Advanced flame monitoring and emission prediction through digital imaging and spectrometry
Cugley, J. 2019. Advanced flame monitoring and emission prediction through digital imaging and spectrometry. PhD Thesis University of Kent School of Engineering and Digital Arts
|Qualification name||PhD Electronic Engineering|
This thesis describes the design, implementation and experimental evaluation of a prototype instrumentation system for burner condition monitoring and NOx emissions prediction on fossil-fuel-fired furnaces.
A review of methodologies and technologies for burner condition monitoring and NOx emissions prediction is given, together with the discussions of existing problems and technical requirements in their applications. A technical strategy, incorporating digital imaging, UV-visible spectrum analysis and soft computing techniques, is proposed. Based on these techniques, a prototype flame imaging system is developed. The system consists mainly of an optical and fibre probe protected by water-air cooling jacket, a digital camera, a miniature spectrometer and a mini-motherboard with associated application software. Detailed system design, implementation, calibration and evaluation are reported.
A number of flame characteristic parameters are extracted from flame images and spectral signals. Luminous and geometric parameters, temperature and oscillation frequency are collected through imaging, while flame radical information is collected by the spectrometer. These parameters are then used to construct a neural network models for the burner condition monitoring and NOx emission prediction.
Extensive experimental work was conducted on a 120 MWth gas-fired heat recovery boiler to evaluate the performance of the prototype system and developed algorithms. Further tests were carried out on a 40 MWth coal-fired combustion test facility to investigate the production of NOx emissions and the burner performance. Results obtained from the tests are presented and discussed.
|Keywords||Burner condition monitoring|
Dr. G Lu
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||31 Mar 2023|
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