Evaluation of dark etching regions for standard bearing steel under accelerated rolling contact fatigue

Journal article


Muhammad U. Abdullah, Zulfiqar A. Khan and Wolfram Kruhoeffer 2020. Evaluation of dark etching regions for standard bearing steel under accelerated rolling contact fatigue. Tribology International. 152, p. 106579. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2020.106579
AuthorsMuhammad U. Abdullah, Zulfiqar A. Khan and Wolfram Kruhoeffer
Abstract

Subsurface microstructural alterations are formed in the later stages of rolling contact fatigue (RCF) under high contact pressure. The subsurface changes observed as a dark contrast under optical microscopy are classified as Dark Etching Regions (DERs). Despite the fact that DERs have been presented for several decades, the understanding of its development and growth is yet to comprehend. Current research employed a modified high-speed microprocessor rotary tribometer to conduct systematic RCF study under accelerated testing conditions with variable temperatures and contact pressures. Comprehensive RCF data has been acquired, analysed and is reported for the very first time with ball-on-ball point contact loading conditions. The subsurface microscopic investigations have shown the ongoing progression and development of DER extent and are reported to be associated with the accumulation of plasticity during RCF. The comparison of the DER with the responsible stress components have revealed that DER formation is more closely related to the von Mises stresses when superposed with residual stresses. The experimentally observed area fraction of dark etching zones has been evaluated in terms of DER% and compared with the dislocation assisted carbon diffusion model for DER formation. The overprediction of the numerical model in comparison with the presented results in current research manifests its limitations which can be improved with the incorporation of cyclic plasticity governed by evolved von Mises stresses. Detailed evaluated DER results are presented as 3D DER% maps incorporating the combined effects of contact stress, temperature and rolling cycles simultaneously which enables an in-depth RCF understanding within microstructural context and therefore can be used as guidelines for DER formation models.

KeywordsBall bearings; Rolling contact fatigue; Dark etching regions; White etching bands; 4-Ball test
Year2020
JournalTribology International
Journal citation152, p. 106579
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0301-679X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2020.106579
Official URLhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301679X20304096
Publication dates
Online18 Aug 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted26 Jul 2020
Deposited27 Jul 2023
Accepted author manuscript
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Output statusPublished
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https://repository.canterbury.ac.uk/item/951v8/evaluation-of-dark-etching-regions-for-standard-bearing-steel-under-accelerated-rolling-contact-fatigue

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TRIBINT-D-20-00862R1.pdf
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

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