The relationship between cycle tourism and sustainable transport in the UK

Journal article


Weed, M., Bull, C., Brown, M., Dowse, S., Lovell, J., Mansfield, L. and Wellard, I. 2014. The relationship between cycle tourism and sustainable transport in the UK. Tourism Review International. https://doi.org/10.3727/154427214X13990420684644
AuthorsWeed, M., Bull, C., Brown, M., Dowse, S., Lovell, J., Mansfield, L. and Wellard, I.
Abstract

The use of both sustainable transport outcomes and tourism impacts as a mixed justification for investment in cycling infrastructure has led to the two often being seen as synonymous. The environmentally friendly credentials of cycle tourism are predicated on a conceptualization of cycle tourism in which cycling as a form of transport supplants other energy-consuming and -polluting forms of transport within the tourism trip. However, using a recent meta-analysis of UK data, this research note shows that even when the environmental costs of major cycling events are excluded, in absolute terms recreational cycle tourism across its full range of forms in the UK still generates considerable motorized transport use. But, the use of counterfactual models shows that in relative terms, on average across all its forms, recreational cycle tourism in the UK reduces the use of motorized transport to get to and from destinations by 12.2% and reduces motorized transport use at destinations by 7.6%. Consequently, recreational cycle tourism in the UK does have a positive sustainable transport outcome, but this is far smaller than is often visualized.

Year2014
JournalTourism Review International
PublisherCognizant Communication Corporation
ISSN1544-2721
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3727/154427214X13990420684644
Publication dates
Print2014
Publication process dates
Deposited05 Apr 2017
Output statusPublished
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https://repository.canterbury.ac.uk/item/88236/the-relationship-between-cycle-tourism-and-sustainable-transport-in-the-uk

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Liberating the heritage city: towards cultural engagement
Stuart-Hoyle, M. and Lovell, J. 2006. Liberating the heritage city: towards cultural engagement. in: Smith, M. and Robinson, M. (ed.) Cultural Tourism in a Changing World: Politics, Participation and (Re)presentation Clevedon Channel View Publications.
A missed opportunity waiting to happen? The social legacy potential of the London 2012 Paralympic Games
Weed, M. and Dowse, S. 2009. A missed opportunity waiting to happen? The social legacy potential of the London 2012 Paralympic Games. Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events. 1 (2), pp. 170-174. https://doi.org/10.1080/19407960902992241
Paralympic potential: opportunities and risks
Dowse, S. 2010. Paralympic potential: opportunities and risks. in: Wellard, I. and Weed, M. (ed.) Wellbeing, Health and Leisure Eastbourne Leisure Studies Association.
A flame inside me is ignited when I dance: Physical activity and embodied reflexive practices in young ballet dancers
Wellard, I. 2005. A flame inside me is ignited when I dance: Physical activity and embodied reflexive practices in young ballet dancers.
Investigating talented girls in dance
Wellard, I. and Pickard, A. 2005. Investigating talented girls in dance.
Performing sporting masculinities: sexuality, body practices and gay identities
Wellard, I. 2005. Performing sporting masculinities: sexuality, body practices and gay identities.
Making spaces for sport and the arts
Dismore, H. and Wellard, I. 2006. Making spaces for sport and the arts.
Queer sport for all: to what extent does gay sport address inclusion and human rights?
Wellard, I. 2006. Queer sport for all: to what extent does gay sport address inclusion and human rights?
Masculinities on the move: negotiating male identities within the context of physical education and dance
Wellard, I. 2006. Masculinities on the move: negotiating male identities within the context of physical education and dance.
Transcending the heteronormative in sport: masculine sporting identities, sexuality and in/exclusive practices
Wellard, I. 2006. Transcending the heteronormative in sport: masculine sporting identities, sexuality and in/exclusive practices.
How will we know if the London 2012 Olympics and Paralympics benefit health?
Weed, M. 2010. How will we know if the London 2012 Olympics and Paralympics benefit health? British Medical Journal (BMJ). 340, p. c2202. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.c2202
Inflexible bodies and inflexible minds: Gendered imbalances within the context of physical education and dance
Wellard, I. 2007. Inflexible bodies and inflexible minds: Gendered imbalances within the context of physical education and dance.
Communities of physical education practice in schools: Placing gendered limits upon lifelong sporting participation
Wellard, I. 2008. Communities of physical education practice in schools: Placing gendered limits upon lifelong sporting participation.
Body reflexive pleasures: exploring bodily experiences within the context of sport and physical activity
Wellard, I. 2009. Body reflexive pleasures: exploring bodily experiences within the context of sport and physical activity.
Sports tourism research futures
Weed, M. 2006. Sports tourism research futures.
Academic renewal in leisure and tourism studies
Weed, M. 2006. Academic renewal in leisure and tourism studies.
An overview of Olympic tourism flows
Weed, M. 2007. An overview of Olympic tourism flows.
Developing sports tourism: a developing country perspective
Weed, M. 2008. Developing sports tourism: a developing country perspective.
Canterbury City Council play strategy: report on a research and consultation project
Powell, S., Bailey, R. and Wellard, I. 2005. Canterbury City Council play strategy: report on a research and consultation project. Canterbury, UK Canterbury City Council.
Policies and play: the impact of national policies on children's opportunities for play
Powell, S. and Wellard, I. 2008. Policies and play: the impact of national policies on children's opportunities for play. London, UK Play England.
A quality debate on grounded theory in sport and exercise psychology? A commentary on potential areas for future debate
Weed, M. 2010. A quality debate on grounded theory in sport and exercise psychology? A commentary on potential areas for future debate. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 11 (6), pp. 414-418. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2010.07.001
Sport, masculinities and the body: an exploration
Wellard, I. 2009. Sport, masculinities and the body: an exploration.
Keeping sport queer: maintaining the challenge to exclusive masculinity
Wellard, I. 2004. Keeping sport queer: maintaining the challenge to exclusive masculinity. Inter-Cultural Studies. 4 (1).
Understanding the sports tourism product
Weed, M. 2006. Understanding the sports tourism product.
Virtual football fandoms
Weed, M. 2006. Virtual football fandoms.
Sports tourism and the development of sports events
Weed, M. 2006. Sports tourism and the development of sports events.
Sports tourism research: the state of the field
Weed, M. 2006. Sports tourism research: the state of the field.
Sport, gender and embodied reflexive pleasures
Wellard, I. 2010. Sport, gender and embodied reflexive pleasures.
Girls' participation in physical activities and sports: benefits, patterns, influences and ways forward
Bailey, R., Wellard, I. and Dismore, H. 2004. Girls' participation in physical activities and sports: benefits, patterns, influences and ways forward. World Health Organisation.
Policies and play: the impact of national policies on children's opportunities for play
Powell, S. and Wellard, I. 2008. Policies and play: the impact of national policies on children's opportunities for play. London National Children’s Bureau.
Sport, body performance and the maintenance of 'exclusive masculinity'
Wellard, I. 2003. Sport, body performance and the maintenance of 'exclusive masculinity'. in: Fleming, S. and Jones, I. (ed.) Leisure Cultures: investigations in sport, media and technology Eastbourne Leisure Studies Association.
Active bodies for 'real' men: reflecting upon the social constructions of activity and passivity for gendered and sexually identified bodies
Wellard, I. 2005. Active bodies for 'real' men: reflecting upon the social constructions of activity and passivity for gendered and sexually identified bodies. in: Bramham, P. and Caudwell, J. (ed.) Sport, Active Leisure and Youth Cultures Eastbourne Leisure Studies Association.
Making spaces for sport and the arts
Dismore, H., Wellard, I. and Bailey, R. 2006. Making spaces for sport and the arts. in: Atchison, C., Richards, G. and Tallon, A. (ed.) Urban Transformations: Regeneration and Renewal in Leisure and Tourism Eastbourne Leisure Studies Association.
Transcending the heteronormative in sport: masculine sporting identities, sexuality and in/exclusive practices
Wellard, I. 2009. Transcending the heteronormative in sport: masculine sporting identities, sexuality and in/exclusive practices. in: Liotard, P. (ed.) Sport, homosexualites, homophobie Editions Quasimodo.
Sexuality and youth sport
Wellard, I. 2011. Sexuality and youth sport. in: Dagkas, S. and Armour, K. (ed.) Inclusion and Exclusion through Youth Sport London Routledge.
Girls and physical activities: a summary review
Bailey, R., Wellard, I. and Dismore, H. 2005. Girls and physical activities: a summary review. Education and Health. 23 (1), pp. 3-5.
Sport, masculinities and the body
Wellard, I. 2009. Sport, masculinities and the body. London Routledge.
Interpretive qualitative synthesis in the sport & exercise sciences: The meta-interpretation approach
Weed, M. 2006. Interpretive qualitative synthesis in the sport & exercise sciences: The meta-interpretation approach. European Journal of Sport Science. 6 (2), pp. 127-139. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461390500528576
The potential of narrative research in sports tourism
Smith, B. and Weed, M. 2007. The potential of narrative research in sports tourism. Journal of Sport & Tourism. 12 (3 & 4), pp. 249-269. https://doi.org/10.1080/14775080701737005
The pub as a virtual football fandom venue: an alternative to 'being there'?
Weed, M. 2007. The pub as a virtual football fandom venue: an alternative to 'being there'? Soccer & Society. 8 (2 & 3), pp. 399-414. https://doi.org/10.1080/14660970701224665
A potential method for the interpretive synthesis of qualitative research: issues in the development of 'meta-interpretation'
Weed, M. 2008. A potential method for the interpretive synthesis of qualitative research: issues in the development of 'meta-interpretation'. International Journal of Social Research Methodology. 11 (1), pp. 13-28. https://doi.org/10.1080/13645570701401222
Why the two won't tango! Explaining the lack of integrated policies for sport and tourism in the UK
Weed, M. 2003. Why the two won't tango! Explaining the lack of integrated policies for sport and tourism in the UK. Journal of Sport Management. 17 (3), pp. 258-283.
Towards a model of cross-sectoral policy development in leisure: the case of sport and tourism
Weed, M. 2001. Towards a model of cross-sectoral policy development in leisure: the case of sport and tourism. Leisure Studies. 20 (2), pp. 125-141. https://doi.org/10.1080/02614360110049931
The impact of hosting major sporting events on local residents: an analysis of the views and perceptions of Canterbury residents in relation to the Tour de France 2007
Bull, C. and Lovell, J. 2007. The impact of hosting major sporting events on local residents: an analysis of the views and perceptions of Canterbury residents in relation to the Tour de France 2007. Journal of Sport & Tourism. 12 (3-4), pp. 229-248. https://doi.org/10.1080/14775080701736973
Sports tourism: participants, policy and providers
Weed, M. and Bull, C. 2004. Sports tourism: participants, policy and providers. Oxford Elsevier.
Exploring the limits of queer and sport: gay men playing tennis
Wellard, I. 2006. Exploring the limits of queer and sport: gay men playing tennis. in: Caudwell, J. (ed.) Sport, Sexualities and Queer/Theory London Routledge. pp. 76-89
'A shock of electricity just sort of goes through my body': physical activity and embodied reflexive practices in young female ballet dancers
Wellard, I., Pickard, A. and Bailey, R. 2007. 'A shock of electricity just sort of goes through my body': physical activity and embodied reflexive practices in young female ballet dancers. Gender and Education. 19 (1), pp. 79-91. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540250601087793
Able bodies and sport participation: social constructions of physical ability for gendered and sexually identified bodies
Wellard, I. 2006. Able bodies and sport participation: social constructions of physical ability for gendered and sexually identified bodies. Sport, Education and Society. 11 (2), pp. 105-119. https://doi.org/10.1080/13573320600640645
Men, sport, body performance and the maintenance of 'exclusive masculinity'
Wellard, I. 2003. Men, sport, body performance and the maintenance of 'exclusive masculinity'. Leisure Studies. 21 (3-4), pp. 235-247. https://doi.org/10.1080/0261436022000030641
Ing-Ger-Land at Euro 2000: how 'handbags at 20 paces' was portrayed as a full-scale riot
Weed, M. 2001. Ing-Ger-Land at Euro 2000: how 'handbags at 20 paces' was portrayed as a full-scale riot. International Review for the Sociology of Sport. 36 (4), pp. 407-424. https://doi.org/10.1177/101269001036004003
A systematic review of evidence for the potential of live sites to generate community and public health outcomes
Weed, M., Dowse, S., Chatziefstathiou, D., Lovell, J., Mansfield, L. and Wellard, I. 2010. A systematic review of evidence for the potential of live sites to generate community and public health outcomes. Dover National Health Service.
Post-modern heritage, chivalry, park and ride: Le Tour comes to Canterbury.
Lovell, J. 2008. Post-modern heritage, chivalry, park and ride: Le Tour comes to Canterbury. in: Ali-Knight, J., Robertson, M., Fyall, A. and Ladkin, A. (ed.) International Perspectives of Festivals and Events: Paradigms of Analysis London Elsevier. pp. 265-277