Using the AQ-10 with adults who have a borderline or mild intellectual disability: pilot analysis of an adapted AQ-10 (AQ-10 intellectual disability)

Journal article


Kent, E., Burgess, J. and Kilbey, E. 2018. Using the AQ-10 with adults who have a borderline or mild intellectual disability: pilot analysis of an adapted AQ-10 (AQ-10 intellectual disability). Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders. 54, pp. 65-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2018.06.010
AuthorsKent, E., Burgess, J. and Kilbey, E.
Abstract

Background: There is a need for appropriate screening tools for case identification of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in those with intellectual disabilities (ID) given the high co-occurrence of the two conditions. The AQ-10 is the screening tool recommended by NICE for the identification of ASD in adults with a borderline or mild intellectual disability. However, the AQ-10 was not developed with this population in mind.

Method: A mixed-methods approach was used to investigate the utility of the AQ-10 in its original form as a case identification tool. The AQ-10 was then redesigned and piloted. Qualitative results revealed individuals with a borderline or mild ID found the AQ-10 too inaccessible in its current format.

Results: Following revision, the diagnostic validity of the revised measure (AQ-10-ID) showed good sensitivity (0.85) and specificity (0.77), whereas the diagnostic validity of the original AQ- 10 was poor. The internal consistency for the AQ-10-ID was 0.67 and 0.30 for the AQ-10.

Conclusions: These findings indicate that changes may be needed to the AQ-10 before clinicians consider using as a screen tools for adults with an intellectual disability.

KeywordsIntellectual disability; autism spectrum disorder; intellectual impairment; screening; case identification; AQ-10
Year2018
JournalResearch in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Journal citation54, pp. 65-75
PublisherElsevier
ISSN1750-9467
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2018.06.010
Publication dates
Online23 Jul 2018
Publication process dates
Deposited14 May 2019
Accepted27 Jun 2018
Output statusPublished
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https://repository.canterbury.ac.uk/item/88z96/using-the-aq-10-with-adults-who-have-a-borderline-or-mild-intellectual-disability-pilot-analysis-of-an-adapted-aq-10-aq-10-intellectual-disability

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