has been an increase in authoritarian practices across these four countries. This section will also discuss how these authoritarian tendencies play out in practice and how they have been undermining the consolidation of liberal democracy.
Finally, in the conclusion it will be discussed what the European Union (EU) and other actors could do in order to support those forces that focus on democratic governance in these countries, and make the accession process truly transformative.
|Keywords||Authoritarianism; democratization; Kosovo; Macedonia; Montenegro; Serbia|
|Journal citation||42 (1), pp. 59-82|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1163/18763332-04201004|
|Online||09 Apr 2018|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||10 Apr 2018|
|Accepted||09 Apr 2018|
|Accepted author manuscript|
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