Depression and atrial fibrillation in a reciprocal liaison: a neuro-cardiac link
Manolis, Theodora A., Manolis, Antonis A., Apostolopoulos, Evdoxia J., Melita, Helen and Manolis, Antonis S. 2023. Depression and atrial fibrillation in a reciprocal liaison: a neuro-cardiac link. International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice. https://doi.org/10.1080/13651501.2023.2248214
|Authors||Manolis, Theodora A., Manolis, Antonis A., Apostolopoulos, Evdoxia J., Melita, Helen and Manolis, Antonis S.|
Objective: to explore the reciprocal relationship of depression and atrial fibrillation (AF).Methods: A literature search was conducted in Pub Med, Scopus, and Google Scholar using relevant terms for depression and AF and respective therapies.
Results: There is evidence that depression is involved in the aetiology and prognosis of AF. AF, independently of its type, incurs a risk of depression in 20–40% of patients. Also, depression significantly increases cumulative incidence of AF (from 1.92% to 4.44% at 10 years); 25% increased risk of new-onset AF is reported in patients with depression, reaching 32% in recurrent depression. Hence, emphasis is put on the importance of assessing depression in the evaluation of AF and vice versa. Persistent vs paroxysmal AF patients may suffer from more severe depression. Furthermore, depression can impact the effectiveness of AF treatments, including pharmacotherapy, anticoagulation, cardioversion and catheter ablation.
Conclusions: A reciprocal association of depression and AF, a neurocardiac link, has been suggested. Thus, strategies which can reduce depression may improve AF patients’ course and treatment outcomes. Also, AF has a significant impact on risk of depression and quality of life. Hence, effective antiarrhythmic therapies may alleviate patients’ depressive symptoms.
|Keywords||Atrial fibrillation; Depression; Bipolar disorder; Antiarrhythmic drugs; Antidepressant drugs; Quality of life; Arrhythmia ablation|
|Journal||International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice|
|Publisher||Informa UK Limited|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1080/13651501.2023.2248214|
|Online||24 Aug 2023|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||09 Aug 2023|
|Deposited||04 Sep 2023|
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