Clinical challenges in the management of malignant ovarian germ cell tumours
Iqra Saani, Nitish Raj, Raja Sood, Shahbaz Ansari, Haider Abbas Mandviwala, Elisabet Sanchez and Stergios Boussios 2023. Clinical challenges in the management of malignant ovarian germ cell tumours. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 20 (12), p. 6089.
|Authors||Iqra Saani, Nitish Raj, Raja Sood, Shahbaz Ansari, Haider Abbas Mandviwala, Elisabet Sanchez and Stergios Boussios|
Nonepithelial ovarian cancers (NEOC) are a group of rare malignancies, including germ cell tumours (GCT) and sex cord-stromal tumours (SCST), along with small-cell carcinomas and sarcomas. GCTs represent 2–5% of ovarian cancers, with a yearly incidence of 4:100,000, and they usually affect young women and adolescents. Precursory germ cells of the ovary form the basis of GCT. They are histologically classified into primitive GCT, teratomas, and monodermal and somatic-type tumours associated with dermoid cysts. A primitive GCT can be either a yolk sac tumour (YST), dysgerminoma, or mixed germ cell neoplasm. Teratomas are either mature (benign) or immature (malignant). Given that malignant GCTs occur rarely compared to epithelial ovarian tumours (EOC), greater focus is required in their diagnosis and treatment. In this article, we review the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and molecular biology, along with the management and therapeutic challenges.
|Keywords||Ovarian germ cell tumours; Dysgerminomas; Yolk sac tumours; Treatment; Signalling pathways; Genome profiling|
|Journal||International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health|
|Journal citation||20 (12), p. 6089|
|Online||09 Jun 2023|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||25 Apr 2023|
|Deposited||14 Sep 2023|
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