Large language models in oncology: Revolution or cause for concern?

Journal article


Caglayan, Aydin, Slusarczyk, Wojciech, Rabbani, Rukhshana Dina, Ghose, Aruni, Papadopoulos, Vasileios and Boussios, Stergios 2024. Large language models in oncology: Revolution or cause for concern? Current Oncology. 31 (4). https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol31040137
AuthorsCaglayan, Aydin, Slusarczyk, Wojciech, Rabbani, Rukhshana Dina, Ghose, Aruni, Papadopoulos, Vasileios and Boussios, Stergios
Abstract

The technological capability of artificial intelligence (AI) continues to advance with great strength. Recently, the release of large language models has taken the world by storm with concurrent excitement and concern. As a consequence of their impressive ability and versatility, their provide a potential opportunity for implementation in oncology. Areas of possible application include supporting clinical decision making, education, and contributing to cancer research. Despite the promises that these novel systems can offer, several limitations and barriers challenge their implementation. It is imperative that concerns, such as accountability, data inaccuracy, and data protection, are addressed prior to their integration in oncology. As the progression of artificial intelligence systems continues, new ethical and practical dilemmas will also be approached; thus, the evaluation of these limitations and concerns will be dynamic in nature. This review offers a comprehensive overview of the potential application of large language models in oncology, as well as concerns surrounding their implementation in cancer care.

KeywordsArtificial intelligence; Oncology; Machine learning; Deep learning; Natural language processing
Year2024
JournalCurrent Oncology
Journal citation31 (4)
PublisherMDPI
ISSN1718-7729
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol31040137
Official URLhttps://www.mdpi.com/1718-7729/31/4/137
Publication dates
Online29 Mar 2024
Publication process dates
Accepted29 Mar 2024
Deposited13 Jun 2024
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Open
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https://repository.canterbury.ac.uk/item/981v6/large-language-models-in-oncology-revolution-or-cause-for-concern

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