Isometric exercise training for the management of blood pressure: A randomised sham-controlled study
De Caux, A., Edwards, J., Swift, H., Hurst, P., Wiles, J. and O'Driscoll, J. Isometric exercise training for the management of blood pressure: A randomised sham-controlled study. Physiological Reports.
|Authors||De Caux, A., Edwards, J., Swift, H., Hurst, P., Wiles, J. and O'Driscoll, J.|
Isometric exercise training (IET) is increasingly cited for its role in reducing resting blood pressure (BP). Despite this, few studies have investigated a potential sham effect attributing to the success of IET, thus dictating the aim of the present study. Thirty physically inactive males (n=15) and females (n=15) were randomly assigned into 3 groups. The IET group completed a wall-squat intervention at 95% peak heart rate (HR) using a prescribed knee joint angle. The sham group performed a parallel intervention, but at an intensity (<75% peak HR) previously identified to be inefficacious over a 4-week training period. No-intervention controls maintained their normal daily activities. Pre- and post-measures were taken for resting and continuous blood pressure and cardiac autonomic modulation. Resting clinic and continuous beat to beat systolic (-15.2±9.2 and -7.3±5.6 mmHg), diastolic (-4.6±5 and -4.5±5.1) and mean (-7±4.2 and -7.5±5.3) BP, respectively, all significantly decreased in the IET group compared to sham and no-intervention control. The IET group observed a significant decrease in low frequency normalised units of heart rate variability concurrent with a significant increase in high frequency normalised units of heart rate variability compared to both the sham and no-intervention control groups. The findings of the present study reject a non-specific effect and further support the role of IET as an effective anti-hypertensive intervention.
|Keywords||Isometric exercise training (IET); Hypertension; Blood pressure|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||27 Oct 2021|
|Deposited||11 Nov 2021|
|Accepted author manuscript|
File Access Level
|Output status||In press|
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