The dynamics of leadership and resistance in repressive regimes: The cases of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and Polish People’s Republic

Book chapter


Jurstakova, K., Ntontis, E. and Nigbur, D. 2024. The dynamics of leadership and resistance in repressive regimes: The cases of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and Polish People’s Republic. in: Bou Zeineddine, F. and Vollhardt, J.R. (ed.) The Psychology of Resistance in Violent and Repressive Contexts Oxford Oxford University Press. pp. 262-281
AuthorsJurstakova, K., Ntontis, E. and Nigbur, D.
EditorsBou Zeineddine, F. and Vollhardt, J.R.
Abstract

Leadership—particularly identity leadership—remains a relatively under-researched area in the social psychological literature on resistance in violent or repressive contexts. This chapter examines how leaders mobilized overt resistance in the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the Polish People’s Republic. Both regimes were led by a single-party monopoly, characterized by severe repression of political and non-political activities that were perceived as threatening to the status quo or as promoting identities inconsistent with the dominant ideology. We present an analysis of interviews and archival data, focusing on how resistance leaders overcame obstacles placed by those in power and organized resistance in the form of collective action. Leaders engaged in adaptive changes in their strategy, built a shared social identity to mobilize resistance, and gave agency to followers—allowing them to unite and sustain the movement. This chapter enhances our understanding of the psychology of leadership in mobilizing collective action under repression.

KeywordsLeadership; Resistence; Repressive regimes; Europe; Psychology
Page range262-281
Year2024
Book titleThe Psychology of Resistance in Violent and Repressive Contexts
PublisherOxford University Press
Output statusPublished
Place of publicationOxford
ISBN9780197687673
9780197687703
Publication dates
Online10 Jul 2024
Publication process dates
Deposited30 Aug 2023
Official URLhttps://academic.oup.com/book/57643/chapter-abstract/469801845?redirectedFrom=fulltext
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