A mixed methods analysis of factors affecting antenatal care content: A Syrian case study

Journal article


Moutada, R., Bottomley, C., Houben, F., Bashour, H. and Campbell, O. M. R. 2019. A mixed methods analysis of factors affecting antenatal care content: A Syrian case study. PLoS ONE. 14 (3), p. e0214375. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0214375
AuthorsMoutada, R., Bottomley, C., Houben, F., Bashour, H. and Campbell, O. M. R.
Abstract

Background
Maternity care services provide critical interventions aimed at improving maternal and newborn health. In this study, we examined determinants of antenatal care (ANC) content in Syria, together with changes over time.

Methods
We analysed two national surveys conducted by the Central Bureau of Statistics in Damascus (PAPFAM 2001 and MICS 2006). Findings of this initial analysis led to a qualitative study on adequacy of antenatal care content in two Syrian governorates, Aleppo and Latakia in 2010, which in turn informed further quantitative analysis. The perspectives and practices of doctors, women, midwives and health officials were explored using in-depth interviews. A framework approach was used to analyse the data.

Results
The quantitative analysis demonstrated that women’s education level, the type of health facility they attended and whether they had experienced health complications were important determinants of adequacy of ANC content received. The qualitative study revealed that additional factors related to supply side and demand side factors (e.g. organization of health services, doctors’ selective prescription of ANC tests and women’s selective uptake of those tests), influenced the quality of ANC and explained some regional differences between Aleppo and Latakia.

Conclusions
The percentage of women who received adequate ANC content was probably higher in Latakia than in Aleppo because women in Latakia were more educated, and because services were more available, accessible, and acceptable to them.

KeywordsAntenatal care; Syria
Year2019
JournalPLoS ONE
Journal citation14 (3), p. e0214375
PublisherPublic Library of Science
ISSN1932-6203
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0214375
Official URLhttps://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0214375
Publication dates
Online25 Mar 2019
Publication process dates
Accepted12 Mar 2019
Deposited07 Jan 2021
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
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