The settlement of East and West Flegg in Norfolk from the 5th to 11th centuries

Masters Thesis

Wilson, S. 2018. The settlement of East and West Flegg in Norfolk from the 5th to 11th centuries. Masters Thesis Canterbury Christ Church University School of Humanities
AuthorsWilson, S.
TypeMasters Thesis
Qualification nameDegree of Masters of Philosophy

The thesis explores the –by and English place names on Flegg and considers four key themes. The first examines the potential ethnicity of the –bys and concludes the names carried a distinct Norse linguistic origin. Moreover, it is acknowledged that they emerged within an environment where a significant Scandinavian population was present. It is also proposed that the cluster of –by names, which incorporated personal name specifics, most likely emerged following a planned colonisation of the area, which resulted in the takeover of existing English settlements.

The second theme explores the origins of the –by and English settlements and concludes that they derived from the operations of a Middle Saxon productive site of Caister. The complex tenurial patterns found between the various settlements suggest that the area was a self sufficient economic entity. Moreover, it is argued that royal and ecclesiastical centres most likely played a limited role in the establishment of these settlements. The third element of the thesis considers the archaeological evidence at the –by and English settlements and concludes that a degree of cultural assimilation occurred. However, the presence of specific Scandinavian metal work finds suggests that a distinct Scandinavian culture may have survived on Flegg. The final theme considers the economic information recorded within the folios of Little Domesday Book. It is argued that both the –by and English communities enjoyed equal economic status on the island and operated a diverse economy.

KeywordsEnglish place names; Origins of -bys; Archaeological evidence
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Publication process dates
Deposited19 Dec 2019
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