Singing and music making: physiological responses across early to later stages of dementia.
Walker, N., Crutch, S., West, Julian, Jones, F., Brotherhood, E., Harding, E. and Camic, P. 2021. Singing and music making: physiological responses across early to later stages of dementia. Wellcome Open Research. 6, p. 150. https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.16856.2
|Authors||Walker, N., Crutch, S., West, Julian, Jones, F., Brotherhood, E., Harding, E. and Camic, P.|
|Abstract||: Music based interventions have been found to improve the wellbeing of people living with dementia. More recently there has been interest in physiological measures to provide additional information about how music and singing impact this population. This multiple-case study design explored physiological responses (heart rate-HR, electrodermal activity-EDA, movement, and skin temperature-ST) of nine people with mild-to-moderate dementia during a singing group, and six people in the later stages of dementia during an interactive music group. The interactive music group was also video recorded to provide information about engagement. Data were analysed using simulation modelling analysis. : The singing group showed an increase in EDA (p < 0.01 for 8/9 participants) and HR (p < 0.01 for 5/9 participants) as the session began. HR (p < 0.0001 for 5/9 participants) and ST (p < 0.0001 for 6/9 participants) increased during faster paced songs. EDA (p < 0.01 all), movement (p < 0.01 for 8/9 participants) and engagement were higher during an interactive music group compared to a control session (music listening). EDA (p < 0.0001 for 14/18 participants) and ST (p < 0.001 for 10/18 participants) increased and in contrast to the responses during singing, HR decreased as the sessions began (p < 0.002 for 9/18 participants). EDA was higher during slower music (p < 0.0001 for 13/18 participants), however this was less consistent in more interactive sessions than the control. There were no consistent changes in HR and movement responses during different styles of music. : Physiological measures may provide valuable information about the experiences of people with dementia participating in arts and other activities, particularly for those with verbal communication difficulties. Future research should consider using physiological measures with video-analysis and observational measures to explore further how engagement in specific activities, wellbeing and physiology interact. [Abstract copyright: Copyright: © 2021 Walker N et al.]|
|Keywords||video analysis; physiological measurement; dementia; psychosocial activities; singing; music; wellbeing|
|Journal||Wellcome Open Research|
|Journal citation||6, p. 150|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.16856.2|
|01 Jan 2021|
|Online||26 Oct 2021|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||24 Nov 2021|
|Accepted||19 Oct 2021|
Publications router: Date 2021-10-19 of type 'accepted_date' included in notification.
0views this month
0downloads this month