No differences between beetroot juice and placebo on competitive 5-km running performance: A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
Hurst, P., Saunders, S. and Coleman, D. 2020. No differences between beetroot juice and placebo on competitive 5-km running performance: A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 30 (4), pp. 295-300. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2020-0034
|Authors||Hurst, P., Saunders, S. and Coleman, D.|
We examined the effect of beetroot juice on endurance running performance in “real-world” competitive settings. One-hundred recreational runners (54% male; mean ± standard deviation, age = 33.3 ± 12.3 years, training history = 11.9 ± 8.1 years, hours per week training = 5.9 ± 3.5) completed a quasi-randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 5-km competitive time-trials. Participants performed four trials separated by one week in the order of pre-baseline, two experimental, and one post-baseline. Experimental trials consisted of the administration of 70-mL nitrate rich beetroot juice (containing ~4.1 mmol of nitrate, Beet It Sport®) or nitrate depleted placebo (containing ~0.04 mmol of nitrate, Beet It Sport®) 2.5 hours prior to time-trials. Time to complete 5-km was recorded for each trial. No differences were shown between pre- and post-baseline (P = 0.128, CV = 2.66%). The average of these two trials is therefore used as baseline. Compared to baseline, participants ran faster with beetroot juice (mean differences = 22.2 ± 5.0 s, P < 0.001, d = 0.08) and placebo (22.9 ± 4.5 s, P < 0.001, d = 0.09). No differences in times were shown between beetroot juice or placebo (0.8 ± 5.7 s, P < 0.875, d = 0.00). These results indicate that an acute dose of beetroot juice does not improve competitive 5-km time-trial performance in recreational runners compared to placebo.
|Keywords||Dietary nitrate; Ecological validity; Ergogenic aids; Nutrition; Sport supplements|
|Journal||International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism|
|Journal citation||30 (4), pp. 295-300|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2020-0034|
|Online||29 May 2020|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||24 Apr 2020|
|Deposited||07 May 2020|
|Accepted author manuscript|
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Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 2020 (ahead of print). © Human Kinetics, Inc.
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