Extrinsic rewards diminish costly sharing in 3-year-olds

Journal article


Ulber, J., Hamann, K. and Tomasello, M. 2016. Extrinsic rewards diminish costly sharing in 3-year-olds. Child Development. 87 (4), pp. 1192-1203. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12534
AuthorsUlber, J., Hamann, K. and Tomasello, M.
Abstract

Two studies investigated the influence of external rewards and social praise in young children's fairness-related behavior.

The motivation of ninety-six 3-year-olds' to equalize unfair resource allocations was measured in three scenarios (collaboration, windfall, and dictator game) following three different treatments (material reward, verbal praise, and neutral response). In all scenarios, children's willingness to engage in costly sharing was negatively influenced when they had received a reward for equal sharing during treatment than when they had received praise or no reward. The negative effect of material rewards was not due to subjects responding in kind to their partner's termination of rewards.

These results provide new evidence for the intrinsic motivation of prosociality-in this case, costly sharing behavior-in preschool children.

Year2016
JournalChild Development
Journal citation87 (4), pp. 1192-1203
PublisherBlackwell Publishing
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12534
Publication dates
Online16 Apr 2016
Publication process dates
Deposited05 Dec 2018
Accepted2016
Output statusPublished
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https://repository.canterbury.ac.uk/item/88xz0/extrinsic-rewards-diminish-costly-sharing-in-3-year-olds

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