Contribution of Trunk Rotation and Abdominal Muscles to Sprint Kayak Performance.

Journal article


Brown, M., Peters, Russell and Mike A, L. 2023. Contribution of Trunk Rotation and Abdominal Muscles to Sprint Kayak Performance. Journal of human kinetics. 90, pp. 5-15. https://doi.org/10.5114/jhk/169939
AuthorsBrown, M., Peters, Russell and Mike A, L.
AbstractOver the past two decades the importance of trunk contribution to sporting performance has been highlighted through the expanse of literature concerning core stability and strength. However, the role of trunk motion and the abdominal muscles are yet to be established during sprint kayak performance. The purpose of this study was to determine the associations among trunk rotation, kayak velocity, and abdominal muscle activity during on-water sprint kayaking. Eight international paddlers completed five 150 m sprint trials. During each trial peak muscle activation (peak root-mean-squared electromyogram) of the latissimus dorsi, rectus abdominus, external obliques and rectus femoris for ipsilateral (stroke side) and contralateral (opposite side) were recorded as the paddler passed through a 5-m calibrated volume, in conjunction with upper and lower trunk rotation and kayak velocity. Results indicated a significant strong negative relationship between lower trunk rotation and peak velocity (r = -0.684, p < 0.05). Furthermore, a significant strong positive relationship (p < 0.05) with mean velocity was identified for the contralateral rectus abdominus and multiple significant associations between the rectus femoris, rectus abdominus and external obliques during the paddle stroke. Findings indicate that limiting the rotation of the lower trunk will increase both the peak and the mean velocity, with the rectus abdominus, external oblique and rectus femoris combining to assist in this process. Training should therefore focus on developing the strength of these muscle groups to enhance performance. [Abstract copyright: Copyright: © Academy of Physical Education in Katowice.]
Keywordskinetics; elite; canoe; electromyography
Year2023
JournalJournal of human kinetics
Journal citation90, pp. 5-15
PublisherTer Media
ISSN1640-5544
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.5114/jhk/169939
https://doi.org/169939
Official URLhttps://jhk.termedia.pl/Contribution-of-Trunk-Rotation-and-Abdominal-Muscles-nto-Sprint-Kayak-Performance,169939,0,2.html
Publication dates
Print01 Jan 2024
Online28 Nov 2023
Publication process dates
Deposited29 Feb 2024
Accepted23 Jul 2023
Publisher's version
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Open
Output statusPublished
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Publications router: Date 2023-07-23 of type 'accepted_date' included in notification.
Publications router: Date 2023-11-28 of type 'publication_date' with format 'electronic' included in notification
Publications router: Date 2022-03-29 of type 'received' included in notification
Publications router: Date 2023-07-23 of type 'accepted' included in notification

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