Understanding reduced activity in psychosis: the roles of stigma and illness appraisals

Journal article


Moriarty, A., Jolley, S., Callanan, M. and Garety, P. 2012. Understanding reduced activity in psychosis: the roles of stigma and illness appraisals. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 47 (10), pp. 1685-1693. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-012-0475-z
AuthorsMoriarty, A., Jolley, S., Callanan, M. and Garety, P.
Abstract

Abstract
Purpose Increasing activity and social inclusion for people with psychosis is a primary goal of mental health services. Understanding the psychological mechanisms underlying reduced activity will inform more carefully targeted and effective interventions. Anxiety, depression, positive symptom distress and negative symptoms all make a contribution, but much of the variance in activity remains unaccounted for and is poorly understood. Appraisals of illness impact on adjustment to illness: mood, engagement in treatment and quality of life are all affected. It is plausible that illness appraisals will also influence activity. This study investigated the extent to which three components of illness appraisal accounted for variance in activity.

Method
50 people with psychosis completed measures of activity, positive and negative symptoms, anxiety and depression, cognitive functioning, stigma, insight and illness perceptions.

Results
Multiple regression revealed that internalised stigma, but not insight or illness perception, was significantly correlated with reduced activity. 42% of the variance in activity was accounted for by stigma, negativesymptoms, positive symptom distress and social support. Affect, cognitive functioning and positive symptoms were not associated with activity.

Conclusion
For people with psychosis, activity levels appear to be compromised particularly by fears of what others think of them and how they will be treated by others. Directly targeting these fears should improve the impact of psychological interventions on functioning. Specific, individualised cognitive behavioural interventions could be a useful adjunct to recovery-focused narrative therapies and complement public information campaigns to reduce discriminatory attitudes and behaviours.

KeywordsSchizophrenia; insight; discrimination
Year2012
JournalSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Journal citation47 (10), pp. 1685-1693
PublisherSpringer
ISSN0933-7954
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-012-0475-z
Publication dates
Print25 Feb 2012
Publication process dates
Deposited18 Mar 2015
Accepted11 May 2011
Output statusPublished
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https://repository.canterbury.ac.uk/item/873v3/understanding-reduced-activity-in-psychosis-the-roles-of-stigma-and-illness-appraisals

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