Applications and strategies in nanodiagnosis and nanotherapy in lung cancer

Journal article


Woodman, C., Vundu, G., George, A. and Wilson, C. 2020. Applications and strategies in nanodiagnosis and nanotherapy in lung cancer. Seminars in Cancer Biology.
AuthorsWoodman, C., Vundu, G., George, A. and Wilson, C.
Abstract

Lung cancer is the second most common cancer and the leading cause of death in both men and women in the world. Lung cancer is heterogeneous in nature and diagnosis is often at an advanced stage as it develops silently in the lung and is frequently associated with high mortality rates. Despite the advances made in understanding the biology of lung cancer, progress in early diagnosis, cancer therapy modalities and considering the mechanisms of drug resistance, the prognosis and outcome still remains low for many patients.

Nanotechnology is one of the fastest growing areas of research that can solve many biological problems such as cancer. A growing number of therapies based on using nanoparticles (NPs) have successfully entered the clinic to treat pain, cancer, and infectious diseases. Recent progress in nanotechnology has been encouraging and directed to developing novel nanoparticles that can be one step ahead of the cancer reducing the possibility of multi-drug resistance. Nanomedicine using NPs is continuingly impacting cancer diagnosis and treatment. Chemotherapy is often associated with limited targeting to the tumor, side effects and low solubility that leads to insufficient drug reaching the tumor. Overcoming these drawbacks of chemotherapy by equipping NPs with theranostic capability which is leading to the development of novel strategies. This review provides a synopsis of current progress in theranostic applications for lung cancer diagnosis and therapy using NPs including liposome, polymeric NPs, quantum dots, gold NPs, dendrimers, carbon nanotubes and magnetic NPs.

KeywordsLung cancer; Nanoparticles; Nanotechnology; Nanodiagnosis; Nanotherapy
Year2020
JournalSeminars in Cancer Biology
PublisherElsevier
ISSN1044-579X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.semcancer.2020.02.009
Official URLhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.semcancer.2020.02.009
Publication dates
Online20 Feb 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted11 Feb 2020
Deposited12 Mar 2020
Accepted author manuscript
License
File Access Level
Controlled
Supplemental file
File Access Level
Controlled
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