A review of school approaches to increasing pupil resilience
Neville, V., Joscelyne, T. and Chester, J. 2019. A review of school approaches to increasing pupil resilience. Journal of Public Mental Health. https://doi.org/10.1108/JPMH-03-2018-0020
|Authors||Neville, V., Joscelyne, T. and Chester, J.|
The purpose of this review is to evaluate the literature on whole school approaches to increasing resilience in pupils. This is pertinent with the increase in children and young people’s mental health needs creating extra pressure on schools to foster young people’s ability to withstand stress and adversity. Whilst previous reviews have considered the ways in which schools support their pupils, the extent to which resilience has been reliably measured has varied. Recently, several validated resilience measures have been developed which allows for potentially more robust research to take place.
This systematic review therefore summarises and critiques the literature exploring whole school approaches to resilience development only where a validated measure has been used. Eleven studies were reviewed and demonstrate that there is a trend between school factors and pupil resilience. The importance of supportive relationships with both peers and staff in school is highlighted in several studies as well as the positive effect of including a robust health promoting school’s agenda situated within local communities. However, the number of limitations identified within the current literature suggests that this review is not able to offer clear recommendations to schools. This review will, however, be helpful to schools, local authorities and the government in allowing them to take more of a critical stance in understanding resilience within a school context.
|Keywords||Education; school; resilience; child and adolescent mental health; socio-ecological theory|
|Journal||Journal of Public Mental Health|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1108/JPMH-03-2018-0020|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||20 Nov 2018|
|Accepted||19 Nov 2018|
|Accepted author manuscript|
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