A multiscale overview of modelling rolling cyclic fatigue in bearing elements

Journal article


Abdullah, U. and Khan, Z.A. 2022. A multiscale overview of modelling rolling cyclic fatigue in bearing elements. Materials. 15 (17), p. 5885. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15175885
AuthorsAbdullah, U. and Khan, Z.A.
Abstract

During service, bearing components experience rolling cyclic fatigue (RCF), resulting in subsurface plasticity and decay of the parent microstructure. The accumulation of micro strains spans billions of rolling cycles, resulting in the continuous evolution of the bearing steel microstructure. The bearing steel composition, non-metallic inclusions, continuously evolving residual stresses, and substantial work hardening, followed by subsurface softening, create further complications in modelling bearing steel at different length scales. The current study presents a multiscale overview of modelling RCF in terms of plastic deformation and the corresponding microstructural alterations. This article investigates previous models to predict microstructural alterations and material hardening approaches widely adopted to mimic the cyclic hardening response of the evolved bearing steel microstructure. This review presents state-of-the-art, relevant reviews in terms of this subject and provides a robust academic critique to enhance the understanding of the elastoplastic response of bearing steel under non-proportional loadings, damage evolution, and the formation mechanics of microstructural alterations, leading to the increased fatigue life of bearing components. It is suggested that a multidisciplinary approach at various length scales is required to fully understand the micromechanical and metallurgical response of bearing steels widely used in industry. This review will make significant contributions to novel design methodologies and improved product design specifications to deliver the durability and reliability of bearing elements.

KeywordsRolling fatigue; Bearing steel; Cyclic hardening; Microstructure; Residual stresses
Year2022
JournalMaterials
Journal citation15 (17), p. 5885
PublisherMDPI
ISSN1996-1944
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15175885
Official URLhttps://www.mdpi.com/1996-1944/15/17/5885
Publication dates
Online26 Aug 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted22 Aug 2022
Deposited12 Jun 2023
Publisher's version
License
Output statusPublished
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