The early social cognition inventory (ESCI): an examination of its psychometric properties from birth to 47 months

Journal article


Hoicka, E., Soy-Telli, B., Prouten, E., Leckie, G., Browne, W.J., Nurmsoo, E. and Gattis, M. The early social cognition inventory (ESCI): an examination of its psychometric properties from birth to 47 months. Behavior Research Methods.
AuthorsHoicka, E., Soy-Telli, B., Prouten, E., Leckie, G., Browne, W.J., Nurmsoo, E. and Gattis, M.
Abstract

Social cognition refers to a broad range of cognitive processes and skills that allow individuals to interact with and understand others, including a variety of skills from infancy through preschool and beyond, e.g., joint attention, imitation, and belief understanding. However, no measures examine socio-cognitive development from birth through preschool. Current test batteries and parent-report measures focus either on infancy, or toddlerhood through preschool (and beyond). We report six studies in which we developed and tested a new 21-item parent-report measure of social cognition targeting 0-47 months: the Early Social Cognition Inventory (ESCI).

Study 1 (N = 295) revealed the ESCI has excellent internal reliability, and a 2-factor structure capturing social cognition and age. Study 2 (N = 605) also showed excellent internal reliability, and confirmed the 2-factor structure. Study 3 (N = 84), found a medium correlation between the ESCI and a researcher-administered social cognition task battery. Study 4 (N = 46), found strong 1-month test-retest reliability. Study 5 found longitudinal stability (6 months: N = 140; 12 months: N = 39), and inter-observer reliability between parents (N = 36) was good, and children’s scores increased significantly over 6 and 12 months. Study 6 showed the ESCI was internally reliable within countries (Australia, Canada, United Kingdom, United States, Trinidad and Tobago); parent ethnicity; parent education; and age groups from 4-39 months. ESCI scores positively correlated with household income (UK); children with siblings had higher scores; and Australian parents reported lower scores than American, British, and Canadian parents.

KeywordsSocial cognition; Theory of mind; Survey development; Infants; Toddlers; Preschoolers
JournalBehavior Research Methods
PublisherSpringer
ISSN1554-3528
Publication process dates
Deposited26 May 2021
Accepted author manuscript
File Access Level
Restricted
Output statusIn press
Permalink -

https://repository.canterbury.ac.uk/item/8xwx3/the-early-social-cognition-inventory-esci-an-examination-of-its-psychometric-properties-from-birth-to-47-months

  • 10
    total views
  • 2
    total downloads
  • 3
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month

Export as