Alternative splicing and protein diversity: plants versus animals
Chaudhary, S., Khokhar, W., Jabre, I., Reddy A.S.N., Byrne, L., Wilson, C.M. and Syed, N. 2019. Alternative splicing and protein diversity: plants versus animals. Frontiers in Plant Science. 10 (708).
|Authors||Chaudhary, S., Khokhar, W., Jabre, I., Reddy A.S.N., Byrne, L., Wilson, C.M. and Syed, N.|
Plants, unlike animals, exhibit a very high degree of plasticity in their growth and development and employ diverse strategies to cope with the variations during diurnal cycles and stressful conditions. Plants and animals, despite their remarkable morphological and physiological differences, share many basic cellular processes and regulatory mechanisms. Alternative splicing (AS) is one such gene regulatory mechanism that modulates gene expression in multiple ways. It is now well established that AS is prevalent in all multicellular eukaryotes including plants and humans. Emerging evidence indicates that in plants, as in animals, transcription and splicing are coupled. Here, we reviewed recent evidence in support of co-transcriptional splicing in plants and highlighted similarities and differences between plants and humans. An unsettled question in the field of AS is the extent to which splice isoforms contribute to protein diversity. To take a critical look at this question, we presented a comprehensive summary of the current status of research in this area in both plants and humans, discussed limitations with the currently used approaches and suggested improvements to current methods and alternative approaches. We end with a discussion on the potential role of epigenetic modifications and chromatin state in splicing memory in plants primed with stresses.
|Keywords||Alternative splicing; Co-transcriptional splicing; Protein diversity; Intron retention; NMD; Splicing memory; Epigenetic modifications|
|Journal||Frontiers in Plant Science|
|Journal citation||10 (708)|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.3389/fpls.2019.00708|
|Online||12 Jun 2019|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||13 May 2019|
|Deposited||26 Jun 2020|
|Accepted author manuscript|
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